Clinical procedures ch 12 LOM

  1. chest x-ray
    radiographic imaging of the thoracic cavity
  2. CT
    (computerized tomography) computer-generated x-ray images show thoracic structures in cross-section
  3. pulmonary angiography
    x-ray images taken after injecting radiopaque contrast into the pulmonary artery or right side of the heart
  4. MRI
    (magnetic resonance imaging) magnetic waves create detailed images of the chest in frontal, lateral, and cross-sectional (axial) planes
  5. ventilation-perfusion scan
    (V/Q) detection device records radioactivity after injection of a radioisotope or inhalation of small amount of radioactive gas (xenon)
  6. bronchoscopy
    fiber-optic or rigid endoscope inserted into the bronchial tubes for diagnosis, biopsy, or collection of specimens
  7. endotracheal intubation
    placement of a tube through the mouth into the pharynx, larynx, and trachea to establish an airway
  8. laryngoscopy
    visual examination of the voice box
  9. lung biopsy
    removal of lung tissue followed by microscopic examination
  10. mediastinoscopy
    endoscopic visual examination of the mediastinum
  11. pulmonary function tests
    (PFTs) tests that measure the ventilation mechanics of the lung (airway function, lung volume, and capacity of the lungs to exchange oxygen and CO2 efficiently
  12. thoracentesis
    surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space
  13. thoracotomy
    major surgical incision of the chest
  14. thorascopy
    visual examination of the chest via small incisions and use of an endoscope
  15. tracheostomy
    creation of an opening into the trachea through the neck
  16. tuberculin test
    determines the past or present tuberculosis infection based on a positive skin reaction
  17. tube thoracostomy
    chest tube is passed through an opening in the skin of the chest to continuously drain a pleural effusion
Card Set
Clinical procedures ch 12 LOM
flashcards for chapter 12