ochem unit 4

  1. What are hydro carbons
    Organic compound containing only H and C atoms
  2. What are the three major classes of hydrocarbon
    Saturated, unsaturated and aromatic hydrocarbons
  3. Contains only single carbon-carbon bonds.
    Saturated hydrocarbons (they are sp^3 hybridized)
  4. Contains at least one multiple carbon-carbon bond (a triple bond, double bond or both)
    Unsaturated hydrocarbons
  5. A special class of unsaturated ring compounds related to benzene
    Aromatic Hydrocarbons
  6. What are the two types of hydrocarbons
    • The alkanes or aliphatic hydrocarbons =acyclic=paraffins
    • and Cycloalkanes =cyclic
  7. What are the three types of unsaturated hydrocarbons
    Alkenes, Cycloalkenes, Alkynes
  8. Acyclic compound that contains at least one C-C double bond
  9. Cyclic compounds that contains a C-C double bond
  10. Acyclic compound that contains at least a C-C triple bond
  11. Special class of unsaturated cyclic compounds related to the structure of benzene
    Aromatic Hydrocarbons
  12. This is the face or characteristic unit in a substance of an organic compound
    Functional group
  13. Intermolecular forces that occur between molecules of polar substances
    Dipole-Dipole interactions
  14. Weak forces between all kinds of molecules (polar and nonpolar)
    Van Der WAALS forces
  15. Molecules of polar substances that contain OH, NH, and HF.
    Hydrogen Bonding
  16. The solubility, boiling and melting points of a substance depends on the strength of its _______
    Intermolecular forces
  17. Temperature at which a liquid substance turns to gas at atmospheric pressure
    Boiling point
  18. Boiling point depend on the strength of these
    IMF, surface area and polarizability
  19. Temperature at which solid substance turns to liquid at atmospheric pressure
    Melting point
  20. Melting point depends on the strength of theses
    IMF and molecular symmetry
  21. Amount of solute that can dissolve in a certain amount of solvent at a given temperature
  22. Organic compounds that contain 1 to 5 carbons and contain O or N atoms.
    Ionic substance
    Water soluble compounds
Card Set
ochem unit 4