Modern Art Exam 2

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    • Marcel Duchamp
    • Fountain
    • Dada movement
    • Readymade
    • Submitted to the exhibit as an act of provocation. Signed R. Mutt as a poke at plumbing manufacturer J.L. Mott
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    • Kathe Kollwitz
    • Lamentation: In Memory of Ernst Barlach (Grief)
    • WWI
    • Portrait of grieving, which lets show her own grieving for dead son
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    • Amedeo Madicliani
    • Nude
    • France Post WWI
    • Used Professional models for nudes
    • Example of artists standard formula for reclining nudes
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    • Piet Mondrian
    • Composition 1921
    • Neoplasticism / De Stijl
    • edges of the paining are left open as if the composition continues off the canvas
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    • Walter Gropius and Adolph Meyer
    • Fagus Shoe Factory
    • Bauhaus
    • Innovation in utilization of glass even in the corners
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    • Paul Klee
    • Death and Fire
    • Bauhaus
    • Painted on burlap
    • Klee died less than a year after painting
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    • Joan Miro'
    • Painting
    • Surrealism
    • Although images appear to be non-figurative, some observers have found similarities with forms and animals.
    • Tie between subconscious and conscious
    • Had impact on american abstract artists
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    • Salvador Dali'
    • The Persistance of Memory
    • Surrealism
    • Fame comes from the recognizable objects that are in an unusual form with unusual attributes
    • Dali' was obsessed with morphology between hard and soft
    • Based on a memory of a doctor who asked to see his tongue.
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    • Pablo Picasso
    • Guernica
    • Cubism
    • One of the most recognizable works of twentieth century
    • Inspired by Spanish Civil War and the destruction of town of Guernica by German bombers
    • Training mission for German Air Force.
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    • Meret Oppenheim
    • Object (Luncheon in Fur)
    • Surrealism
    • work Oppenheim is primarily known for
    • inspiration came from Picasso saying, after a discussion about her fur cover jewelry, that you could cover just about anything in fur.
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    • Henry Moore
    • Reclining Figure
    • British Sculpture
    • Blockiness is from Moore's view that stone should look like stone, not flesh
  12. Dada
    • Emerged in Zurich 1916
    • moved to Berlin, Paris, and New York
    • Less a style or technique than an attitude
    • mocked traditional notions of art
    • Marcel Janco
    • Jean Arp
    • Hans Richter
    • Marcel Duchamp
  13. De Stihl
    • devaluation of tradition
    • simplified shapes and colors
    • Theo Van Doesburg was founder
    • Piet Mondrian
  14. Neoplasticism
    Shapes, lines, and colors have their own absolute autonomous values and relationships, divorced from any association whatsoever.
  15. Bauhaus
    • Founder is Walter Gropius
    • progressive artists introduced radical innovations
    • Adolph Meyer
    • Josef Albers
    • Paul Klee
    • Vasily Kandinsky
  16. Surrealism
    • influenced by sigmund freud
    • identifiable objects portrayed in unusual ways
    • Max Ernst
    • Joan Miro'
    • Salvador Dali'
    • Meret Oppenheim
  17. Automatism
    The artists aim is to allow the subconscious to create the artwork without rational interference.
  18. Frottage
    Rubbing charcoal over paper to create image
  19. Grattage
    A pattern created by scraping off layers of paint
Card Set
Modern Art Exam 2
Modern Art Exam 2