1. Hypersecretion of growth adulthood hormone (GH) during adulthood; Chronic metabolic disorder characterized by and gradual enlargement or elongation of facial bones and extremities
  2. Hyposecretion of adrenal cortical insufficiency) cortical hormones (adrenal cortical insufficiency); Caused by tuberculosis, autoimmunity, or other factors, this life-threatening condition is characterized by wekness, anorexia, weight loss, nausea, irritability, decreased cold tolerance, dehydration, increased skin pigmentation, and emotional disturbance; it may lead to an acute phase (adrenal cirsis characterized by cirulatory shock.
    Addison Disease
  3. Hypersecretion of aldosterone; Often caused by adrenal hyperplasia, this condition is characterized by sodium retention and potassium loss – producing Conn syndrome: severe muscle weakness, hypertension (high blood pressure), kidney dysfunction, cardiac problems
  4. Hyposecretion of thyroid hormone during early development; Congenital condition characterized by dwarfism, retarded mental development, facial puffiness, dry skin, umbilical hernia, and lack of muscle coordination
  5. Hypersecretion of adrenaocortoicotropic hormone; Caused by adenoma of the anterior pituitary increased ACTH causes hypersecretion of adrenal cortical hormones
    Cushin Disease
  6. Hypersecretion (for injection) of glucocorticoids; Metabolic disorder characterized by fat deposits on upper back, striated pad of fat on chest and abdomen, rounded "moon" face, muscular astrophy, edema, hypokalemia (low blood potassium level), possible abnormal skin pigentation; occurs in Cushing disease
    Cushing Syndrome
  7. Hyposecretion of (or insensitivity to) antidiuretic hormone (ADH), Metabolic disorder characterized by extreme polyuria (excessive urination) and polydipsia (excessive thirst) because of the decrease in the kidney's retention of water
    Diabetes Insipidus
  8. Temporary decrease in blood levels of insulin during pregnancy, carbohydrate-metabolism disorder occurring in some pregnant women; characterized by polydipsia, polyuria, overeating, weight loss, fatigue and irritability
    Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM)
  9. Hypersecretation of GH before age 25 years, condition characterized by extreme skeletal size caused by excess protien anabolism during skeletal development
  10. hypersecretion of thyroid hormone; inherited, possibly autoimmune disease characterized by hyperthyroidism, exophthalmos (protruding eyes)
    Graves Disease
  11. Enlargement of thyroid (goiter) is sometimes accompanied by hypothyroidism, typically occuring between ages 30 and 50 years; 20 times more common in females than male
    Hashimoto Disease
  12. Hypersecretion of parathyroid hormone, condition characterized by increased reabsorption of calcium from bone tissue and kidneys and increased absorption by the Gastrointestinal tract; produces hypercalcernia, resulting in confusion, anorexia, abdominal pain, muscle pain, and fatigue, possible progressing to circulatory shock, kidney failure, death
  13. Hypersecretion of thyroid hormone, condition characterized by nervousness, tremor, weight loss, excessive hunger, fatigue, heat intolerance, heart arrhythmia, and diarrhea; caused by a general acceleration of body function
    Hyperthyroidism (adult)
  14. Hyposecretion of thyroid hormone, condition characterized by sluggishness, weight gain, skin dryness, constipation, arthritis, and generaly slowing of body functions; may lead to myxedema, coma, or death if untreated
    Hypothroidism (adult)
  15. Hypersecretion )or overdose injection) of insulin, decreased food intake, excessive exercise; Hypoglycernic (low blood glucose) shock characterized by nervousness, sweating and chills, irritability, hunger, and pallor-progressing to convulsion, coma, and death if untreated
    Insulin Shock
  16. Extreme hyposecretion of thyroid hormine during adulthood; Severe form of adult hypothyroidism characterized by edema of the face and extremities; often progressing to coma and death
  17. Hyposecretion of estrogen in posmenopausal women; bone disorder characterized by loss of minerals and collagen from bone matrix, producing holes or porosities that weaken the skeleton
  18. Hyposecretion of GH before age of 25; condition characterized by reduced skeletal size caused by decreased protein anabolism during skeletal development
    Pituitary Dwarfism
  19. Lack of iodine in diet; Enlargement of thyroid tissue results from the inability of the thyroid to make thyroid hormone because of a lack of iodine; a positive feedback situation develops in which low thyroid hormone levels trigger hypersecretion of thyroid - stimulating hormone (TSH) by pituitary - which stimulates thyroid growth
    Simple Goiter
  20. Hyposecretion of sex hormones; loss of reproductive function
  21. Hyposecretion of insulin; inherited condition with sudden childhood onset characterized by polydipsia, polyuria, overeating, weight loss, fatigue, and irritability, resulting from the inability of cells to secure and metabolize carbohydrates
    Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
  22. Insesitivity of target cells to insulin; Carbohydrate - metabolism disorder with slow adulthood onset thought to be caused by a combination of genetic and enviromental factors and characterized by polydipsia, polyuria, overeating, weight loss, fatigue, and irritability
    Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
  23. Hypersecretion of (or hypersensitivity to) melatonin; Abnormal emotional state characterized by sadness and melancholy resulting from exaggerated melatonin effects; melatonin levels are inhibited by sunlight so they increase when day length decreases during winter
    Winter (Seasonal) Depression
Card Set
Endocrine Disorder