nutra 2

  1. main components of gingko and how they are standardized
    • flavonol glycosides 24%
    • terpene lactones 6%
    • nmt 5 ppm of ginkgolic acid
  2. actions of gingko
    • peripheral vasodilator and blood flow for intermittent claudication, vertigo, dizzy, Raynaud's phenomenon
    • antiplatelet
    • antioxidant
    • mastitis and PMS
  3. which herbal has a negative marker warning and what is it?
    • alkyl phenol in ginkgo should be n.m.t. 5ppm (on the label)
    • causes allergy
  4. panax quinquefolius is the botanical source of ___.
    american ginseng
  5. main components of american ginseng
    • >30 ginsenosides
    • Rb1, Rg1
  6. ginsenoside Rb1 structure looks like ___
  7. actions of american ginseng
    • adaptogen: relieve stress
    • hypoglycemic: lower blood sugar
    • mild CNS stimulant
    • immunostimulant: improve resistance to infection
    • stimulant: fatigue, general weakness
    • antioxidant
    • decrease oxidation of LDL and brain tissue
    • promote blood ethanol clearance
  8. panax ginseng is the botanical name of?
    ginseng asian
  9. eleutherococcus senticosus is the botanical name of?
    siberian ginseng (diff from asian and american)
  10. main component of siberian ginseng
    eleutherosides (not ginsenosides)
  11. vitis vinifera is the botanical name of?
    grape seed extract (GSE)
  12. main component of grape seed extract?
    what do they do?
    • oligomeric proanthocyanidin complex (OPC)
    • aka procyanidin or anthocyanoside
    • OH's trap free radicals (antioxidant)
  13. what are the three products that are similar to grape seed extract?
    • red wine extract
    • pycnogenol
    • resveratrol
  14. what are the two main components of red wine extract?
    • oligomeric proanthocyanidin complex (OPC)
    • resveratrol
  15. where is pycnogenol from?
    • pine bark
    • this is a product similar to grape seed extract
  16. what is this - trans-3,4,5-trihydroxystilbene?
  17. what are the botanical sources of resveratrol?
    • red grapes
    • peanuts
    • japanese knotweed
    • rhizome
  18. which resveratrol is better and why?
    trans vs. cic
    • trans
    • more potent, active, stable, absorbable
  19. polygonum cuspidatum - what is this and what popular product does it produce?
    • japanese knotwood
    • resveratrol
  20. camellia sinensis is the botanical source of __
    green tea
  21. main components of green tea
    • alkaloids
    • polyphenol
    • flavonoids
    • vitamin K
    • tannin
  22. actions of green tea
    • astringent
    • antiplatelet
    • anticancer
    • antioxidant
  23. what are the two flavonoid components in tea?
    • epicatechin
    • epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG)
  24. piper methysticum is the botanical source of __
  25. what is kava for?
    anticonvulsant, sedative
  26. what is the only herbal product with FDA warning that we learned?
    what is it?
    • kava
    • death in the past with hepatotoxicity
  27. hypericum perforatum is the botanical source of ___
    st. john's wort
  28. main components of st johns wort
    • hypericin, pseudohypericin
    • hyperforin
    • essential oil
  29. what does st john's wort do?
    • antidepressant (mild)
    • sedative
    • skin healer
  30. precautions of st john's wort
    • photosensitivity
    • hives
    • increase BP
    • fatigue
  31. serenoa repens is the botanical source of?
    saw palmetto
  32. main components of saw palmetto
    • fixed oil, fatty acids
    • high MW polysaccharide
    • phytosterol
  33. what is baldrinal?
    degradation product from valerian that may be responsible for sedative action
  34. two best dosage forms for saw palmetto
    • standardized lipophilic extract (tab)
    • fluid extract
  35. two government herbal product resources?
    • Medline Plus
    • National Center for Complementary and Alternative Med
  36. three diff sources of echinacea and which 2 should you use?
    • e. angustifolia and e. purpurea: use this
    • e. pallida is unreliable
  37. some of the main componenets of echinacea?
    • echinacoside
    • cichoric acid
    • polysaccharide
    • polyacetylene
  38. uses of echinacea?
    • upper resp tract infxn
    • uti, vaginal yeast, recurrent herpes
    • wound heal
  39. important side effect and concern for echinacea
    allergic reaction esp for those with asthma, atopy or allergy to pollen
  40. oenothera biennis is the botanical source of __
    evening primrose
  41. main components of evening primrose
    fixed oil - linoleic acid, gamma-linolenic acid (GLA; omega-6 f.a.)
  42. use of evening primrose
    • cyclic/non-cyclic mastalgia
    • RA
    • eczema
  43. allium sativum is the botanical source of __
  44. what is the active ingredient of garlic?
    garlic oil - voltaile oil
  45. why does garlic smell?
    b/c solid sulfoxide of alliin converts to liquid thiosulfinate allicin
  46. use of garlic
    • against plaque formation
    • lower incidence of stomach, colorectal cancer
  47. normalize pH
    a) positive magnetic field
    b) negative magnetic field
    • neg
    • pos acidifies
  48. lower oxygenation
    a) positive magnetic field
    b) negative magnetic field
    • pos
    • neg promotes oxygenation
  49. promotes cellular edema
    a) positive magnetic field
    b) negative magnetic field
    • pos
    • neg reduces cellular edema
  50. reduce symptoms, infxn, microbial growth, pain
    a) positive magnetic field
    b) negative magnetic field
    • neg
    • positive exaggerbates
  51. promotes sleep rest and relaxation
    a) positive magnetic field
    b) negative magnetic field
    • neg
    • pos promotes wake and activity
  52. catabolic hormone release
    a) positive magnetic field
    b) negative magnetic field
    • pos
    • neg release anabolic
  53. release GH, melatonin
    a) positive magnetic field
    b) negative magnetic field
    • neg
    • these are anabolic hormones
    • pos release catabolic hormones
  54. speed electrical activity of brain
    a) positive magnetic field
    b) negative magnetic field
    • pos
    • neg slows down
  55. eliminate free radical
    a) positive magnetic field
    b) negative magnetic field
    • neg
    • pos promotes
  56. biologically normalizing
    a) positive magnetic field
    b) negative magnetic field
    • neg
    • pos disorganizes
  57. goal of naturopathy
    what is involved?
    • cure, prevent, restore
    • patient education for physical and emotional, herbal etc, therapeutic counseling
  58. you do not need licensure for naturopathy. T or F
    • F
    • need licensure
  59. what does essential nutrients mean?
    what are these?
    • those derived from food that cannot be made by the body but are absolutedly needed
    • 8 amino acids, all vitamins, 2 fatty acids (linoleninc, linoleic)
  60. what are accessory nutrients?
    • work along with the essential nutrients to convert foods into energy and to support body physical adn mental function
    • choline, inositol, PABA, bioflavonoids, aa (Ala, cys, gln, Tyr, carnitine, taurine), CoQ, digest enz, probiotics
  61. what is an approach to medicine based on the use of natural substances normally present within the human body?
    orthomolecular medicine
  62. what should you do before using orthomolecular medicine?
    • diagnostic tests to detect what molecules are needed for tx
    • 2 diff tests - potentially save life, improve health
  63. orthomolecular medicine diagnostic tests that can potentially save life
    • ESR (indicate infxn, inflam)
    • LDL
    • fibrinogen
    • homocysteine
    • blood chem panel
    • CBC
    • free T4, free T3
    • hemoglobin
  64. orthomolecular med dx test that can improve health
    • amino acids in blood
    • allergy test
    • essential fatty acids in RBC
    • organic acids in urine
    • stool analysis
    • vitamin panel, mineral panel
  65. orthomol med:
    2 conditions niacin treat
    • schizo
    • hyperlipidemia
  66. orthomol med:
    b-cartene treats...
  67. orthomol med:
    2 conditions folic acid treats
    • neural tube defect
    • cervical dysplasia
  68. orthomol med:
    iv Mg sulfate is used for..
    speed up recovery from heart attack
  69. orthomol med:
    what helps for high bp during surgery or complication of post surgery?
    • vit C, B6
    • Mg, Zn
  70. orthomol med:
    chromium used for regulate what?
    • response to sugar and insulin in diabetics
    • also lower cholesterol
  71. orthomol med:
    what to use for muscle pain, spasm, fatigue
    • Mg chloride (sulfate is for MI recovery)
    • Ca glycerophosphate
    • vitamin (B complex)
  72. orthomol med:
    what to use for ischemia or low blood flow
    • vitamin combo
    • essential fatty acids
    • Cys and Arg
  73. inspection and palpation of soft tissue is an important dx measure in...
  74. difference btwn osteopathy and chiropractice
    • chiro emphasis on spine
    • osteo primarily bone (joint and muscle)
  75. nonsurgical medical tx to facilitate the repair of injured tendon, ligament of joint by stimulating production of connective tissue (collagen).
    • prolotherapy
    • (proliferating)
  76. whats sylnasol?
    which therapy is this?
    • sodium psylliate (fatty acid from psyllium plant)
    • for varicose vein, hemorroids, close wound, stop bleed (sclerosing agent)
    • prolotherapy
  77. reflexology involves which body parts?
    • hands, feet, ears
    • zone therapy
  78. similarity and difference btwn reiki and therapeutic massage
    • both don't touch
    • talking involved in reiki
  79. what's shiatsu?
    • finger pressure
    • similiar to acupressure
  80. what do yin and yang refer to in traditional chinese med?
    • yin - tissues and organs (thyroid)
    • yang - activity (hypothyroidism)
  81. pranayama?
    controlled deep breathing in yoga
  82. asanas?
    physical posture in yoga
  83. dhayana?
    meditation in yoga
  84. yoga is used for...
    • back pain
    • tension, anxiety, epilepsy, depression
    • asthma
    • diabetes
    • alcoholism
    • osteo/rheumatoid arth
    • insomnia
    • MS
  85. use of acupuncture
    • chronic pain, smoking, alcholism, drug addiction
    • duodenal ulcer
    • NV
    • hotflash, night sweat
  86. purpose of moxibustion
    vasodilation for blood circulation
  87. aromatherapy physiological effect
    alter brain wave
  88. three diff methods of aromatherapy
    • inhalation
    • external app - MUST dilute with carrier oil
    • internal app
  89. ayurveda involves what special technique?
  90. in ayurveda, person has __ elements and __ doshas (humors)
    • 5
    • 3
  91. what are phys assessment in ayurveda?
    • heart, lung, intestine
    • pulse, tongue, eye, nail
    • urine
  92. first step of ayurveda?
    establish constitution
  93. what is biofeedback?
    self control involuntary vital functions
  94. can you use biofeedback for broken bone and slipped disc?
  95. what should you do before biofeedback?
    electrodes must be applied to check baseline via comp
  96. neurotherapy is what type of therapy?
  97. does chelation therapy have to be prescribed by a doctor?
  98. what should you do before chelation therapy? why?
    • check renal function
    • chelation eliminated via urine
  99. how do toxins bind in chelation therapy?
  100. what are examples of iv chelation
    how long should it be done over?
    • BAL(contains arsenic; dimercaprol; british anti-lewisite)
    • DMSA
    • DMPS
    • EDTA
    • slowly over 3h
  101. examples of oral chelation
    • D-penicillamine
    • L-cysteine
    • N-acetylcysteine
    • DMSA, EDTA (also avail in iv)
  102. are drugs and surgery used in chiropractice?
  103. you need licensure to practice chiro. yes?
  104. cavitation.
    which therapy?
  105. three laws of homeopathy
    • law of similium
    • law of similarity
    • law of infinitesimal
  106. what does this mean?
    drug 6C
    • C is 1:100.
    • take one part of drug, dilute 100 times.
    • repeat this for 6 times.
  107. for law of infinitesimal in homeopathy,
    what do X, C and M mean?
    • X is 1:10
    • C is 1:100
    • M is 1:1000
  108. 4 types of hydrotherapy
    • hot
    • cold
    • contrast
    • ice and contrast
  109. what enema is used before X ray? what does it do?
    • barium chloride enema
    • define edges of intestine
    • look for tumor, masses, diverticular
  110. what kind of therapy is hyperthermia?
    fever induction therapy
  111. 2 kinds of bath for hyperthermia
    • whirlpool bath
    • neutral bath
  112. what is the most powerful non-pharmacological relaxing agent available?
  113. can you see any doctor for hypnotherapy?
    no, must see a regular doctor
  114. which therapy is used for breech baby?
    • baby comes from feet frist
    • use moxibustion
  115. is prebiotic digestible? what food category is it?
    • non-digestible
    • functional food
  116. general examples of prebiotics? where found?
    • oligosaccharides
    • generally carbs found in plants
    • also some soluble fibers (pectin, gum)
  117. prebiotic only for animal
    mannan-oligosaccharide (MOS)
  118. examples of probiotics?
    • live beneficial bacteria
    • Bacillus spp
    • lactobacillus
    • bifididobacterium
    • enterococcus
    • sacharomyces (yeast)
    • streptococcus
  119. how do probiotic work on food?
    microbe convert carb to more digestible and nutritious
  120. only time probiotic is harmful?
    when people can't tolerate acidity of lactic acid
  121. fungus (probiotic) that may alleviate IBS and promote baby growth
    bifido infantis
  122. what's BLIS K12
    • oral probiotic bacteria combined witih gum
    • immune system boost
    • kill germ with acidity
  123. what's rosell-11?
    combined with cranberry as cysbiotic
  124. what's ganedenBC30?
    • combined with milk
    • probiotic
  125. bacteria source of kimchi and saurkraut
  126. sauerkraut bacteria?
    • leuconostoc
    • lactobacillus
    • pediococcus
  127. diff between tofu and tempeh
    • tofu is partial food (coagulated protein)
    • tempeh is complete food
  128. bacteria added in natto
  129. benefits of natto
    • prevent clot
    • dec cholesterol
    • degrade amyloid (good for Alzheimer)
  130. bacteria added in miso
    fugus aspergillos oryzae
  131. bacteria added in tempeh
    rhizopus oligosporus
  132. two probiotics that require important temp
    • sauerkraut - 15 deg (otherwise mushy)
    • tempeh - 35 deg (otherwise black spore patch)
  133. bacteria added in yakult
    lactobacillus casei shirota
Card Set
nutra 2
unit 8, 3, 4