MUS 101

  1. monody
    solo singing with basso continuo
  2. homophony
    all voices or lines move to new pitches at roughly the same time
  3. polyphony
    2 or more same sounding lines
  4. counterpoint
    2 or more independent musical lines
  5. imitation
    one or move voices or parts enter and duplicate at the same time
  6. binary
    2 parts (units) (A B)
  7. ternary
    3 parts music (A B B A)
  8. rondo
    back and forth (A B A C A)
  9. strophic
    hymn or carol repeated but varies by changing notes of the melody or other music
  10. theme and variation
    continually returns
  11. octave
    1st and 8th tones of the major and minor diatonic scale
  12. conjunct
    proceeds primarily by steps and without leaps
  13. disjunct
    moves primarily by leaps rather than by steps
  14. major
    • 7 note scale that ascends of whole and 1/2 steps:
    • 1-1-1/2-1-1-1-1-1/2
  15. minor
    • 7 note scale that ascends of whole and 1/2 steps:
    • 1-1/2-1-1-1/2-1-1
  16. antecedent
    the opening incomplete sounding phrase of a melody
  17. consequent
    2nd phrase of a 2 part melodic unit that brings a melody to a repose and closure
  18. phrase
    self contained portion of a melody, theme or tune
  19. tempo
    the speed at which the beats occur in music
  20. syncopation
    the natural accent falling on a strong beat is displaced to a weak beat or between the beats
  21. Gregorian chant
    a body of unaccompanied monophonic vocal music set to Latin texts
  22. chanson
    a lyrical song form the Middle Ages into the 20th century
  23. troubadour
    poet musician that flourished in northern France in the 12th and 13th centuries
  24. trouvere
    poet musician that flourished in northern France in the 13th and 14th centuries
  25. counter reformation
    fostered the return in the Roman Catholic church in response to the challenge of the Protestant Reformation
  26. council of trent
    2 decades long conference which led to the Reform of the Roman Catholic Church
  27. madrigal
    genre of secular vocal music that originated in Italy during the Renaissance
  28. madrigalism
    a device by which key words in a text spark musical settings
  29. word painting
    depicting the text in music by means of expressive musical devices
  30. motet
    a composition for choir or larger chorus often sung a cappella
  31. forte
    (f) musical notation indicating "loud"
  32. piano
    (p) musical notation indicating "soft"
  33. vibrato
    slight and continual wobbling of the pitch produced on a string instrument
  34. trill
    a rapid alternation of 2 neighboring pitches
  35. a capella
    unaccompanied vocal music
  36. triad
    chord consisting of 3 pitches and 2 intervals of a third
  37. arpeggio
    the notes of a triad and 7th chord played in direct succession
  38. consonance
    pitches sounding agreeable and stable
  39. dissonance
    a discordant mingling of sounds
Card Set
MUS 101