ap gov the congress

  1. Constituent
    one of the persons represented by a legislator or other elected appointed official
  2. bicameralism
    the division of a legislature into two seperate assemblies
  3. lawmaking
    the process of establishing the legal rules that govern society
  4. logrolling
    an arrangement in which two or more members of congress agree in advance to support each other's bills
  5. representation
    the function of members of congress as elected officials representing the views of their constituents
  6. trustee
    a legislator who acts according to her or his conscience and the broad interests of the entire society
  7. instructed delegate
    a legislator who is an agent of the voters who elected him or her and who votes according to the views of constituents regardless of personal beliefs
  8. casework
    personal work for constituents by members of Congress
  9. ombudsperson
    a person who hears and investigates compaints by private individuals against public officials or agencies
  10. oversight
    the process by which Congress follows up on laws it has enacted to ensure that they are being enforced and administered in the way Congress intended.
  11. agenda setting
    determining which public policy questions will be debated or considered
  12. enumerated power
    power specifically granted to the national government by the constitution. the first 17 clauses of article I, section 8, speicify most of the enumerated powers of congress
  13. rules committee
    a standing committee of the house of representatives that provides special rules under which specific bills can be debated, amended, and considered by the house
  14. filibuster
    the use of the senates tradition of unlimited debate as a delaying tactic to block a bill
  15. reappointment
    allocation of seats in the house of representatives to each state after each census
  16. redistricting
    redrawing of the boundaries of the congressional districts within each state
  17. justiciable question
    question that may be raised and reviewed in court
  18. franking policy that enables members of congress to send material through the mail by substituting their facsimile signature for postage
  19. discharge petition
    procedure by which a bill in the house may be forced out of a committee that has refused to report it for consideration by the house. the petition must be signed by an absolute majority of representatives and is used only on rare occassions.
  20. standing committee
    permanent committee in the house or senate that considers bills within a certain subject area
  21. select committee
    temporary legislative committee established for a limited time period and for a special purpose
  22. joint committee
    legislative committee composed of members from both chambers of congress
  23. conference committee
    legislative committee composed of members from both chambers
  24. conference committee
    special joint committee appointed to reconcile differences when bills pass the two chambers in different forms
  25. safe seat
    district that returns a legislator with 55 percent of the vote or more
  26. conservative coalition
    alliance of republicans and southern democrats that can form in the house or the senate to oppose liberal legislation and support conservative legislation
  27. executive budget
    budget prepared and submitted byt the president to congress
  28. fiscal year
    12 month period that is used for bookkeeping, or accounting, purposes. usually, the fiscal year does not coincide with the calender year. For example, the federal government's fiscal year runs from 10/1 to 9/30
  29. spring review
    annual process in which the office of management aqnd budget requires federal agencies to review their programs, activites, and goals and submit their requests for funding for the next fiscal year
  30. fall review
    process in which the office of management and budget, after recieving formal federal agency requests for funding for the nextFY, reviers the requests, makes changes, and submits its recommendations to the president
  31. authorization
    fomal declaration by a legislative committee that a certain amount of funding may be available to an agency. some authorizations terminate in a year; others are rewable automatically without further congressional action
  32. appropriation
    the passage by congress of a spending bill specifying the amount of authorized funds that actually will be allocated for an agencys use
  33. first budget resolution
    resolution passed by congress in may that sets overall revenue and spending goals for the following FY
  34. second budget resolution
    passed by congress in september that sets "binding" limits on taxes and spending for the following FY
  35. continueing resolution
    temporary funding law tha tcongress passes when an appropriations bill has not been decided by the beginning of the new FY on october 1
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ap gov the congress
ap government the congress