intro to sociology

  1. credential societies
    siplomas determine jobs eligibilty

    • -dipomas serve as sorting devices
    • -credential societies are usually industrialized societies
  2. community college
    • learn a trade in 2 years
    • -affordable
    • -not ready for a 4 year college
    • -helps esl students learn english.
  3. mainstreaming
    includes students in specaial ed into regualr ed classes.

  4. Education around the world

    Japan (industrialized nations eastern)
    • -works as a team
    • -discourage competition amoong inviduals
    • -children study same thing everyday same textbooks.
  5. education around the world

    Russia (industrialized nations)
    • before
    • -capitaliziam is evil
    • -college was free
    • -oral exam

    • after
    • -private schoola nd religous school were aloud.
    • -no$ for teachers
    • -think for themselves
  6. education around the world

    Egypt (3rd world)
    • -school is not emphasized
    • -most children work on land and take care of families.
    • -most students do not go beyond 2nd grade.
  7. education around the world

    U.S.A (western)
    • -indvidulization is encourged
    • -schools have sports and extracrutual activies
    • -take S.A.Ts to get into college
  8. gatekepping
    determing which people will take enter what occupation
  9. tracking
    sorting students into differnt groups. (cats,dogs,rabits)
  10. replacing family functions at school
    free breakfast, discouted lunches, after care, extracturclar, concling, sex edu and birth control given at school.
  11. home schooling
    more then 1 million children are being homeschooled today.

    90% by the mother

    scored higher from one on one attenion
  12. tilting the test:discrimintion by I.Q
    asking question to students they have no knowage on.
  13. self -fulling prophecy
    differnt groups and differnt levels
  14. poor family
    children have lower I.Q scores
  15. mediocrity
    dumbing down the S.A.Ts from 1996-1997 because of low scores
  16. grade inflation
    teacher graded twice as much Cs as As.
  17. social promotion
    passing students from one grade to the next even though they have not mastered it(fail twice move on)
  18. functional illiteracy
    high school graduates haveing difficalty with ready and writing
  19. religion
    a system of belives and practece whice unite in a church
  20. 3 elements of religion
    • -beliefs-some things are sacred
    • -practices-centering on things considered sacred
    • -moral community resulting-a groups belifs and practices
  21. religion functions
    • -answering question about the ultimate meaning of life.
    • -social solidarity
    • -emotional comfort
    • -provideds guidelines for everyday life
    • - there are also dysfunction of religions including: war and terrorism and religious persecution.
  22. more people who go to church every sunday
    are less liky to abuse drugs
  23. religious symbols
    cross for christians

    star for jewsih

    moon for muslusms
  24. types of religiuos groups

    • -begains with charismatic leader
    • -most popular regligions started this way
    • -religious fervor is high
    • -most cults fail
    • -if survive often form:sects
  25. types of religious groups

    • -loosely organized and fairly small
    • -emphasize personal salvation
    • -some sects remain sects and never turn into churches (Amish)
  26. types of religious groups

    • -highly bureaucratized
    • -national and international
    • -reationships with god less intense
  27. types of religious groups

    • -state religions
    • -part of cultural indenification
  28. religion in the u.s
    • -the hour between 10 and 11 am on sundays has been referred to as the most segregated hour in the u.s
    • -religious participation goes up as ones ages.
    • -94% of american beieve that there is a god.
  29. the future of religion
    • -religion thrives
    • -people will always ponder the purpose of life.
    • -science cannot tell us about
    • *the existence of god
    • *the purpose of life
    • *an after life
    • *morality
Card Set
intro to sociology
chapter 13