intro to sociology

  1. family
    related by blood, marriage or adoption
  2. house hold
    people who live together
  3. nuclear family
    husband, wife and their immediate children
  4. extended family
    nuclear family plus grandparents cousins and other relatives living in the same house hold or nearby
  5. family orientation
    family a person grows up
  6. family procreation
    family formed when a couple has their first child
  7. descent
    patrilineal- fathers side

    matrilineal-mothers side

    bilineal-fathers and mothers side
  8. betrolthal
    arranged engament
  9. marriage
    a group approved mating arragement marked by a ritual.
  10. second shirt
    (hosechild) many dual earned family today but women still pull the second shirt leaving many women sissatisfied with their marriage
  11. balance between power in marriage
    led to the rising divorce rate
  12. family 6 functions
    • 1. economic production
    • 2. socialization of children
    • 3. care of the sick and aged
    • 4. recreation
    • 5. sexual control
    • 6. reprodction
  13. romantic love
    people being sexually attracted to one another and idealizing each other.
  14. endogramy
    marriage in the u.s
  15. polygamy
    man having many wives
  16. polonamy
    women having many husbans
  17. homosamy
    marrying someone life yourself

    93% of americans marry same race.
  18. union
    same-sex marriage
  19. daycare
    amount of course the staff has taken in early child care.
  20. nanny
    one on one care, cares in own home, less likely to get sick, parents seem to get jelouse of the nanny
  21. working class parents
    more likly to spank children

    from high supervision at work
  22. boomerang children
    move out and come back 42% of people in there late 20s still live with parents
  23. single parent family
    mostlikly to be poor, the number of single parent families especially heady by women has increased in large numbers since 1950.

    1 out of 5 babies are born to an unwed mother.
  24. families without children
    married couple who are making the decision not have any children has increased. the biggest reason is freedom from responsibility.
  25. D.I.N.K
    "dual income no kids"

    you can have kids or you can have anuthing else.

    20% of married couples are un able to conseve.
  26. blended families
    families whose members were once part of other families. this number has risen as divorce rates have increased.
  27. postponing marriage and childbirth
    the average age of first time grooms in now 29 and for the fist time brides is 27, an increase of 5 years since 1950. this average age of first time mothers is now about 29.
  28. cohabitation
    2/3 of marriage couple have lived together before they got married. the studies of cohbiation couples and marital success is not positive.
  29. unmarried mothers
    this refers to mothers in cohabitative relationships and has risen along with cohobitation
  30. grandparents as parents
    more grandparents are fulfilling the parental role as more parents are working
  31. sandwich generation
    families who are taking care of their children and their parents at the same time: often this responsibilty is taken by the daughters
  32. divorce
    rates rose between 1950-1980 since then the number have leveled off.

    increased because of changing norms, less stigma, and governmental policies

    effects of divorce on children are varied.
  33. serial fatherhood
    father who keep contact with their children for about a year after a divorce, get remarried, and refocus their attention to the " new family.
  34. remarriage
    most peopel who get divorced will remarry within 3 years.

    children brought into remarriage divorce is likely.

    biggest problem, according to step parents , is discipline

    boundary ambiquily ccan lead to problems in blending families.
  35. child abuse
    the majority of vicims are children under the age of 6

    • -neglect is the most common form
    • -emotional and physical abuse(other forms)
  36. spousal abuse
    more man than women are the perpetrators of spousal abuse

    -women stay in abusive relationships for various reason..lack of resouces , fear of retaliation,salvation ethnic and blamming themselves.

    -police respone to abuse has changed in recent years
  37. The bright side of successful marriage
    • - thinking of their spouse as their bestfriend
    • - laughter
    • -share same goals
    • -think of marriage of being sacred
    • -think of marriage as a long-term commitment.
  38. the future of marriage and family
    no danger of becoming a relic

    cohabitation,single mothers,age at marriage, grandparents as parents will increase

    equality in marriage not on horizon.

    marriages are happier when they get along with inlaws
  39. ex-spouses
    x's stay friends after divorse or kids and favors around the house.
Card Set
intro to sociology
chapter 12