Composition and Lit test 1

  1. The Appointment in Sammara
    W. Somerset Maugham
  2. Godfather Death
    Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm
  3. A&P
    John Updike
  4. Fiction
    name for stories not entirely factual but at least partly shaped made up imagined
  5. fable
    a brief story that sets forth some pointed statement of truth
  6. moral
    a message sometimes stated in the end
  7. dramatic situation
    a person is involved in some conflict
  8. exposition
    the opening portion that sets the scene, introduces the main character tells, tells us what happened before the story opened and provides any other background info that we need in order to understand or care aout the events to follow
  9. complication
    a conflict
  10. protagonist
    a better term than a hero for it may apply equally as well to a central character who is not especially brave or virtuous
  11. suspense
    the pleasurable anxiety we feel that heightens our attention to the story in heres ino our wondering how it will turn out
  12. antagonist
    a person who is opposed to struggles against or competes with another opponent or protagonist
  13. foreshadowing
    indication of whats to come
  14. crisis
    moment of high tension
  15. climax
    the moment of greatest tension at which the outcome will be decided
  16. conclusion
    • Or resolution
    • it is the outcome
  17. plot
    artistic arrangement of events
  18. in medias res
    "in the midst of things" skipping the exposition and first presenting some exciting or significant moment then filling in what happened earlier
  19. flashback
    or retrospect, a scene relived in characters memory
  20. summary
    terse general narration
  21. short story
    a form more realistic than the tale and of modern origin the writer usually presents the main events in greater fullness
  22. scene
    a vivid or dramatic moment described in enough detail to create the illusion that the reader is practically there
  23. epiphany
    some moment of insight discovery or revelation by which a chatacters life or view of life is greatly altered
  24. story of initiation
    short stories that tell of a character initiated into experience or maturity
  25. epiphany
    • somemoment of insight discovery or revelation by which a chatacters life or view of
    • life is greatly altered
  26. story of initiation
    short stories that tell of a character initiated into experience or maturity
  27. narrator
  28. point of view
    • identify the narrator of a story describing any part he or she plays in the events and
    • any limits placed on his or her knowledge
  29. participant
    • when the narrator tells the events of the story, he or she is the dramatized
    • character who says "I"
  30. observer
    • a minor character standing a little to one side watching a story unfold that
    • mainly involves someone else
  31. nonparticipant
    does not appear in the story as a character
  32. all knowing or omniscient
    • the narrator sees into the minds of all or some of the characters moving when
    • necessary from one to another
  33. editorial omniscience
    adding an occasional comment or opinion
  34. impartial omniscience
    • presents the thoughts and actionf of the character but des not judge them or comment on
    • them
  35. limited or selective omniscience
    • when a nonparticipating narrator sees events through the eyes of a single character
    • wether a major or minor one
  36. objective point of view
    narrator does not enter the mind of any character but describes events from the outside
  37. innocent or naive narrator
    character who fails to understand all the implications of the story
  38. unreliable narrator
    • point of view that of a person who we percieve is deceptive seld deceptive or
    • deranged
  39. stream of conciousness
    • coined by psych william james to describe the procession of thoughts passing through
    • the mind
  40. interior monologue
    • an extended presentation of chatacters thoughts in an arrangement as if the
    • character were speaking out loud to himself for us to hear
  41. total omniscience
    knowledge of all the minds of the characters has its disadvantages
  42. A rose for emily
    william faulkner
  43. First Confession
    Frank O'Connor
  44. The Jilting of Granny Witherall
    Katherine anne Porter
  45. Cathedral
    Raymond Carver
  46. A Good Man is Hard to Find
    Flannery O'Connor
  47. The Storm
    Kate Chopin
  48. The Story of an Hour
    Kate Chopin
  49. Greasy Lake
    T. Coragnessan Boyle
  50. A Clean Well Lighted Place
    Ernest Hemingway
  51. stock characters
    stereotyped character often known by some outstanding trait
  52. character
    an imagined person who inhabits story
  53. motivation
    sufficient reason to behave as they do
  54. flat character
    only have 1 outstanding feature
  55. round character
    present more facts- author portrays them in greater depth and detail
  56. static character
    fixed character
  57. dynamic character
    a changing character
  58. allusion
    • making reference to some famous person place or thing in history other ficion or
    • actuallity
  59. antihero
  60. protagonist lacking one or more usual attributes of a traditional hero
  61. gratuitous act
    a deed with out cause or motive
  62. setting
    time and place
  63. locale
    where story takes place
  64. naturalism
    • fiction of grim realsm observing character as products and victims of environment and
    • heredity
  65. tone
    whatever leads us to infer the authors attitude
  66. style
    individual traits or characteristics of a piece of writing
  67. diction
    choice of words
  68. minimalists
    realistic fiction
  69. Barn Burning
    • William
    • Faulkner
  70. Initiation stories
  71. first confession
    • greasy lake
    • a&p
    • cathedral
    • barnburning
  72. stories told in
    stream of conciousness
    • barnburning
    • jilting of granny witherall
Card Set
Composition and Lit test 1
literary terms, authors, details