One central stock stem but several leaves coming off sides in even or odd numbers.
Multi stems with individual leaves but one bud as base of branch. Such as pyracantha.
Palm leaves, chaste tree, marijuana leaves.
Alternate attachment leaves
Leaves are attached on a alternate pattern and not lined up with each other.
Opposite attachment leaves
Two leaves are attached on either side of the branch with each having its own bud.
Whorled leaf attachment
3 or more leaves are attached in a spiral pattern at node with each having their own bud.
Entire leaf margin
smooth, without teeth
Toothed leaf margin
Pointed or jagged tips on edge of margin
Lobed leaf margin
Deep indentation in a simple leaf.
Sinuous leaf margin
Leaf margin has a wave to it. As if the outside margin is larger than the rest of leaf.
Cordate leaf shape
Heart shaped with a notch at the base
Linear leaf shape
Long narrrow leaf
Lanceolate leaf shape
fat at one end and narrowing at tip. Opposite of Oblanceolate
Oblanceolate leaf shape
Narrow at base and widening towards tip. Opposite of Lanceolate
Ovate leaf shape
Egg shaped, oval. Can be narrowing at both ends but leaf is primarily oval in overall shape, but wider at base.
Obovate leaf shape
Primarily oval in shape but more narrow at base.
Small winged looking leafs at the leaf node on roses.
Short stems that come to a sharp point on end. Can have leaves when younger.
What is found on roses. Formed on branch with exterior cell tissues. Not actual part of branch.
Level below Kingdom.
12 total all ending with ophyta
Level below Divisions
always end with opsida
Produce no flowers but do have cones.
Flower in parts of three
parallel leaf venation
Flower in parts of 4's or 5's
branched or net leaf venation
Includes most species of flowering herbs, shrubs and trees.
diffuse secondary growth
The inside growth of a palm tree.
Adventatious root initiation zone
The area at the base of a palm tree where the root zone is.
The portion of the plant axis bearing nodes.
Stolon, Rhizome, bulb, tuber
Horizontal stem above ground for rooting and propagation
Underground stem, such as with agave.
A bulging root zone that can reproduce such a potatoes and dahlias
A complete plant in a small bulb.
Main leader or central stem is dominant, causing lower branches to remain shorter. As the tree grows the further away from the main apical dominant leader the branches can grow outward. Causing a pyramid shape.