Cardiovascular System

  1. Major parts of the CV system
    Heart, blood vessels, blood
  2. LX of heart
    Between lungs and about dyaphram
  3. Atria or Atrium
    • upper champer- all vessels coming into the heart go to the artium
    • the recieving champer of the heart are the atrium chamber
  4. interartial septum
    seperating wall b/w the 2 atria
  5. ventricles
    • lower champer of the heart, pumping champer
    • all the vessels that leave the heart come from the ventricles
  6. interventricular septum
    wall that seperates the right and left ventricles
  7. cardiac apex
    a narrow tip of the heart
  8. ventricul/o
  9. heart valves
    control the flow of blood through the heart
  10. tricuspid valve
    controls the opening b/w the right atrium and right ventrical
  11. pulmonary semilunar valve
    located b/w the right ventical and the pulmonary artery
  12. mitral valve or bicuspid valve
    located b/w the left artium and the left ventrical
  13. aortic semilunar valve
    located b/w the left ventrical and the aorta
  14. valv/o and valvul/o
  15. conduction system
    • the starting and spredding contracting impulses
    • made of four masses of specialized cells
  16. Sinoatrial
    • SA node
    • measures P atrium
  17. Atrioventricular node
    • AV node
    • measures Q atrium
  18. Bundle of his
    • AV bundle
    • Measures atrium QRS
  19. Purkinje fibers
    measures atrium T
  20. Order of conduction System
    • SA node
    • AV node
    • AV bundle
    • PJ
  21. Lubb sound
    when the vessels slam shut b/w the artria and ventricles closer of the tricuspid and the mitrovalve and the beginning
  22. Dupp Sound
    at the end of systolic- shorter and higher pitched, caused by the semilunlar valve that are closingin the aorta and pulmonary arties
  23. Pulmonary Circulation
    includes the flow of blood through the right ventrical, pulmonary arterial system, lungs, left atrium, and pulmonary venus system
  24. systemic circulation
    blood flow to all parts of the body except the lungs; including arties, veins, and capillaries
  25. arteries
    • large vessels that carry blood away from the heart to all regions of the body
    • contains oxygen, nutrients, and other vital products
  26. angio/o and vas/o
    vessels or blood
  27. arti/o
  28. aorta
    largest artiery of the heart, begins at the left ventrical of the heart
  29. arter/o
  30. endarterial
    pert. to interior of the artery
  31. coronary artery
    branches from the aorta. supplies blood to the heart muscle
  32. coron/o
    crown, coronary
  33. arterioles
    • smaller branches of the artery. thinner than the arteries
    • carries blood to capillaries
  34. -ary
    pert. to
  35. capillaries
    the exchange of gases in the lunges takes place b/w the aveoli and the capillaries
  36. veins
    low-pressure collecting system, returns waste filled blood to the heart
  37. ven/o and phleb/o
  38. venules
    small veins that join together to form veins
  39. venae cavae
  40. foramen ovale
    small opening in the artial septum of the fetus that closes immediatly after birth
  41. electrocaridography
    • EKG
    • recording of the electical activity of the myocardium
  42. subtraction
    imagining technic used to display soft tissue structures such as blood vessels w/o confessing overlay of the bone images
  43. phoncardiography
    the graft that repel heart sounds
  44. capillary puncture
    finger stick
  45. Congestive heart failure
    condition where theres abnormal fluid retention where the heart is unable to maintain enough circulation
  46. infarct
    localized area of necrosis in an organ or tissue caused by an interruption of blood supply
  47. angina
    sufficating pain, caused by lack of supply of oxygen to the myocardium
  48. ishemic heart disease
    conditionof myocardium caused by a lack of oxygen reaching the tissue cells
  49. isch/o
    deficiency of blood supply to circulatlory obstuct
  50. transient ischemic attact (TIA)
    temp. interruption in the blood supply to the brain
  51. bacterial endocarditis
    bacteria is the most common cause if the infection of endocarditis
  52. mital stenosis
    obstuction of the mital valve
  53. rheumatic heart disease
    caused by the disease rheumatic fever w/ damage done to the valve
  54. cardiac arrhythmia
    dysrrhythmia- abnormal heart rhyms
  55. palpitation
    pounding or racing of the heart
  56. fibrillation
    rapid, random, ineffective contraction
  57. fibrill/o
    muscular twitting; quivering, shivering and muscular contractions
  58. flutter
    artial contractions are rapid but regular
  59. paroxysmal tachycardis
    a fast heart beat of a sudden onset
  60. paroxysmal
    spasm or convulsion
  61. cornonary artery disease
    abnormal condition that effects the arteries of the heart caused by plaque; usu. get angina w/ CAD
  62. peripheral vascular disease
    abnormal condition that effects the blood vessels outside the heart; lymphatic vessels
  63. angiitis
    inflammion of blood or lymph vessel
  64. ather/o
  65. aneurysm
    locatized ballooning which causes an enlargement of the artery
  66. -spasm
    involuntary contraction
  67. coarctaction
    narrowing of any blood vessel, esp. the aorta
  68. hemangiom
    tumor made up of newly formed blood
  69. varicose veins
    swallon veins
  70. thrombosis
    • condition in which a blood clot formed attached to the internal way of the artery embolus
    • drugs used to destroy clot and tissue plasmicatic activate (TPA)
  71. coronary thrombosis
    block and demage of the heart caused by a blood clot
  72. patent/ patency
    open vessel
  73. embolism
    any type of forgein object- air, gas, piece of tissue
  74. embolus
    a mass of undesolved matter circulating until it becomes lodged in a vessel
  75. Raynoud's Phenomenon
    consists of attaches of pailness, cyanosis, and redness of the fingers and toes usu. indicated by emotion, stress, or cold temp.
  76. hypoperfusion
    defisiatence of blood passing through an organ or body part
  77. -crasia
    mixture or blending
  78. epistaxis
  79. hematemesis
    throwing up of blood
  80. septicemia
    blood poisoning
  81. hemophilia
    lack of the factors that are needed to clot blood
  82. cholesteral and triglycerides
    together the combind w/ protein to form lipoprotein; liver cynthosises
  83. albumin/o
  84. bilirubin/o
    orange or yellowish pigment in the bile
  85. aplastic anemia
    absence of a formet blood element
  86. hemolytic anemia
    shortened survival of red blood cells
  87. thalassema
    short lived red blood cells
  88. iron deficiency anemia
    not enough iron in body
  89. sickle- cell anemia
    genetic defect of the hemoglobin causing a sickle shape
  90. essential hypertension
    primary or idopathic
  91. secondary hypertension
    BP can be controlled once problem is cured
  92. malignant hypertension
    sudden onset of high blood pressure, damage to blood vessels such as brain, retina
  93. antihypertensive
    used to lower BP
  94. hemostasis
    contol bleed
  95. carotid endarterectomy
    removal of the lining of hte neck artery
  96. anastomosis
    surgical joining of ducts or blood vessesl
  97. phelbotomy
    incison into vein to draw blood or start IV
  98. defibrillation
    electrical shock through the chest wall to restore normal rhythm
  99. tourniquet
    constricting band
  100. plasmapheresis
    procedure of seperation of plasma from elements of the blood
  101. anitcoagulant
    slows blood cloting and prevents new clots
  102. prophylactic
    • antibotic used to stop infection before minor surgeries
    • ex. rootcanal, tooth surgery
Card Set
Cardiovascular System
Caridovascular MT