term chap 9.txt

  1. nephrologist
    physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the kidneys
  2. urologist
    physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the urinary system of females and the genitourinary (both genital and urinary organs) system of males
  3. genitourinary
    • refers to both the genital and urinary organs
    • MT?
  4. uremia
    toxic condition resulting from renal failure in which kidney function is compromised and urea is retained in the blood
  5. nephrotic syndrome
    condition in which very high levels of protein are lost in the urine and abnormally low levels of protein are present in the blood
  6. anuria
    absence of urine formation by the kidney
  7. hyperproteinuria
    presence of abnormally high concentrations of protein in the urine
  8. hypoproteinemia
    presence of abnormally low concentrations of protein in the blood
  9. hydronephrosis
    dilation of one or both kidneys
  10. nephrectasis
    distention of the pelvis of the kidney
  11. glomerulonephritis
    type of disease caused by inflammation of the glomeruli that causes red blood cells and protens to leak into the urine
  12. nephroptosis also known as?
    • floating kidney
    • MT?
  13. nephroptosis
    prolapse ( slipping or falling out of place) of a kidney
  14. nephropyosis
    suppuration (formation or discharge of pus) of the kidney
  15. polycystic kidney disease
    genetic disorder characterized by the growth of numerous fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys
  16. Wilms tumor
    malignant tumor of the kidney that occurs in younch children
  17. nephrolithiasis
    presence of stones in the kidney
  18. nephrolith also known as?
    • kidney stone
    • MT?
  19. nephrolith
    stone found in the kidney
  20. ureterolith
    stone located anywhere along the ureter
  21. cystolith
    stone located within the urinary bladder
  22. hydroureter
    distention (increase in size) of the ureter with urine that cannot flow because the ureter is blocked
  23. ureterectasis
    distention (enlargement) of a ureter
  24. ureterorrhagia
    discharge of blood from the ureter
  25. urethritis
    inflammation of the urethra
  26. cystitis
    inflammation of he bldder
  27. cystocele also known as?
    • fallen bladder
    • MT?
  28. cystocele
    hernia (slip) of the bladder through the vaginal wall
  29. interstitial cystitis
    chronic inflammation within the walls of the bladder
  30. vesicovaginal fistula
    abnormal opening between the bladder and the vagina that allows the constant flow of urine from the bladder into the vagina
  31. fistula
    abnormal pssage between two internal organs
  32. neurogenic bladder
    urniary problem caused by interference with the normal nerve pathways associated with urination
  33. urethrorrhagia
    bleeding from the urethra
  34. urethrostenosis
    narrowing of the urethra
  35. epispadias
    congenital abnormality of the urethral opening. male located surface of penis. female: opening is in the region of the clitoris
  36. hypospadias
    congenital abnormality of the urethral opening. male: under surface of penis. female: urethral opening into the vagina
  37. benign prostatic hypertorphy
    abnormal enlargement of the prostate gland that occurs most ften in men over 50
  38. prostatism
    condition of having symptoms resulting from compression or obstruction of the urethra due to benign prostatic hypertrophy
  39. word part for kidney?
    • nephro/o; ren/o
    • meaning?
  40. pyel/o
    • renal pelvis
    • WP?
  41. word part for urine?
    • ur/o; urin/o
    • meaning?
  42. ureter/o
    • ureters
    • WP?
  43. diuresis
    abnormal condition of increased output of urine
  44. enuresis
    involuntary discharge of urine
  45. nocturnal enuresis
    urinary incontinence during sleep
  46. nocturnal enuresis is also known as?
    • bed-wetting
    • MT?
  47. nocturia
    excessive urination during the night
  48. oliguria
    means scanty (few) urination
  49. polyuria
    excessive urniation
  50. incontinence
    inability to control the excretion of urine and feces
  51. catheterization
    insertion of a tube into the bladder in order to procure a sterile specimen for diagnostic purposes
  52. cystoscopy
    visual examination of the urinary bladder using a cystoscope
  53. intravenous pyelogram
    radiographic study of the kidneys and ureters
  54. voiding cystourethrography
    diagnostic procedure in which a flouroscope is used to examine the flow of urine from the bladder and through the urethra
  55. prostate-specific antigen
    blood test is sued to screen for prostate cancer
  56. PSA test
    • prostate-specific antigen
    • Abbrev?
  57. dialysis
    procedure to remove waste products from the blood of a patient whose kidneys no longer function
  58. hemodialysis
    process by which waste products are filtered directly from the patients blood
  59. peritoneal dialysis
    lining of the peritoneal cavvity acts as the filter to remove waste from the blood
  60. nephrolysis
    freeing of a kidney from adhesions
  61. nephrostomy
    establishment of an opening from the pelvis
  62. pyeloplasty
    surgical repair of the renal pelvis
  63. pyelotomy
    surgical incision into the renal pelvis
  64. extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy
    destructioon of stone with the use of high-energy ultrasoic waves traveling through water or gel
  65. ESWL
    • extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy
    • Abbrev?
  66. precutaneous nephrolithotomy
    performed by make a small incision in the back and inserting a nephroscope to crush and remove a kidney stone
  67. ureterorrhaphy
    surgical suturing of a ureter
  68. cystopexy
    surgical fixation of the bladder to the abdominal wall
  69. lithotomy
    surgical incision for the removal of a stone from the bladder
  70. suprapubic catheterization
    placement of a catheter into the bldder through a small incision made through the abdominal wall just above the pubic bone
  71. urethropexy
    surgical fixation of the urethra
  72. urethrostomy
    surgical creation of a premanent opening between the urethra and the skin
  73. ablation
    term used to describe some tpes of treatment of prostate cancer, describes the removal of a body part or the destruction of its function by surgery, hormones, drugs, heat, chemicals, electrocautery, or other methods
  74. meat
    • meatus
    • WP?
  75. BPH
    • Benign prostatic hypertrophy
    • Abbrev
  76. Cath
    • Catheterization
    • Abbrev
  77. CRF
    • Chronic renal failure
    • Abbre
  78. Cysto
    • Cystoscoy
    • Abbrev
  79. IVP
    Intravenous pyelogram
  80. PKD
    Polycystic kidney disease
  81. UTI
    Urinary tract infection
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term chap 9.txt