Industrialism/Nationalism Test

  1. explain the agricultural revolution and its part in the industrial revolution
    england developed agricultural tech. with raised food production, pop. rose on farms which led to over crowding causing many farmers to leave and go to cities
  2. why did the industrial revolution start in great britian
    right natural resources, harbors, RR, workers, capital for investment, and political stability
  3. desribe the working and living conditions of the industrial period and it led to new laws and unions
    • -children working with dangerous machines
    • -worked very long hours for little pay and beat the workers to keep them awake
    • -very dangerous and no such thing as workmans comp or insurance
    • -air quality was terrible-dark, cold, and hot

    -unions formed to fight for better working conditions
  4. explain how the industrial revolution affected global politics
    • -world split in 2 groups
    • -industrialized-u.s, g.b., and w. euro
    • -non indust.-everyone else
    • -led to colonization as indust. nations overtook non indust. nations making them colonies
    • -led to emperialism as indust. nations made empires out of colonies
    • -led to mercantilism
  5. explain the new economic theories that developed during the time of industrialization
    • -capitalism (Adam Smith)-buisnesses compete over customers (free market), gov. stays out
    • -utilitarianism (Jeremy Bentham)-controlled capitalism based on whats good for most ppl
    • -socialism-means of production are shared by everyone by way of gov.
  6. karl marx
    -developed communism in his book Communist Manifesto
  7. communism
    no private property, everything is owned by the ppl and distributed by the gov
  8. proletariate
  9. sam slater
    -came to america with plans for a textile machine
  10. war of 1812
    • -caused american indust. to explode
    • -due to blockades bcs of war we were unable to trade for goods and had to make it themselves
  11. urbanization
    -ppl moving into cities
  12. flying shuttle and spinning jenny
    -used to make yarn and turn it into cloth
  13. agricultural revolution
    -england developed agricultural technology which increased food production causing overcrowding causing farmers to leave for the cities
  14. strike
    -refusal to work
  15. collective bargaining
    -right to negotiate as a group rather than as an individual
  16. unions
    -groups of workers that joined together to fight for better working conditions
  17. industrialization
    -factories would mass produce products unsing factories and machines
  18. nationalism
    extreme loyalty to & love of your cultural group
  19. nation-state
    -a cultural group that has its independent gov.
  20. name several examples of nationalistic revolutions
    • -belgium vs. dutch
    • -poland vs. russia
    • -italy, bohemia, germany, hungary, slavs vs austria hungary
  21. kaiser wilhelm
    -leader of prussia with a constitution monarchy
  22. otto von bismarck
    prime minister of german parliament
  23. explain how the powers of euro. shifted between 1815 and 1870
    5 great powers (prussia, russia, g.b., a-h, and france) went too two (g.b. and prussia)
  24. locke
    • -believed in natural right of life, liberty and property
    • -gov. was expected to protect these rights or be overthrown
  25. voltaire
    • -believed in existence of individual freedoms
    • -affected first amendment
  26. beccaria
    • -rights of the accused
    • -affected amendments 4-8
  27. montesquieu
    -seperation of powers and checks and balances
  28. hobbes
    -powerful central gov. to keep people in check
Card Set
Industrialism/Nationalism Test
test of industrialism and nationalism