1. 1. The Depression of the 1890s and episodes like the Pullman Strike made the election of 1896 become
    A) a battle between down-and-out workers and farmers and establishment conservatives.
  2. 2. As president, William McKinley can best be described as
    A) cautious and conservative.
  3. 3. The Sherman Anti-Trust Act was at first primarily used to curb the power of
    B) labor unions.
  4. 4. The steel industry owed much to the inventive genius of
    B) Henry Bessemer.
  5. 5. The first major product of the oil industry was
    A) kerosene.
  6. 6. Cities like Denver and San Francisco did serve as a major �safety valve� by providing
    C) a home for failed farmers and miners.
  7. 7. William Jennings Bryan gained the presidential nomination of the Democratic party primarily because
    D) he eloquently supported the farmers' demand for the unlimited coinage of silver.
  8. 8.The first federal regulatory agency designed to protect public interest from business practice was the
    B)Interstate Commerce Commission.
  9. 9.By 1900, advocates of women's suffrage
    D)argued the vote would enable women to extend roles as mothers and homemakers to the public.
  10. 10.The Darwinian theory of organic evolution through natural selection affected American religion by
    B)creating a split between religious conservatives who denied evolution and �accomodationists� who supported it.
  11. 11. During the 1892 presidential election, large numbers of southern white farmers refused to desert the Democratic Party and support the Populist Party because
    C) the history of racial division in the region made it hard to cooperate with blacks.
  12. 12. Most New Immigrants
    B) tried to preserve their Old Country culture in America.
  13. 13. After the Civil War, the plentiful supply of unskilled labor in the United States
    A) helped to build the nation into an industrial giant.
  14. 14. The Dawes Severalty Act was designed to promote Indian
    C) assimilation.
  15. 15. Black leader Dr. W. E. B. Du Bois
    A) demanded complete equality for African Americans.
  16. 16. In the election of 1896, the major issue became
    E) free and unlimited coinage of silver.
  17. 17. In the last decades of the nineteenth century, the volume of agricultural goods __________, and the price received for these goods __________.
    A) increased; decreased
  18. 18. The Morrill Act of 1862
    E) granted public lands to states to support higher education.
  19. 19. The only transcontinental railroad built without government aid was the
    E) Great Northern.
  20. 20. As a leader of the African American community, Booker T. Washington
    D) promoted black self-help but did not challenge segregation.
  21. 21. Agreements between railroad corporations to divide the business in a given area and share the profits were called
    A) pools.
  22. 22. President Cleveland justified federal intervention in the Pullman strike of 1894 on the grounds that
    E) the strike was preventing the transit of U.S. mail.
  23. 23. The New Immigrants who came to the United States after 1880
    C) were culturally different from previous immigrants.
  24. 24.Among the following, the least likely to migrate to the cattle and farming frontier were
    A)eastern city dwellers.
  25. 25.Generally, the Supreme Court in the late nineteenth century interpreted the Constitution in such a way as to favor
  26. 27.The Indians battled whites for all the following reasons except to
    A)rescue their families who had been exiled to Oklahoma.
  27. 26.Which of the following sports was not developed in the decades following the Civil War?
  28. 28.In the new urban environment, most liberal Protestants
    E)rejected biblical literalism and adapted religious ideas to modern culture.
  29. 29.Settlement houses such as Hull House engaged in all of the following activities except
    C)cultural activities.
  30. 30.Which of the following was not among the major new research universities founded in the post-Civil War era?
    B)the University of California
  31. 32. In the warfare that raged between the Indians and the American military after the Civil War,
    D) Indians proved to be no match for the soldiers.
  32. 31.During the Gilded Age, most of the railroad barons
    A)rejected government assistance.
  33. 33.The South's major attraction for potential investors was
    D)cheap labor.
  34. 34.Booker T. Washington believed that the key to political and civil rights for African Americans was
    E)economic independence.
  35. 35.In the late nineteenth century, tax benefits and cheap, nonunion labor especially attracted _______________ manufacturing to the �new South.�
  36. 36. In the decades after the Civil War, college education for women
    C) became much more common.
  37. 37. John D. Rockefeller used all of the following tactics to achieve his domination of the oil industry except
    C) using federal agents to break competitors.
  38. 38. �Sooners� were settlers who �jumped the gun� in order to
    C) claim land in Oklahoma.
  39. 39. One problem with the Homestead Act was that
    D) the railroads purchased most of this land.
  40. 40.The growing prohibition movement especially reflected the concerns of
    B)big business.
  41. 42. American newspapers expanded their circulation and public attention by
    E) printing sensationalist stories of sex and scandal.
  42. 41.The Farmers' Alliance was formed to
    E)take action to break the strangling grip of the railroads.
  43. 43.In the decades after the Civil War, most American farmers
    E)grew a single cash crop.
  44. 44. The root cause of the American farmers' problem after 1880 was
    E) overproduction of agricultural goods
  45. 45.The most effective and most enduring labor union of the post-Civil War period was the
    C)American Federation of Labor.
  46. 46.The major factor in drawing country people off the farms and into the big cities was
    B)the availability of industrial jobs.
  47. 47.The original purpose of the Grange was to
    C)stimulate self-improvement through educational and social activities.
  48. 48. The oil industry became a huge business
    C) with the invention of the internal combustion engine.
  49. 49.The Homestead Act assumed that public land should be administered in such a way as to
    E)promote frontier settlement.
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