Pharm ch2 web

  1. Liquids Adv/Dis-Adv
    • Adv: 1. certain meds cause GI distress in solids form
    • DisAdv: 1. preservatives 2. interactions may dvlp from changes in solubility. 3. bulkier to carry
  2. Liniments < Solutions
    either alc or oleaginous solutions or emulsions that applied thru rubbing
  3. Tinctures < Solutions
    alc or hydroalc sols of PURE chemicals or extracts
  4. Emulsion < Dispersion
    • Dispersion: solute dispersed thru a dispersing vehicle.
    • Emulsion: a o/w emulsion dilutes in water, w/o will not dilute in water
  5. Ointment < Dispersion
    • semisolid. Anhydrous ointments absorb water, but insol in water and not water washable.
    • Oleaginous ointments insol in water, do not contain or absorb water are not water washable
  6. Pastes < Dispersions
    similar to ointments, more solid materials
  7. Creams < Dispersions
    Applied o/w emulsions
  8. To return expired / unsaleable products
    • 1. Use DEA 41 for expired, must be kept 2 yrs. must be completed atleast 2 weeks before destruction of substances (triplicate form)
    • 2. Controlled substances can only be returned by institutions with DEA number
  9. United States Pharmacopeia
    sets requirements for labeling meds, in multidose vial or unit dose container, IV, or compound
  10. The Joint Commission (TJC)
    requires unit dose dispensing and IV
  11. DEA
    responsible for enforcing Controlled Substances Act
  12. Faxed prescriptions
    cannot be dispensed until original prescription is presented to pharmacy. EXCEPT Schedule II emergency and for long term care facilities
  13. Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
    info on hazards of particular substance. Manufacturer provides MSDS to pharm, and pharm provides to long term care facilities
  14. liniment
    not a dispersion, either alcoholic or oleaginous or emulsion, applied thru rubbing
  15. emulsion
    o/w or w/o , they are in a dispersing vehicle
  16. dry gum / continental
    4 parts oil, 2 parts water, 1 part gum.
  17. wet gum method
    triturating 1 part gum 2 parts water to form mucilage. slowly add 4 parts oil and triturate slowly.
  18. Suppository
    • oleaginous, water soluble or hydrophilic
    • drug delivery system inserted into rectum or vag. Compression Mold (mix base and drugs into compression mold) or Fusion mold (base is melted, poured and overfilled into special mold)
  19. DEA 224
    To register a pharm, to stock controlled substances
  20. DEA 222
    to order Sched II drugs
  21. DEA 41
    to destroy outdated or unused substances
  22. DEA 106
  23. Power of Attorney
    authorizes pharmacist to order sched II drugs
  24. MSDS
    • hazards.
    • Manufacturer provides MSDS to pharm, and pharm provides MSDS to purchaser
  25. AWP - Average Wholesale Price
    • Reimbursement = AWP + percentage + dispensing fee
    • -encourages generics vs. brand name bc percentage return is greater for generic
  26. AAC - Actual Acquisition Cost
    price pharmacy pays for drug after discounts from manufacturer or wholesaler
  27. MAC - Max Allowable Cost
    max price insurance company will pay for generic medication
  28. Capitation fee
    reimbursement system in which pharmacy receives fixed payment each month per patient, regardless of number of prescriptions filled or cost of prescriptions
  29. Per Diem
    predetermined amt of money paid to indv or institution for daily service
Card Set
Pharm ch2 web
pharm tech exam ch2