Chapter 2

  1. Prior to the twentieth century, most governments relied on ____________ for revenue.
    tariffs, duties, and other taxes on commerce
  2. ___________ is a system of government in which states retain sovereign authority except for the powers expressly delegated to the national governments.
    A confederation
  3. The First Continental Congress met in 1774. Which of the following actions did the delegates at the Congress take?
    They called for a total boycott of British goods.
  4. Which of the following statements is true about the Three-fifths Compromise?
    Under this compromise, five slaves would count as three free persons in apportioning seats in the House of Representatives.
  5. When was our current constitution written?
  6. In general, it was the ____________ vision of the United States that triumphed.
  7. According to your text, _________ inevitably leads to the growth of political activity and the expansion of political participation.
  8. Under the Great Compromise, small states were given an advantage in the
  9. One of the key underlying themes of the original Constitution was
    promoting cooperation between branches of government.
  10. Since 1789, more than 11,000 amendments were formally offered in Congress. Of these, only ____________ were finally ratified by the states.
  11. What or who were Publius and Brutus?
    The pen names used in essays written defending (“Publius”) and attacking (“Brutus”) the proposed U.S. Constitution
  12. The Equal Rights Amendment
    was formally approved by Congress but failed to be ratified by three-quarters of the states.
  13. What is a limitation (drawback) of liberty as a political principle?
    Limits on government action can inhibit effective government.
  14. The Constitution's framers placed ____________ ahead of all other political values.
    individual liberty
  15. The United States' first written constitution was
    the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union.
  16. Which of the following statements is true about the Constitutional ratification process?
    The struggle for ratification was carried out in thirteen separate campaigns.
  17. Most of the seventeen Constitutional amendments ratified since the Bill of Rights in 1791 have been directly or indirectly concerned with
    structure or composition of government.
  18. The Shays's Rebellion was significant in that it
    demonstrated the weakness of government under the Articles of Confederation.
  19. Under the original, unamended Constitution, the only person(s) elected directly by the people was/were
    members of the House of Representatives.
  20. The Three-fifths Compromise dealt primarily with what issue?
    A slave would count as three-fifths of a person when determining population.
  21. An amendment to the US Constitution may be proposed in which of the following ways?
    a two-thirds vote in both houses of Congress
  22. According to your text, which of the following statements best articulates the motives of the framers at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia?
    The framers' interests were reinforced by their principles.
  23. The purpose of the first ten amendments was to
    provide clear limitations on the powers of national government.
  24. The power of judicial review
    was assumed by the Supreme Court.
  25. Which of the following concepts best explains the underlying reason for the Bill of Rights?
    limited government
  26. The Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation were not sufficient to hold the new nation together as an independent and effective nation-state. Which of the following statements is FALSE?
    Many of the pre- and post-revolutionary radicals, small farmers, artisans, and shopkeepers wanted a strong national government in order to protect their economic interests.
  27. ______________ is a system of government in which power is divided, by a constitution, between a central government and regional governments.
  28. According to the text, the story of the founding is important because
    it was a story of political choices, and Americans continue today to make tough political choices.
  29. Antifederalists wanted
    a more decentralized government.
  30. The Virginia Plan was favored by
    large states, since it emphasized the importance of size and wealth.
  31. The Tenth Amendment
    reserves power not granted to the national government to the states.
  32. The Connecticut Plan provided for which of the following?
    a House of Representatives apportioned by the number of free inhabitants plus three-fifths of the slaves and a Senate consisting of two members from each state selected by the state legislatures
  33. An important issue dividing Federalists and Antifederalists was the threat of tyranny, meaning,
    • generally, unjust rule by the group in power.
    • from the Antifederalists' perspective, the fear of an aristocracy.
    • from the Federalists' perspective, rule by the passions of the majority.
  34. The amendment route to social change
    is, and always will be, extremely limited.
Card Set
Chapter 2
Govt Chapter 2