In what war did they start using a large scale of chemical agents?
WORLD WAR I
How many casualties resulted from the first chemical attack?
What is your first priority in a chemical attack?
YOUR OWN SURVIVAL
How can a chemical agent on the skin be removed?
What kit replaced the M258A1?
What type of chemical agent has odor of garlic or horseradish?
What type of chemical agent has odor of new mown hay?
What type of agent has a pepperlike odor?
What type of agent has a faint bitter almond odor?
How many decon 2 packets are in the M291 kit?
Decon of chemical agents on the skin within ___ minute after contamination is perhaps ________ times more effective.
What are the two types of antidote auto injectors?
ATROPINE AND 2-PAM CI
Which area of the decontamination station organization receives casualties contaminated with chemical agent?
Who is responsible for maintaining adequate supplies for decontamination and treatment of CBR casualties?
MEDICAL OFFICER OR SENIOR MEDICAL REPRESENTATIVE
Lethal agents are those that result in a ____ percent or greater death rate among casualties.
What is the specific therapy for nerve agent casualties?
How many autoinjectors of atropine are issued to members of the Navy and Marine Corps?
How much milligrams does the 2-PAM CI autoinjector have?
When exposed to a nerve agent, where should inject yourself with the first does of atropine?
LATERL THIGH MUSCLE OR BUTTOCKS
How long do you hold the atropine injector firmly in place?
AT LEAST 10 SECONDS
How long does it take the antidote to take effect for the first set of 2-PAM CI injections?
10 TO 15 MINUTES
What are some common blister agents?
MUSTARD(HD), NITROGEN MUSTARD(HN), AND LEWSITE (L)
What type of blister agent is arsenical?
How long does once exposed to a blood agent for violent convulsions to occur?
20 TO 30 SECONDS
What are the two types of antidotes in the treatment of cyanides?
AMYL NITRITE AND IV SODIUM THIOSULFATE SOLUTION
What is the required dose for thiosulfate therapy?
100 TO 200 mg/kg
What type of agent causes damage to the alveolar tissue?
What type of agent produces mental confusion and an inability to function intelligently?
How long does it take for incapacitating agents symptoms to appear?
30 MINUTES TO SEVERAL DAYS
What is the standard incapacitant agent in the U.S?
What type of agent are essentially local irritants that act primarily on the eyes?
What type of agent produces a strong pepper-like irritation in the upper respiratory tract?
What is considered the greatest potential hazard in biological warfare?
INHALATION OF AIRBORNE ORGANISMS
What is by far the almost universal method of purifying water?
In what manual is water purification procedures discussed?
PREVENTIVE MEDICINE MANUAL NAVMED P-5010
Who is responsible for the decontamination of the wounded?
MEDICAL DEPARTMENT PERSONNEL
What type of warfare is most frequently referred to as nuclear warfare?
How are injuries caused by blast divided into?
PRIMARY DIRECT BLAST AND SECONDARY BLAST
What type of blast injury will result from a direct action of the air shock wave on the human body?
What types of blast injury are caused by collapsing buildings?
How many classes are burns caused by nuclear explosion divided into?
What type of nuclear explosion burn result from fires caused by explosion?
How long does flash blindness persist?
20 TO 30 MINUTES
What type of rays produce their effects mainly by knocking orbital electrons out of their path?
When treating a casualty from a nuclear blast how much more then the recommended antibiotic amount should you give the patient?
How long do you scrub the contaminated area with a soft bristle surgical brush?
What do you use to decontaminate moist area?
COTTON SWAPS OR GAUZE
When doing spot cleaning, if contamination persists what two ingredients do you mix?
50% DETERGENT AND 50% CORNMEAL
What is the instruction number for Initial Management of Irradiated or Radioactively Contaminated Personnel?
Who sets the radioactivity safe level?
MEDICAL DEPARTMENT REPRESENTATIVE