The Sea and IR - Test 1

  1. What is the meaning of double landlocked?
    A country who is surounded by countries, none of which border an ocean
  2. What are the two double land locked countries in the world?
    Uberbajain and Lichtenstein
  3. Who is involved with Law of the Sea?
    Everyone, even the smaller countries
  4. What was found in penguins?
  5. Why was it surprising to find penguins with DDT?
    Because Antarctica is the area with the lowest impact by humans
  6. What direction is the circulation of water on the earth
    roughly left to right
  7. How long does it take water to curclate entirely around the earth?
    ~1000 years
  8. What is the most important part about the circulation of water around the earth to us?
    It shapes our weather
  9. What might happen to the conveyor belt of water in the future?
    It could slow down or maybe even stop
  10. What are some consequences of the water conveyor belt slowing down/stopping
    • growing regions shift
    • some countries doen't have capacity to adjust (like not enough money)
  11. bistable system
    consistantly add same amount of energy, but one time all of the sudden change
  12. What is the oceans role with CO2?
  13. What is the proble with calling the ocean a CO2 sink?
    • We don't have long term measurments
    • only a monestary for 600 years
  14. What area of the sea floor particurally complicates laws?
    the continental shelf
  15. Why does the continetal shelf further complicate law?
    • drop off
    • is it still a part of that country
  16. What is the law about resources on the bottom of the ocean?
    belong to everyone
  17. What problems are created by the N. Pacific Gyre?
    • things go in circles
    • catch junk in water
    • lots of sea animals migrate through area
    • sea animals eat the junk
  18. Exxon Valdez
    • oil coat
    • try to keep the proper name of ships out of newspapers
  19. What might happen with oceans and weather in the future?
    • Events such as el nino
    • much more dramatic
  20. Problems with Beach Erosions
    • losing coastlines
    • lots of cities on coast - can't all rebuild
    • sea shell islands raising alarm - more vulnerable than they used to be
  21. What color is water when there is a lot of water?
  22. Where are fisheries?
    in areas under national control
  23. what are drift nets?
    up to 40 miles long, throw in water and pull up everything
  24. bicatch
    • fish you can't carry
    • killed and thrown back
  25. What are some problems faced with fishing?
    overfishing except for 2 countries
  26. How did the British view the ocean?
    • free trade
    • freedom of the seas
  27. When was the first sea lord and what did he say?
    • 1706
    • 5 keys to the world and we have them all
  28. What were the 5 keys to the world?
    • Suez
    • Good Hope
    • Gibralter
    • Milaka
    • Charmpain
  29. Why did the US build the Panama Canal?
    • we control
    • lots of shipinping
  30. How did Shakespere view the ocean?
    • Wall
    • keeps people out
    • protective
  31. What did people beleive about the sea in 1890?
    That you cannot be invaded by the sea
  32. What were the 3 technical revolutions between 1400 and 1700?
    • artillary
    • printing
    • ocean navigation
  33. Of artillary, printing and, ocean navigation which leads to power imbalance between different parts of golbe?
    ocean navigation
  34. What makes some countries more wealthy than others?
    • burocracy - best people in best jobs
    • external sources of information - everyone have access - more minds
    • western technology
  35. What did the west invent?
    Double ended book keeping
  36. Why did only liberal countries have people sailing out?
    Because bringing a fleet will bring new ideas
  37. What are the 3 tradiational perspectives for study of the ocean?
    • Resource provider - fish
    • transport areana - move things/people
    • Battleground
  38. What are the requirments to move things via land?
    • things you can carry
    • valuable
    • don't perish
  39. When was the first naval battle?
    1500 BC - hapshetsut
  40. When and what was it called, the first battle out of the site of land?
    Gettling 1916
  41. Before naval battles what was the point of a navy?
    Getting your fleet there
  42. Can societies regulte the entire ocean space or only coastal areas?
    90% of fish cought from 37% of ocean in coastal areas
  43. How much of the world's goods are carried by sea?
    • 95% by weight
    • 67% by value
  44. Three aspects of social "construction"
    • use
    • regulations
    • represntations/depictions
  45. Capatalist view point
    • capatalism creates places - independent of physical conformation
    • arranges created spaces heiracrchically as sources/producers of value
  46. Constructivist viewpoint
    • world systems - oceans are used for capatalists trade dominence and belong to the dominant powers
    • articulated nodes of proudction - ocenas sperate subsistance workers from wealthiest capatlist societeis
    • spaical dialetics - oceans permit inequality of investment and production necesary to capatalism
  47. Constructivist Regulations
    • oceans are "emptiable" - subject ot no ones states rule
    • oceans have secondary status relative to land terratories of states - we live on land
    • idea of who controls what are entirely a construct of dominant powers
  48. Constructivitist Representation
    • even with the advent of the scientific method, the oceans still seem as 'open'
    • land is developable and governable
    • oceans are undevelopable and anarchic
    • oceans creates a sense of otherness
Card Set
The Sea and IR - Test 1
Class discussing how people interact over the ocean