Chap 4,5,6

  1. Which tissue type consists of a sheet of cells that covers a body surface or lines a body cavity?
    epithelial tissue
  2. Which type of epithelium lines the interior of the urinary bladder?
    transitional epithelium
  3. Which type of gland produces hormones?
    endocrine glands
  4. Why are adipose, blood, and bone all considered to be connective tissues?
    They have a common origin, mesenchyme.
  5. Which tissue type is responsible for regulating and controlling body functions?
    nervous tissue
  6. Which type of membrane is also an organ system?
    cutaneous membrane
  7. Which tissue repair process results in the formation of scar tissue?
  8. Which tissues have no functional regenerative capacity?
    cardiac muscle and nervous tissue in the brain and spinal cord
  9. What is the most obvious structural feature of areolar connective tissue?
    the loose arrangement of its fibers
  10. Which connective tissue below best deserves the name "connective tissue"
    because it connects the majority of the cells of the body?
  11. Organized groups of cells (plus their intercellular substances) that have a common purpose form a(n) ________.
  12. In connective tissue, the role of collagen fibers is to:
    provide tensile strength.
  13. Which of the following describes a mucous cell?
    A unicellular exocrine gland
  14. Exocrine glands:
    secrete substances onto body surfaces.
  15. Which of the following is correctly matched?
    Bone: osteoblast
  16. ______________is the tissue that regulates and controls body functions.
    Nervous tissue
  17. Which of the following is not correctly matched?
    Cutaneous membrane: made of simple columnar epithelia
  18. The reason that intervertebral discs exhibit a large amount of tensile
    strength to absorb shock is because they possess ________.
    collagen fibers
  19. The fiber type that gives connective tissue great tensile strength is ________.
  20. Select the correct statement regarding adipose tissue.
    Its primary function is nutrient storage.
  21. Which is true concerning muscle tissue?
    highly cellular and well vascularized
  22. Earwax is made by _________________
    ceruminous glands.
  23. Which of the following represents a difference between eccrine sweat glands and apocrine sweat glands?
    The secretions of apocrine sweat glands contain more fat and protein than do the secretions of eccrine glands.
  24. The skin consists of three main regions. From deep to superficial they are the:
    hypodermis, dermis, and epidermis.
  25. What part of the dermis gives rise to friction ridges (fingerprints)?
    The papillary layer.
  26. Sweat is secreted by:
    sudoriferous glands.
  27. Which of the following best explains the fact that eyebrows do not grow as long as the hair on the head?
    The follicles of the eyebrow are active for a few months, while the follicles of the scalp are active for years.
  28. Which of the following does not protect the skin from bacteria?
    The temperature of the skin
  29. The most common type of skin cancer is:
    basal cell carcinoma.
  30. A cancerous growth on the skin will likely exhibit:
  31. What layer(s) of the skin is (are) damaged in a second-degree burn?
    The epidermis and the superficial regions of the dermis are damaged.
  32. Nutrients reach the surface of the skin (epidermis) through the process of ________.
    diffusing through the tissue fluid from blood vessels in the dermis
  33. Melanocytes and keratinocytes work together in protecting the skin from UV damage when keratinocytes ________.
    accumulate the melanin granules on their superficial portion, forming a UV-blocking pigment layer
  34. Changes in the color of skin are often an indication of a homeostatic
    imbalance. Which of the following changes would suggest that a patient
    is suffering from Addison's disease?
    The skin takes on a bronze or metallic appearance.
  35. The only place you will find stratum ________ is in the skin that covers the palms, fingertips, and soles of the feet.
  36. Which of the following is a skin sensory receptor for touch?
    Meissner's corpuscle
  37. Which muscles attached to the hair follicles cause goose bumps?
    arrector pili
  38. Which skin appendages aid in cooling the skin when the body temperature or the external environmental temperature is high?
    eccrine sweat glands
  39. What protects the fetus's skin within the water-filled amniotic sac?
    vernix caseosa
  40. Which layer of the epidermis is responsible for regenerating the most superficial layers?
    stratum basale
  41. Despite its apparent durability, the dermis is subject to tearing. How
    might a person know that the dermis has been stretched and/or torn?
    The appearance of visible, silvery-white scars is an indication of stretching of the dermis.
  42. What is the most common type of cartilage found between bones in freely moveable joints?
    hyaline cartilage
  43. What bone shape is the patella?
    short bone
  44. Which bone cells form bone?
  45. What is endochondral ossification?
    the formation of bone from pre-existing hyaline cartilage models
  46. What indicates that a long bone has reached its adult length?
    closure of the epiphyseal plate
  47. What controls bone remodeling?
    mechanical stress and hormones
  48. What is the final stage in the healing of a bone fracture?
    bone remodeling
  49. Which of the following refers to a bone disorder found most often in the
    aged and resulting in the bones becoming porous and light?
  50. When chondrocytes divide and form new matrix, it leads to an expansion
    of the cartilage tissue from within. This process is called:
    interstitial growth.
  51. The axial skeleton includes:
  52. Which of the following is a bone projection?
  53. In adults, yellow marrow is located:
    in the medullary cavity of the long bones.
  54. Osteoblasts:
    form new bone.
  55. The epiphyseal plate is:
    where bone elongation occurs.
  56. The osteon is:
    the structural unit of compact bone.
  57. The cell responsible for secreting the matrix of bone is the ________.
  58. The canal that runs through the core of each osteon (the Haversian canal) is the site of ________.
    blood vessels and nerve fibers
  59. The trabeculae of spongy bone are oriented toward lines of stress.
  60. Which structure allows the diaphysis of the bone to increase in length
    until early childhood, as well as shaping the articular surfaces?
    epiphyseal plate
  61. Growth of bones is controlled by a symphony of hormones. Which hormone
    is important for bone growth during infancy and childhood?
    growth hormone
  62. Wolff's law is concerned with ________.
    the thickness and shape of a bone being dependent on stresses placed upon it
  63. Why, or why not, is swimming recommended as an exercise to prevent osteoporosis?
    Swimming is not recommended to prevent osteoporosis, as it is not considered a weight-bearing exercise.
  64. Paget's disease:
    excessive and haphazard bone deposition and resorption
  65. Phosphate
    stored in bones?
  66. Osteomyelitis is ________.
    due to pus-forming bacteria
  67. Ostealgia is ________.
    pain in a bone
Card Set
Chap 4,5,6