Anth. chap. 3

  1. Paleolithic
    The first period of human pre-history, extending from the time of the first tools, more than 2.5 m.y.a. 7ntil the end of the pleistocene, 10,000 years ago
  2. Neolithic
    Ther period of time of early farmers with domesticated plants and animals, polished stone tools., permanent villages and often pottery.
  3. glacial
    a cold episod of the pleistocene; known as the ice age.
  4. Interglacial
    A warm period of the Pleistocene
  5. Glaciation
    The expansion of continental glacial ice during a period of cold climate
  6. Oxygen isotope ratio
    The ratio of different isotopes of oxygen in ocean water, varying with the temperature of the water
  7. Milankovitch forcing
    A term describing the phenomenon considered to be the prime reason for glacial fluctuations and climatic change
  8. Handaxe
    A larfge, teardrop shaped stone tool bifacially flaked to a point at one end and a broader base at the other
  9. Reduction Technique
    In Archaeology, a manufacturing process involving the removal of materials from a core that becomes the finished product.
  10. Acheulean
    A major archaelogical culture of the lower Paleolithic, named after the site of St. Acheul in France
  11. Hand-Hammer Technique
    A percussion technique for making stone tools by striking one stone, or core with another stone or hammer.
  12. soft-hammer technique
    A flintknapping technique that involves the use of a hammer of bone, antler, or wood rather than stone.
  13. Cleaver
    a tool with a broad leading edge
  14. burin
    A stone tool with a right angled edges used for planing and engraving
  15. Clactonian
    A term used for assemblages from the lower paleolithic, lacking handaxes and characterizeed by large flakes with heavy retouching and notches
  16. Sexual division of labor
    the cooperative relationship between the sexes in hunter-gatherer groups involving different male and female task activity.
Card Set
Anth. chap. 3
the words from chap. 3