Fecal Characteristics

  1. Normal color of poop
    Infants: yellow; adults: brown
  2. What does white or clay stool indicate?
    absence of bile
  3. What does black or tarry stool indicate?
    • Iron ingestion or upper GI bleeding
    • Also called melena
  4. What does it mean if stool is pale with fat?
    Malabsorption of fat
  5. Indications of stool with translucent mucus
    Spastic constipation, colitis, excessive straining
  6. Indications of red stool
    Lower GI bleeding, hemmorrhoids
  7. Indications of bloody mucus in stool
    Blood in feces, inflammation, infection
  8. Normal odor of stool
    pungent, but affected by food type
  9. Indication of noxious change in stool odor
    Blood in feces or infection
  10. Normal consistency of stool
    Soft, formed
  11. Indicatons of liquid stool
    Diarrhea, reduced absorption
  12. Indications of hard stool
  13. Normal frequency of defecation
    • Varies:
    • Infant: 4-6 times daily (breast fed) or 1-3 times daily (bottle fed)
    • Adults: Daily or 2-3 times/week
  14. Abnormal frequency of defecation
    • Infants: more than 6 times daily or less than once every 1-2 days
    • Adults: more than 3 times a day or less than 1 a week
  15. Normal amount of stool/day for an adult and indications of values out of the norm.
    • 150g/day
    • Significantly less or more could be caused by hypermotility or hypomotility
  16. Normal shape of stool
    Resembles diamater of rectum
  17. Indications of thin, pencil-like stool
    Obstruction, rapid peristalsis
  18. Normal stool constituents
    Undigested food, dead bacteria, fat, bile pigment, cells lining intestinal mucosa, water
  19. Indications of blood, pus, foreign bodies, mucus, worms in stool
    Internal bleeding, infection, swallowed objects, irritation, inflammation
  20. Indications of excess fat in stool
    Malabsorption syndrome, enteritis, pancreatic disease surgical resection of intestine
Card Set
Fecal Characteristics