Chapter 4

  1. This is the "musical" level of language, usually consisting of phrases.
  2. A second leve of structures that students negotiate are the units of meaning called...
  3. The smallest unit of speech that distinguishes one word from another.
  4. A paraphrase or spontaneous retelling at the global level which children produce while turning the pages of a familiar book.
    Pretend Reading
  5. Exacting than pretend reading and involves an accurate recitation of the text accompanied by pointing to the print in some fashion.
    Memory Reading
  6. The left-to-right direction used for reading and writing English.
  7. The ability to match spoken words to printed words as demostrated by the ability to point to the words of a memorized text while reading including two-syllable words.
    Concept of Word
  8. Refers to the ability to consciously manipulate individual phonemes in a spoken language. Is ofte assessed by the ability to tap, count, or push a penny foward for every sound heard in a word like cat: /c/a/t/.
    Phonemic Awareness
  9. An approach to the teaching of reading in which students read about their own experiences recorded in their own language. Experience stories are dictated by the student to a teacher who writes them down. Dictated accounts are reread in unison, in echo fashion, and independently.
    Language Experience
  10. An awareness of various speech sounds such as syllables, rhyme, and individual phonemes.
    Phonological Awareness
  11. The ________ of a single syllable or word is the intial consonant(s) sound. The onset of the word sun is /s/. The onset of the word slide is /sl/.
  12. A _________unit is composed of the vowel and any following consonants within a syllable.
  13. The occurence in a phrase or line of speech of two or more words having the same beginning sound.
  14. Like picture captions, spoken or dictated accounts of children's experiences also help them link speech to print. This approach has traditionally been referred to as the ____________________.
    Language Experience Approach
  15. Individual books of reading materials for beginning readers. Group experience charts, dictations, and rhymes comprise the majority of the reading material.
    Personal Readers
Card Set
Chapter 4
Vocabulary Words