Key terms and people

  1. The idea that slavery should be ended in the United States
  2. The act of leaving the nation
  3. the idea that laws could be voided or effectively ignored
  4. the idea that states could be independent of the national government and ignore laws
    states' rights
  5. freedom, especially for those who were enslaved
  6. The president of the Conferate States of America
    Jefferson Davis
  7. an escaped slave who helped other slaves to escape
    Harriett Tubman
  8. The general of the Union Army who accepted the surrender of the South at Appomattox Courthouse in 1865
    General Ulysses S. Grant
  9. The Confederate general who surrendered to the North at Appomattox Courthouse in 1865
    General Robert E. Lee
  10. The abolitionist who wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin
    Harriett Beecher Stowe
  11. the name of the book that exposed the evils of slavery to the world
    Uncle Tom's Cabin
  12. The Union General whose mission it was to destroy a path from Atlanta to Savannah
    William T. Sherman
  13. What famous Georgian was the vice president of the Confederate States of America?
    Alexander Stephens
  14. The North and the South had a conflict over what 3 things?
    • 1) slavery
    • 2) economics
    • 3) states' rights
  15. What was the decision in the Dred Scott case that went to the Supreme Court?
    Slaves were property; therefore, they could not bring a case to court.
  16. Which was the first state to secede from the Union?
    South Carolina
  17. Where was the capital of the Confederate States of America?
    Richmond, Virginia
  18. What were some advantages that the North had in fighting in a civil war?
    • 1) factories to produce needed items for war
    • 2) better transportation (more railroad tracks)
    • 3) an army and a navy
    • 4) wealth
    • 5) monetary system
    • 6) experienced government
  19. What were some advantages that the South had in fighting a civil war?
    • 1) some of the best military leaders in the country
    • 2) they were defending their own land, so they knew it well
    • 3) knew how to ride horses and fire guns without much training
  20. What was the South's economy based on?
  21. What was the North's economy based on?
    industry (they had many factories that employed people)
  22. Who led the bloodiest slave revolt in American history?
    Nat Turner
  23. What happened to Nat Turner
    he was hanged for his his crimes
  24. How many people were killed in Nat Turner's slave revolt?
    Between 57 and 85 (about 50 were white and others were slaves)
  25. _______________ is the ability of the residents of an area to decide upon an issue (such as whether or not to allow slavery)
    popular sovereignty
  26. What is Eli Whitney famous for inventing?
    cotton gin
  27. Besides being the vice president of the Confederate States of America, for what is Alexander Stephens well known?
    helping to keep the nation together through various compromises such as the Missouri Compromise and the Georgia Platform
  28. What did the cotton gin do?
    removed the seeds from the cotton bolls
  29. Do you think the cotton gin increased or decreased the need for slaves on cotton plantations? Why?
    increased- Now cotton could be prepared for sale faster so more cotton could be planted and more money could be made.
Card Set
Key terms and people
Key People and terms of the American Civil War