Ch.30 Genitourinary, Musculoskeletal

  1. Assess genitourinary for:
    •How do they go to the bathroom?

    –Foley cath can describe during initial assessment

    –If voids have to wait to describe-each time

    •Urine - color, amt.,odor, clarity – with every void

    •Voiding Patterns/problems

    •Genitalia with advanced, just look to see if “normal” and clean
  2. Principles of Muskuloskeletal:
    • •Normal tissues are
    • examined before injured, inflamed, or otherwise involved

    • •Bilateral observations
    • are made and compared

    • •Palpation is gently
    • performed while observing facial or other reactions to note tenderness or
    • sensitivity within the tissues

    • •Movements are assessed
    • within norms for ROM of all joints from head to foot
  3. meet and greet
    •Watch (for speed and coordination of movement) as rise from chair or bed

    •“Get up and go"

    • •Climb in and out of bed
    • table

    • –Watch
    • for coordination

    • –Note
    • speed of movement

    • •Ask if use any assistive
    • devices

    • •Ask if ADLs can be done
    • alone, with assistance, or not at all
  4. Image Upload 1
    • kyphosis- hunchback, affects breathing
    • scoliosis- S spine
  5. Joints
    •Inspect and palpate






    Crepitations- snap, crackle, pop
  6. active rom
    • •Joint movement should be
    • smooth and painless

    • •Ask that joint be moved
    • through full range of movement

    • •Rationale for assessing
    • ROM before strength
  7. passive rom
    • •Nurse does for the client - Carried out by nurse without
    • assistance from client

    •Maintain join mobility only

    •Body part not to be moved beyond its existing ROM

    •Move relaxed joint through limits of movement
  8. Muscles
    •Inspect and Palpate


    –Bilateral Symmetry


  9. •Atrophy
    - Muscle wasting
  10. Hypertrophy
    Increased muscle mass
  11. Contracture
    Muscle shortening
  12. paresthesia
    tingling, numbness
  13. palpating muscles









    • –0-5
    • scale

    • –Compare
    • the two extremities

    •Expect dominant side to be stronger


    Tension at rest
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Ch.30 Genitourinary, Musculoskeletal