resp disease

  1. infection with human immunodeficiency virus. immunosuppresion and opportunistic infections, including pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, tb, kaposis sarcoma
    acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  2. restrictive pulm disease w/ nonspecific lung response to stresses or injuries of pulm or nonpulm nature. aka noncardiogenic pulm edema, shock lung, wet lung, white lung, and ventilator lung
    acute respiratory distress syndrome
  3. obstructie pulmonary disease characterized by reversible airway obstruction,
    hyper-reactive airways,
    mucosal edema,
    narrowed airways,
    increased mucous secretions,
    mucous plugs,
  4. poor aeration, poor expansion, collapse of portions of the lung
  5. (blue bloater) inflammation of bronchial mucosa that can be acute or chronic. classified as COPD.

    cough w/ mucous production most days, for 3 months or longer, for 2 successive years
  6. emphysema, bronchitis, asthma, bronchiectasis, cf, and bronchopulm dysplasia.
  7. chronic inflammation and bulbous enlargement of the fingers and toes.

    common w/ chronic hypoxemia, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, pulm infections and congenital heart defects.
    clubbing, digital clubbing, or hypertropic pulm osteroroarthropathy
  8. hypertrophy and thickening of the right heart ventricle.

    cause by pulm htn.
    cor pulmonale
  9. hereditary disease of the autonomic nervous system that causes exocrine glands to produce excess abnormal secretions, resulting in tissue and organ damage, esp in lung tissue and organ damage
  10. (pink buffer) dilation, enlargement, and destruction of air spaces beyond terminal bronchioles. aka COPD.

    3 pathologic types: centrilobar, panlobular, and bullous
  11. presence of purulent fluid in the pleural space. similar to pleural effusion
  12. fracture of two or more ribs in more than one location, resulting in unstable area of the chest wall. unstable portion of chest wall moves in opposite direction of the rest of thorax
    flail chest
  13. polyneuropathy is ascending from FEET UPWARD. muscle paralysis due to simultaneous malfunction of many nerves throughout the body, including nerves of the autonomic nervous sys
    guillain-barre syndrome
  14. presence of blood in the intrapleural space
  15. contagious viral resp tract infection commonly know as the flu
  16. disease in the interspace area of lung tissue. many causes, ARDS, bronchiolitis, fibrosis, pulm edema, pneumonia
    interstitial lung disease
  17. neuromuscular disorder causing weakness and easy fatigability of muscles. most frequently involves FACE, THROAT, and muscles of ventilation
    myasthenia gravis
  18. neuromuscular disease causing progressive atrophy of the hands, forearms, and legs. withering of muscles throughout the body, including muscles of ventilation. 80% of pts dies within 5 years
    lou gehrigs
  19. medical complications resulting from exposure to high concentration oxygen over extended period of time
    oxygen toxicity
  20. presence of fluid in the pleural space
    pleural effusion
  21. inflammation and infection of the lungs
  22. presence of air in the intrapleural space or within other areas of the thorax
  23. accumulation of excessive fluid in the alveoli and interstitium
    pulm edema
  24. sudden partial or complete blockage of pulm artery blood flow
    pulm embolism
  25. blood pressure in the pulm arteries is abnormally high.
    pulm htn
  26. classified as hypoxemic resp failure. inability to maintain adequate oxy delivery to tissues
    resp failure
  27. granulomas and inflammation in the lymph nodes, lungs, liver, eyes, skin, other tissues
  28. obstruction of the upper airway during sleep
  29. bacterial infection usually affecting the pulm system but can also affect other parts of the body.
Card Set
resp disease
resp disease