Acid Base

  1. Buffer
    is a substance or a group of substances that absorb or release hydrogen ion (H+) to corret an acid-base imbalance.
  2. The greater the concentration of H+,
    the more acidic the solution and the lower the pH.
  3. The lower the concentration of H+,
    the more alkaline the solution and the higher the pH.
  4. CO2 is what and what does it regulate
    Carbon dioxide, which is an acid, regulates the lungs
  5. HCO3 is what and what does it regulate
    it is a bicarbonate, which is a base, and it regulates the kidneys
  6. Hyponatremia
    is a lower than normal concentration of sodium in the blood, which occurs when there is a net sodium loss or a net water excess.
  7. Hypernatremia
    is a greater than normal concentration of sodium in the ECF caused by excess water loss or an overall sodidum excess.
  8. Hypokalemia
    produced by an inadequate amount of potassium in the ECF.
  9. Hyperkalemia
    is greater than normal amounts of potassium in the blood.
  10. Hypocalcemia
    represents a drop in total serum and/or ionized calcium.
  11. Hypercalcemia
    is an increase in the total serum concentration of calcium and/or ionized calcium.
  12. Hypomagnesemia
    a drop in serum magnesium levels, occurs with malnutrition and malabsorption disorders.
  13. Hypermagnesemia
    an increase in serum magnesium levels
  14. Hypochloremia
    occors when the serum choride level falls below normal.
  15. Hyperchloremia
    occurs when the serum chloride level rises above normal.
  16. What is used to measure acid-base balance and oxygenation
    Arterial blood gas (ABG)
Card Set
Acid Base
Psc Nursing