Whap chapter 18 vocab

  1. It greatly accelerated weaving,[23] by allowing the shuttle carrying the weft to be passed through the warp threads faster and over a greater width of cloth.[24]
    flying shuttle
  2. The device reduced the amount of work needed to produce yarn, with a worker able to work eight or more spools at once.
    spinning jenny
  3. a Scottish inventor and mechanical engineer whose improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution in both the Kingdom of Great Britain and the world.
    James Watt
  4. refers to a vehicle, missile, or aircraft propelled by an engine that creates thrust from a high speed exhaust jet made exclusively from propellant.
  5. created an age for children workers and regulated the # of hours they could work
    Factory act of 1833
  6. middle class
  7. belife in a perfect society that lives in harmoney and cooperation with each other
    utopian socialism
  8. leaders from rus. br. aus. fr . prus who meet to restore balance of power and conservative ways in europe
    congress of vienna
  9. was aGerman-Austrian politician and statesman. He was one of the most important diplomats of his era.[2] He was a major figure in the negotiations before and during the Congress of Vienna and is considered both a paragon of foreign-policy management
    Klemens von metternich
  10. advocates legitimate traditional government in order to presere the status-quo
  11. metternich system - international peace-keeping organization
    Concert of Europe
  12. advocates limited government in order to protect individual liberties
  13. s the loose association of Central European states created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to coordinate the economies of separate German-speaking countries.
    German confederation
  14. citizen king , double eligible voters , governemtn under the control of the middle class, ignored means and demands of city workers
    Louis- philippe
  15. a series of political upheavals throughout Europe
    1848 revolutions
  16. was the first freely elected parliament for all of Germany
    Frankfurt Assembly
  17. a person of full Spanish descent born in the Americas
  18. was a Spanish-born Spaniard or mainland Spaniard residing in the New World,
  19. was a Mexican priest and a leader of the Mexican War of Independence.
    Father hidalgo
  20. was an Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern part of South America's successful struggle for independence from Spain.
    Jose de san martin
  21. was a Venezuelan military and political leader. Together with José de San Martín, he played a key role in Hispanic America's successful struggle for independence from theSpanish Empire.
    Simon Bolivar
  22. is the Spanish word for "leader" and usually describes a political-military leader at the head of an authoritarian powe
  23. was a Mexican Army General who built a successful political and military coalition that was able to march into Mexico City on 27 September 1821; decisively ending the Mexican War of Independence.
    Augustin de Iturbide
  24. was a conflict fought between the Russian Empire and an alliance of the French Empire, the British Empire, the Ottoman Empire, the Kingdom of Sardinia, , part of a long-running contest between the major European powers for influence over territories of the declining Ottoman Empire.
    Crimean war
  25. was a leading figure in the movement toward Italian unification. He was the founder of the original Italian Liberal Party and Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia, only wanted north unified
    Camillo di Cavour
  26. wanted whole unification of italy , "red shirts "
    Giuseppe Garibaldi
  27. german prime minister , favored monarchy , goal was to unite germany under prussia by force of foregin countried
    Otto von Bismarck
  28. refers to politics or diplomacy based primarily on power
  29. napoleon forced war on prussia , france loses william I united german empiere
    Franco-Prussian war
  30. was an Act of Parliament that introduced wide-ranging changes to the electoral system of England and Wales.
    Reform act of 1823
  31. Her reign is known as theVictorian era, and was a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific, and military progress within the United Kingdom. Overseas, it was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire.
    Queen Victoria
  32. established the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary
    the Austro-Hungarian Ausgleich
  33. emancipated Russian serfs , liberal reforms , defeated in crimean war
    Alexander II
  34. was the military governor of pre-admission Florida (1821) and the commander of the American forces at the Battle of New Orleans (1815) and is an eponym of the era of Jacksonian democracy.
    Andrew Jackson
  35. served as the 16th President of the United States from March l1861 until his assassination in April 1865. He successfully led the country through its bloodiest internal crisis, the American Civil War, preserved the Union, and ended slavery.
    Abraham Lincoln
  36. valued emotions and individual imagination , inner feelings
  37. avoid emotionsl , ordinary characters from natural life
  38. as a major English Romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped to launch the Romantic Age in English literature with the 1798 joint publication Lyrical Ballads.
    William Wordsworth
  39. was a French chemist and microbiologist born in Dole. He is remembered for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and preventions of diseases.
    Louis Pasteur
  40. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestry, and proposed the scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection.
    Charles Darwin
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Whap chapter 18 vocab
Whap chapter 18 vocab