the growing interconnectedness of people and places through converging process of
economic, political, and cultural change
Firms and corporations that have a base in one country, but operate and have subsidiaries in other countries
Military action between a superpower using strategies dependent on high-tech weapons and the low tech and guerrilla tactics used by small insurgent groups
A highly inflated economy that cannot be sustained. Result normally from a rapid influx of international capital into a developing country (Ex. WWII Germany, barrel full of money for bread)
Cultural and political forces that pull away from and weaken a nation-state
Cultural and political forces that promote political unity in a nation-state
Established rule over a local people by an imperialist government with aspirations of expanding their boarders literally and economically.
A conceptualization of the world into two economic spheres. The developed countries of Western Europe, North America, and Japan form the core, with less developed countries making up the periphery. CORE GAINED WEALTH AT THE EXPENSE OF THE PERIPHERY
The active promotion of one cultural system over another. (Ex. European Colonialism)
A process of protecting, either formally or informally, the primacy of a certain cultural system against influences from other cultures
The process in which immigrants are culturally assimilated into the larger society
Learned and shared behaviors by a group of people empowering them with a “distinct way of life”; it includes both material, and immaterial components
The process of a former colony’s gaining independence over its territory and establishing an independent government
A four-stage model of population change derived from the historical decline of the natural rate of increase as a population becomes increasingly urbanized though economic development
The annual rate of expansion of GNI
Economic Growth rate
A religion closely identified with a specific ethnic or cultural group, often to point out a defining characteristic of the group. DO NOT seek converts
GNI divided by total population (remember GNI = GDP + the net income from abroad)
GNI per Capita
An agreed upon common language to facilitate communication on specific topics
A relatively homogenous cultural group with its own national territory
rapid growth of a city, most often because of in-migration, exceeds ability for the city to provide jobs, housing, food, water, transportation and sewage.
(RNI) the standard statistic used to express natural population growth per year for a country, region, or the world based upon the difference between birth and death rates. RNI does not consider population change from migration. CAN BE NEGATIVE!
Rate of Natural Increase
Temporary housing developed on land not owned by urban migrants, typically in unoccupied open spaces
Crude factories in developing countries in which workers perform labor-intensive tasks for extremely low wages
The average number of children that will be born by women of a hypothetical, statistically valid, population
Total Fertility Rate
A religion, usually with an active missionary program, that appeals to a large group of people regardless of local culture and conditions. (Ex. Christianity and Islam)
An objective for human-caused change to a natural system (Ex. Carbon emissions from cars ---> global warming)
A spatial region of local plants and animals adapted to a specific environment
A region of similar climatic conditions. (Ex. Marine West Coast in the Western USA)
Graph of average annual temperature and precipitation data by month and season
The spread of desert conditions to semiarid areas owing to improper management of the land
The natural process of lower atmospheric heating that results from the trapping of incoming and reradiated solar energy by water moisture, clouds, and other gases
Term applied to the development of agricultural techniques used in the developing countries that combine new, genetically altered seeds that provide higher yields than native seeds when combined with high inputs of chemical fertilizer, irrigation, and pesticides
An extensive area of grassland in North America. In more humid eastern populations, grasses are longer than in the drier western areas in the shadows of the CO Rockies.
Semiarid grasslands found in many parts of the world. Short and dense grasses
Harmful form of precipitation high in sulfur and nitrogen oxides. Caused by industrial and auto emissions, very harmful to aquatic and forest ecosystems in North America and Europe
coniferous forest found in high altitude or mountainous environments in the northern hemisphere
A simplified description of urban land use: a well defined central business district is surrounded by concentric zones of residential activities, with higher income groups living on the urban periphery
Concentric zone model
The degree to which different locations are linked together through transportation and communication infrastructure
The movement of people out of urban environments to suburban or rural environments
What is the same as Cultural hybridizing?
The uneven inequitable access to the internet and to computer technology based on wealth and education
A shared cultural identity held by a group of people with a common background or history, often as a minority group in a larger whole
Political system in which a significant amount of power is given to individual states; (Ex. Distribution of power in India)
A process of urban revitalization in which higher income residents displace lower income residents in central city neighborhoods
A collection of powerful countries that confers regularly on key economic and political issues. (USA, Canada, Japan, Great Britain, Germany, France, Italy, and Russia)
Group of Eight (G-8)
Various influence that explain why an economic activity takes place where it does
Metropolitan Area in the Eastern USA that includes Washington DC, Baltimore, New York, Philadelphia, and Boston
An agreement made in 1994 between Canada, the United States, and Mexico that established a 15-year plan for reducing all barriers to trade among the three countries
NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement)
Evolution of a labor force from being highly dependent on the primary sector to being oriented around more employment in the secondary, tertiary, and quaternary sectors.
Arctic region with a short growing season in which vegetation is limited to low shrubs, grasses, and flowering herbs
A political system in which power is centralized at the national level
The process in which cities are spread out over a larger geographical area
A simplified description of urban land use, especially descriptive of the modern North American city. Features a number of dispersed, peripheral centers of dynamic commercial and industrial activity linked by sophisticated urban transportation networks.
Urban realms model
What was the woman in the video smuggling across the United States boarder?
Places that are tied together by a common connection form what?
A _____ map is weighted by one distinct characteristic.
What was a popular sport for the young boys in the video?
The General Assembly at the United Nations tends to focus on what international issue?
Economic Growth & development
Generally, globalization is expected to ______ economic growth.
The DVD showed life for people living in a ______.
Remittances are _____ sent home.
Wages and money
In general, global population is increasing. True or false?
False. Population is generally decreasing
Christianity has become a popular religion in what communist Asian country?
A cultures source is called what?
Name a widespread tropical disease in the Amazon.
Where has there been a recent boom in Mayan population?
The video about the arctic described _______?
Melting of the polar ice caps
The inhabitants of Tuvalu may be forced to migrate because of what?
Rising tide and flooding
The largest of the Great Lakes is ______?
Deforestation has become a major issue in what Latin American country?
Land that has undergone deforestation is known as _____?
The largest economy after the United States belongs to _____?
The ancient super continent was called _______?
The Grameen Bank specializes in what kind of banking?
Urban change has almost destroyed the US City of ______?