wk 4 key words ch 47

  1. graft transferred from one part of the pt's body to another part
  2. cleft of the uvula of the soft palate that divides the uvula into two parts
    bifid uvula
  3. surgical repair of a lip defect
  4. plastic surgery of nose and lip
  5. a unilateral or bilateral congenital fissure in the upper lip, usually lateral to the midline; can extend into one nostril or both and may involve the alveolar process; caused by defect in the fusion of the maxillary and globular processes
    cleft lip
  6. a congenital fissure in the palate caused by failure of the palatal shelves to fuse; may extend to connect with unilateral or bilateral cleft lip
    cleft palate
  7. present at and existing from the time of birth
  8. pertaining to the cranium, the part of the skull that encloses the brain, and the face
  9. abnormal functioning of dental structures
    dentally dysfunctional
  10. tissue that is transplanted and expected to become part of the host tissue
  11. genetic transmission of traits from parents to offspring; the hereditary material, chromosomes, is contained within the ovum and sperm (23 ea.), which unite when the sperm penetrates the ovum
  12. pertaining to, or arising through the action of many factors
  13. a prosthesis designed to close a congenital or acquired opening such as the cleft of the hard palate
  14. surgical repositioning of all or parts of the maxilla or mandible
    orthognathic surgery
  15. branch of surgery dealing with the preservation and restoration of function of the skeletal system, its articulation sand associated structures
  16. plastic reconstruction of the palate
  17. anterior part of the maxilla that contains the incisor teeth; bilateral cleft lips separate the premaxilla from its normal fusion with the entire maxilla
  18. an artificial replacement of an absent part of the human body; a therapeutic devise to improve or alter function
  19. the process of restoring a person's ability to live and work as normally as possible after a disabeling injury or illness; aims to help the individual to achieve maximum possible physical and psychologic fitness and to regain ability to carry out personal care
  20. the same goals and objectives as rehabilitation, but for a person with acquired disability for whom the ability to achieve maximum physical and psychologic fitness is acquired for the first time
  21. plastic surgery of the nose
  22. a prosthetic devise with a posterior section to assist with palatopharyngeal closure; also called bulb, speech bulb, or prosthetic speech appliance
    speech aid and prosthesis
  23. a temporary or interim prosthesis used to close a defect in the hard and/or soft palate; may replace tissue lost as a result of developmental or surgical alterations; necessary for intelligible speech
    pediatric speech aid prosthesis
  24. a definitive prosthesis to improve speech by obturating (sealing off) a palatal cleft or occasionally assisting in incompetent soft palate
    adult speech aid prosthesis
  25. a combination of symptoms either resulting from a single cause or occurring so commonly together as to constitute a distinct clinical picture
  26. creation of an opening to the trachea through the neck, with insertion of an indwelling tube to facilitate passage of air or evacuation of secretions
  27. anatomic or functional deficiency in the soft palate or the muscle affecting closure of the opening between the mouth and nose in speech; results in a nasal speech quality
    velopharyngeal insufficiency
  28. covering structure or veil
  29. soft palate
    velum palatinum
Card Set
wk 4 key words ch 47
ch 47 key words theory week #4