Chapter 9

  1. what is g
    • General intelligence
    • s= specific abilities
    • g x s = performance
  2. what is the difference between fluid and crystallized intelligence?
    fluid = ability to learn and solve new problems. highly correlated with g. decreases with age

    • crystalized: accumulated knowledge built up over time
    • increases with age
  3. describe gardner's frames of mind
    intelligence is a whole bunch of different cognitive skills that are separate from each other but work together
  4. describe sternberg's triarchic theory
    3 distinct types of intelligence: Analytic, practical, creative

    analytical is reasoning logically, comparing, analyzing, evaluating. Book smarts. Correlates best with IQ

    Practical is using the things you know in everyday contexts. street smarts.

    Creative is inventing or designing solutions to new problems
  5. list 5 biological bases for intelligence
    • brain size
    • efficiency (less brain activity in ppl who r good at task)
    • speed of information processing
    • memory capacity
    • location
  6. deviation IQ scores
    • mean = 100
    • s.d = 15

    person with IQ of 100 is in the 50th percentile, 0 sd from the mean, and is average

    person with IQ of 70 is sd of -2 and is in the 2nd percentile and is borderline retarded
Card Set
Chapter 9