Phil Test 1 (part 2)

  1. The Metaphysical view that claims reality ultimately consists of two kinds of things is

    C. Dualism
  2. The scientific conception of the nature of the mind tends to take the metaphysical view of:

    B. materialism
  3. The 17th century philosopher who gave us analytic geometry and focused much attention upon the thory of dualism was:

    A. Rene Descartes
  4. Traditionally, one of the most formidable problems facing any metaphysical theory of dualism is:

    A. how a mind and body can interact
  5. From a scientific point of view, dualism lacks feasibility since it

    C. tends to be defended by relitious thinkers
  6. Thomas Hobbes, a contemporary and critic of Descartes, argues that reality ultimately consists of:

    A. matter in motion
  7. Which of the following contemporary theories of the mind would be considered a version of metaphysical materialism?

    C. behaviorism
  8. A fundamental problem with all forms of behaviorism is

    B. accounting for the subjective feature of all consciousness
  9. The Turing Test for determining artificial intelligence involves

    A. being unable to distinguish between the reponses of a computer and those of a human
  10. According to John Searle's Chinese Room argument:

    C. computers only manipulate formal symbols
  11. A fundamental distinction between a computer processing info and the brain processing information is that:

    A. the brain distributes itls load over time but a computer distributes over space
  12. Theories claiming that mental phenomena are really some type of physical phenomena are considered to be:

    D. reductionistic theories
  13. T or F:
    Descartes held that thinking is part of the essence of self
  14. T or F:
    Traditional dualism holds that a human is composed of a material body and an immaterial mind.
  15. T or F:
    Accordign to J.J.C. Smart there is a contingent identity between sensation and brain states.
  16. T or F:
    Hilary Putnam uses the exapmle of a "superactor" and a "superspartan" to prove behaviorism is true.
  17. T or F:
    Functionalism holds that we should explain mental activities and states in terms of inputs and outputs
  18. Define Reductionism
    the idea that one knd of thing is, or can be defined as, another kind of thing
  19. Define Turing Test
    A test for judging when a computer has reached the equivalent of a human mind by determining if the outputs a computer generates in response to the inputs it received are the same as the outputs a human mind woud gernerate in resonse to the same inputs
  20. ID theory (pro/con)
    The idea that mental states are really physical brain states

    Pro - states of consciousness are identical with states of the brain (Smart)

    Con - brain states and experiences are 2 very different things with different qualities
  21. Define Essence
    that which makes an entity what it is; that defining characteristic in whose absence a thing would not be intself
  22. Functionalism (pro/con)
    explanation of mental activites and states as terms that mediate or relate perceptual inputs and behavioral outputs

    pro -

    con - leaves out the inner consious states we are directly aware of (perception)
  23. Who is Hobbes?
    Related to materialism (the existence of consiousness)

    "only matter is real. pereptual desire of mankind is power"
  24. Eliminative Materialism
    We must eliminate our belief in the existence of consiousness. What seemed to be there was merely an appearance.
  25. The belief in an enduring self is a claim that the self

    A. remains the same through change
  26. Plato raised some skeptical concerns about an enduring self because

    A. all parts of our body and soul change dramatically over time
  27. Some philosophers, including John Locke, have argued that personal identity or sameness of self resides in

    C. continuity of memory
  28. According to David Hume, if the self is to be known then it is know through

    B. perception
  29. According to David Hume, we have

    C. no constant and invariable idea of an enduring self
  30. Some modern neurological accounts consider the notion of an enduring self to be

    B. an illusion integration created by the brain
  31. Some contemporary philosophical views have argued that our idea of an enduring self is better understood as

    D. a construction of language
  32. The Japanese rock garden of the Ryoan-Ji temple in Kyoto suggest that the self is

    D. elusive but real
  33. T or F:
    A person always remains the same person even when the person has total amnesia
  34. T or F:
    The philosopher Diotima argued that "unlike the gods, a mortal creature cannot remain the same throughout eternity"
  35. T or F:
    Descartes wrote that "if i should wholly cease to think.. i should at the same time altogether cease to be."
  36. T or F:
    Locke hold that what makes a person at one time the same person he is at a later time, is the fact that he continues to have the same soul
  37. T or F:
    According to the Buddha, the idea of an enduring self is an illusion that produces suffering and egoism
  38. Define Soul
    an immaterial entity that is identified with consciousness, mind or personality

    "I think, therefore I am" - Descartes
  39. No self [Buddhism, Hume]
    We cannot see all 15 stones in the garden at the same time, we cannot see our self. It escapes matter how hard we try
  40. Memory [locke]
    Locke says we do have an enduring self as long as we have memories of how we were thinking, feeling at the time of the behavior.
Card Set
Phil Test 1 (part 2)
Intro to Phil TCC, Test 1, Part 2