# Physical Science Ch 16

 Explanation of how particles in matter behave A. Kinetic theory B. thermal energy C. boiling point kinetic theory The total energy of material's particles that cause particles to vibrate in place A. Kinetic theory B. Thermal energy C. Boiling point Thermal energy Temperature of the substances, or how fast the particles are moving A. Thermal energy B. Melting point C. Average Kinetic energy Average Kinetic energy Particles that are closely packed together in a specific arrangement A. Gaseous state B. Solid state C. Liquid state Solid state The temperature at which a solid will liquify A. Melting point B. Boiling point C. Evaporation Melting point Definite volume but no definite shape A. Solid state B. Gaseous state C. Liquid stae Liquid state Amount of energy needed to change amaterial from the solid state to the liquid state A. Particles B. Heat of fusion C. Heat of vaporization Heat of fusion Matter that has no definite shape and no definite volume A. Gaseous state B. Solid state C. Liquid state Gaseous State The energy required for a liquid to change to a gas A. Particles B. Heat of fusion C. Heat of vaporization Heat of vaporization The temperature a liquid becomes a gas A. Melting point B. Boiling point C. Evaporation Boiling point What are the three states of matter? Solid, Liquid, Gas When gas particles spread evenly throughout their container A. Diffusion B. Plasma C. Thermal expansion diffusion A state of matter consisting of high temperature gas with balanced positively and negativiely charged particles A. Diffusion B. Plasma C. Thermal expansion Plasma The increase in the size of a substance when the temperature increases A. Diffusion B. Plasma C. Thermal expansion Thermal expansion Lack of the ordered sturcture found in crystals A. Solids B. Amorphous solids C. Liquids Amorphous solids Matter that has a definite volume and definite shape A. solid B. liquid C. gas solid The pressure of a gas will increase as the volume of the container decreases provided temperature does not change. A. Archimede's principle B. Boyle's law C. Charles's law Boyle's law Who was the SI unit of pressure named for? A. Blaise Pascal B. Daniel Bernoulli C. Robert Boyle Blaise Pascal The idea that the volume of a gas increases with increasing temperature provided the pressure does not change. A. Boyle's law B. Bernoulli's principle C. Charles's law Charles's law Liquids which keep some ordered structure A. liquid crystals B. plasma C. gases liquid crystals Most matter ___________ when heated. A. contracts B. expands expands Matter in which the particles are free to move in all directions until they have spread evenly throughout their container. A. solid B. liquid C. gas gas When applying Charles's law, temperature must be measured on the ___________ scale. A. Celsius B. Kelvin C. Fahrenheit Kelvin The equation P1V1 = constant = P2V2 applies to _______. A. Charles's law B. Pascal's principle C. Boyle's law Boyle's law The particles that make up a solid move ________ than do the particles that make up a gas. A. more slowly B. more quickly more slowly The idea stating that matter is made up of small particles that are in constant motion is __________. A. Archimede's principle B. Pascal's principle C. kinetic theory of matter kinetic theory of matter The most common state of matter in the universe is __________. A. gas B. solid C. plasma plasma Whether an object will sink of float in a fluid is determined by ______. A. Archimede's principle B. Pascal's principle C. kinetic theory of matter Archimede's principle The buoyant force on an object in a fluid is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the object. A. Archimede's principle B. Pascal's principle C. kinetic theory of matter Archimede's principle Hydraulic machines work by applying A. Archimede's principle B. Pascal's principle C. kinetic theory of matter Pascal's principle Pressure applied to a fluid is transmitted unchanged throughout the fluid. A. Archimede's principle B. Pascal's principle C. kinetic theory of matter Pascal's principle Bernoulli's principle explains why A. boats float B. balloons break C. planes fly planes fly As the velocity of a fluid increases, the pressure exerted by the fluid decreases. A. Bernoulli's principle B. Archimede's principle C. Boyle's law Bernoulli's principle Definite shape, definite volume, particles close together A. solid B. liquid C. gas D. plasma solid No definite volume, no definite shape, particles spread apart A. solid B. liquid C. gas D. plasma or gas Definite volume, no definite shape, particles close together A. solid B. liquid C. gas D. plasma liquid No definite shape or volume, paritcles spread apart A. solid B. liquid C. gas D. plasma gas or plasma Celsius boiling point 100 degrees Celsius Celsius melting point 0 degrees Celsius The ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object. A. kinetic energy B. buoyant force C. thermal energy buoyant force Authorbogera ID64103 Card SetPhysical Science Ch 16 DescriptionPhysical Science Ch 16 Updated2011-02-11T03:14:23Z Show Answers