Human anatomy oral exam#2 part 2

  1. Hyaline cartilage
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    Has a clear matrix in which cells look like bubble going up through clear matrix. Dense and does not move and the most common in the body. Ex. found in larynx
  2. Name that cartilage

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    Hyaline cartilage
  3. Fibrocartilage

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    has a matrix with thick (collagen) fibers. Does not bend much. These are parallel fibers with bubbles. EX: Can be found in the spine.
  4. Name that cartilage

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  5. Elastic cartilage

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    matrix with a thin (elastic) fibers. Elastic fibers look like black wiggly linescan be found in the ears and nose.
  6. Name that cartilage

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    Elastic cartilage
  7. Connective tissue- Bones

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    Have osteocytes embedded in a solid mineral matrix. Mineral matrix is called osteon.
  8. Connective tissue- Blood
    Has a liquid matrix (plasma) that contain erythrocytes (RBC), leucocytes (WBC), and thrombocytes (platelets).
  9. Muscle connective tissue
    Contactile- Cylindrical cells with evident nuclei.
  10. Types of muscle tissue
    skelatal, cardiac, and smooth
  11. Skeletal muscle connective tissue.

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    Voluntary muscles that enable movement. Large striated cells with mutiple peripheral nuclei. These are cylindrical with a large nucleus pushed to the sides. There is no branching.
  12. Cardiac muscle

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    Striated cells with branches and intercalated discs. Involuntary muscle.
  13. Smooth muscle

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    Involuntary muscles on organs. Nonstriated cells with tapering ends. These are long and skinny with nucleus in middle.
  14. Nervous connective tissue
    Conductive cells and supportive cells that enable communication within the body.
  15. Neurons

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    Conductive cell with dendrites, nerve cell body, and axon. It conducts impules in the brain.
  16. Neuroglia cells
    Are supportive tissues of the neurons.
  17. Integumentary system
    skin, hair, and nails
  18. Skin layers
    Epidermis (top), dermis (middle), hypodermis (bottom)

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  19. Epidermis
    Is stratified squamous epithelium. Consists of the stratum corneum, stratum lucidum, stratum granulosum, stratum spinosum, and stratum basale.

    (Califonians Like Grainy Sandy Beaches)

    corneum, lucidium, granulosum, spinosum, basale.
  20. Dermis layers consist of the PDET and RACL, i.e the dermis consists of the PDET RAsCL
    Papillary- Dermal papillae, Elastic fibers, Tactile corpuscles.

    Reticular- Adipose, Collagen fibers, Lamellated corpuscles.
  21. Hypodermis
    Marked by adipose tissue
  22. Hair Sturcture
    Memorize this picture

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  23. Nail Structure
    Memorize this picture

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  24. Glands, name of sweat gland?
    Eccrine gland

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Card Set
Human anatomy oral exam#2 part 2
continuation of part 1