TMS Hebrew Chapter 4

  1. when is a shewa used?
    When a letter stands vowelless at the beginning or in the middle of a word. it is referred to as a half syllable and is normally omitted when the letter stands at the end of a word (except final kap and sometimes final tav.
  2. What is a vocal shewa?
    How is it pronounced?
    • - it is a shewa placed under a letter that begins a syllable. if it is placed under a letter beginning a syllable it is always pronounced.
    • - it is pronounced as a very short, quick seghol (like the a in lament.
  3. Shewa placed under a letter beginning a syllable is _____
    always vocal
  4. Shewas following unaccented full-letter vowels are _____
    always vocal
  5. shewas occuring back to back in the middle of a word follow this pattern:
    • the first is always silent
    • the second is always vocal
  6. shewa placed under the strong dagesh is ____
    both silent and vocal. The strong dagesh represents a doubling of the letter. therefore it is a back to back shewa situation. the first shewa is silent, the second is vocal.
  7. When shewa occurs under the first of two identical consonants, it is _____
  8. When a shewa is placed under a letter that closes or ends a syllable (either in the middle or at the end of a word) , it is a _________
    silent shewa (unpronounced)
  9. Shewa placed under a letter closing a syllable is _______
    • always silent
    • - in such cases the vowel preceding shewa is usually short and unaccented.
  10. Shewa immediatley following an accented syllable is ____
  11. when final kap is vowelless, it always takes a ______
    silent shewa
  12. shewas back to back at the end of a word are_____
    both silent
  13. what letters take a compound or composite shewa?
  14. What is a compound or composite shewa?
    when a shewa occurs under a guttural letter, it requires a short helping vowel to accompany it.
  15. what three different short vowels join shewa to form the compound shewa?
    pathach (horizontal line), seghol (three dots in triangular shape), qames hatuph ("T" shaped)

    - the shewa is unpronounced - only the short vowel is pronounced.
  16. When the gutturals ayin and het (sometimes he) occurat the end of a word , their peculiar pronounciation demand a _______ under the guttural.
    • pathach
    • - this is called a pathach furtive.
  17. - When is the pathach furtive used?
    - when is it pronounced?
    • - when the terminal guttural is preceded by a long vowel.
    • - it is pronounced before the terminal guttural.
  18. When is a syllable open?
    When is a syllable closed?
    • open = ending in a vowel
    • closed = ending in a consonant
  19. A word has a many syllables as it has _______
    regular vowels
  20. Normally, long vowels occur in ________ syllables.
    Short vowels occur in ____ syllables.

    what are the exceptions to this rule?
    • - open
    • - closed.

    • - exceptions occur in connection with accentuation:
    • 1. if the long vowel is accented, it may occur in a closed syllable.
    • 2. if the short vowel is accented, it may occur in an open syllable.
  21. normally, a short vowel is found in syllables which are ______ and have _______
    • - closed
    • - no accent.
Card Set
TMS Hebrew Chapter 4
half-vowels, syllables