Keeping the Republic

  1. Feudalism
    Social system based on a frigid social and political hierarchy based on the ownership of the land
  2. Puritans
    Protestant religious sect that sought to reform the Church of England in the 16th and 17th centuries
  3. French and Indian War
    • 1754-1763
    • War between France and England and allied Indians. France was expelled from the New World
  4. "Common Sense"
    • 1776
    • Thomas Paine
    • Persuaded Americans to support the Revolutionary cause
  5. Declaration of Independence
    Political document that dissolved the colonial ties between the United States and Spain
  6. What is a constitution?
    Rules that establish a government
  7. Articles of Confederation
    • 1777
    • First constitution
    • Created an association of states with weak central gov
  8. Confederation
    Gov in which independent states unite for common purpose, but retain their own sovereignty
  9. Popular tyranny
    Unrestrained power of the people
  10. Shay's Rebellion
    • 1787
    • Massachusetts farmers protested foreclosures
  11. Federalism
    Power is divided between the central and regional units
  12. Federalists
    Supporters of Constitution who favored strong central gov
  13. Anti-Federalists
    Advocates of states rights who opposed Constitution
  14. Virginia Plan
    Proposal at the Constitutional convention that congressional representation be based on population - favored larger states
  15. New Jersey Plan
    Congressional representation should be equal - favored small states
  16. Great Compromise
    Solution to congressional representation- equal votes in the Senate, votes by population in the House
  17. Three-Fifths Compromise
    5 slaves = 3 people
  18. Ratification
    Process through which a proposal is formally approved and adopted by vote
  19. The Federalist Papers
    Series of essays written in support of the Constitution to build support for it's ratification
  20. Factions
    Groups the citizens united by some common passion or interest and opposed to the rights of other citizens or to the interests of the whole community
  21. Bill of Rights
    Summary of citizen rights guaranteed and protected by a gov added to the Constitution as its first ten amendments in order to achieve ratification
  22. Legislature
    The body of gov that makes laws
  23. Bicameral Legislature
    Legislature with 2 children
  24. Republic
    Gov in which decisions are made through representatives of the people
  25. Unicameral Legislature
    Legislature with one chamber
  26. Executive
    Branch of gov responsible for putting laws into effect
  27. Electoral College
    Intermediary body that elects the president
  28. Judicial power
    Power to interpret laws and judge whether a law has been broken
  29. Judicial review
    Power of the Supreme Court to rule on the constitutionally of laws
Card Set
Keeping the Republic
Chapters 3&4