Geography pages 24-31, 34-35, 41-49

  1. Revolution
    One earth year
  2. Tropics
    Low latitude areas near the equator that receive a lot of solar energy
  3. Polar regions
    Areas that are at high latitude regions and cold most of the time
  4. Solstice
    the time when earths poles point at their greatest angle toward or away from the sun
  5. equinox
    when earths poles are at equal 90 degrees
  6. atmosphere
    the envelope of gases that surrounds earth
  7. lithosphere
    the solid crust of the planet
  8. hydrosphere
    all of the earths water
  9. biosphere
    is the part of the earth that includes all life forms
  10. prevailing winds
    winds that blow from the same direction most of the time
  11. doldrums
    the zone along the equator is calm, with no prevailing winds
  12. front
    when two air masses of widely different temperatures or moisture levels meet
  13. rain shadow
    the side of a mountain facing away from wind is the leeward side, as the air moves down it warms and dries. Deserts are often located in rain shadows.
  14. gulf stream
    the northward flowing warm current along the U.S. east coast
  15. orographic effect
    this effect occurs when moist air pushes against a mountain. The barrier forces the air to rise. The rising air cools and condenses, forming clouds and causing precipitation. This side of the mountain or the windward side receives a great deal of moisture.
  16. Typhoons
    The term for hurricanes in the western Pacific Ocean
  17. Hurricanes
    The most powerful and destructive tropical cyclones
  18. Cyclones
    Winds around centers of low atmospheric pressure
Card Set
Geography pages 24-31, 34-35, 41-49
Geography pages 24-31, 34-35, 41-49