the absence of peristalis of the lower esophagus resulting in difficulty swallowing, regurgitation and sometimes pain
What is amylase?
an enzyme that aids in the digestion of stach
what is chyme?
mixture of food with saliva and salivary enzymes as the food passes throught the mouth , esophagus and the stomach
What is a fibroscopy?
intubation of a part of the GI system witha flexble lighted tube to assist in diagnosis and tx of diseases of that area
what is intrinsic factor?
a gastric secretion that combines with
B12 so that the vitamin can be absorbed.
What is lipase?
an enzyme that aids in the digestion of fats
What is pepsin?
a gastric enzyme that is important in protien digestion
What is trypsin?
an enzyme that aids in the digestion of protien.
What is Dysphagia?
What is dysplasia?
abnomal change in cells
What is a esophagogastroduodenoscopy(EGD) ?
A passage of a fiberoptic tube through the mouth and throat into the digestive tract for visualization of the esophagus, stomach and small intestine. BX can be performed.
What is gastroesophageal reflux?
backflow of gastric or duodenal contents into the esophagus
What is a hernia?
A protrusion of an organ or part of an organ through the wall of the cavity that normally contains it
What is a lithotripsy?
use of shock waves to break up or disintegrate stones
What is odynophagia?
pain on swallowing
What is parotitis?
inflammation of the parotid gland
What is periapical abscess?
What is pyrosis?
What is sialadenitis?
inflammation of the salivary glands
What is stomatitis?
inflammation of the oral mucosa
A group of conditions that cause pain or dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is what ?
Dumping syndrome; gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea and abd cramping resulting from rapid gastric emptying is called what?
What is the medical term fro dry mouth?
What is the valve that prevents return or backward flow of fluid?
What is the removal or substance by suctioning ; the breathing of fluid or food into the trachea and lungs?
What is a feeding that is administered in large amounts to the stomach at designated intervals?
What is a CVAD (central venous access device)?
A device designed for long term administration of medications and fluids into central veins.
What is a cyclic feeding?
periodic infusion of feedings given over a short period (8-18 hours)
What is a rapid emptying of the stomach contents in to the small intestine that causes diarrhea sweating , and weakness called?
What is the first part of the small intestine called ?
Feedings that are introduced through a tube directly into the GI Tract are classified as what kind?
What is a surgical creation of an opening into the stomach called?
What is intubation?
A insertion or placement of a tube into a body structure or passageway
What is the second portion of the small intesting called?
What is the flushing of the stomach with water or other fluids with a gastric tube called?
What is a nasoduodenal tube ?
A tube that is inserted through the nose into the proximal potion of the small intestine
What is a nasoenteric tube
a tube that is inserted through the nose into the stomach and beyond to the pylorus into the small intestine
What is a orogastric tube?
A tube inserted through the mouth into the stomach
The ionic concentration of a fluid is called what?
What is parenteral nutrition?
Method of supplying nutrients to the body by intravenous route
Can be easily located on a XRAY
An artifical opening between a body cavity and the body surface is called what?
What is a stylet?
A stiff wire placed in a catheter or tube that allows the tube to maintian its shape while being inserted
What is TNA(Total nutrient admixture)?
an admixture of lipid emulsions, proteins, carbohydrates, electrolyes, vitamins, reace minerals and water
What is anchlorydria?
lack of hyrdochloric acid in digestive secretions of the stomach
What is an antrectomy?
removal of the pyloric portion of the stomach with anastomosis to the duodenum
What is the fluoroscopic xray of the small intesting, when a tube is placed through the nose through the esophagus to the stomach and a braium based liquid is inserted an xrays are performed while the liquid passes through the duodenum
Its called a enteroclysis
A spiral shaped , gram negative bacterium that colonizes in the gastric mucosa and is invloved in most cases of peptic ulcer disease
What is it called when the pt vomits blood?
A pharmacologic agent that inhibits histamine action at the H2 receptors of the stomach resulting in inhibition of gastric acid secretions is called ???