psych 5 adolescence

  1. adolescence
    the transition period from childhood to adulthood, extending from puberty to independence. (p. 154)
  2. puberty:
    the period of sexual maturation, during which a person becomes capable of reproducing. (p. 155)
  3. primary sex characteristics:
    the body structures (ovaries, testes, and external genitalia) that make sexual reproduction possible. (p. 155)
  4. secondary sex characteristics:
    nonreproductive sexual characteristics, such as female breasts and hips, male voice quality, and body hair. (p. 155)
  5. menarche: [meh-NAR-key]
    the first menstrual period. (p. 155)
  6. Lawrence Kohlberg-moral thinking-3 levels
    • Preconventional morality Before age 9, most children’s morality focuses on self-interest: They obey rules either to avoid punishment or to gain concrete rewards.
    • Conventional morality By early adolescence, morality focuses on caring for others and on upholding laws and social rules, simply because they are the laws and rules.
    • Postconventional morality With the abstract reasoning of formal operational thought, people may reach a third moral level. Actions are judged “right” because they flow from people’s rights or from self-defined, basic ethical principles.
  7. social identity:
    the “we” aspect of our self-concept; the part of our answer to “Who am I?” that comes from our group memberships. (p. 159)
  8. intimacy: in Erikson’s theory,
    the ability to form close, loving relationships; a primary developmental task in late adolescence and early adulthood. (p. 160)
  9. emerging adulthood:
    for some people in modern cultures, a period from the late teens to mid-twenties, bridging the gap between adolescentdependence and full independence and responsible adulthood. (p. 162)
  10. According to Kohlberg, preconventional morality focuses on _______; conventional morality is more concerned with _______.
    self-interest; upholding laws and social rules
  11. According to Piaget, the ability to think logically about abstractions indicates
    formal operational thought
  12. Primary sex characteristics relate to _____; secondary sex characteristics refer to ____
    reproductive organs; nonreproductive traits
  13. In Erikson’s stages, the primary task during adolescence is
    forging an identity
  14. emerging adulthood.
    Some developmental psychologists now refer to the period from age 18 to the mid-twenties and beyond (up to the time of social independence) as
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psych 5 adolescence