4 Physical Aspects of Singing
4 Steps to Diagnosing a Student
- Know Standard
- Compare Student to Standard
- Correct (use physical analgoes)
4 Categories to Organize Diagnosing Info
Goals of Studying Voice
- Efficient, effiective singing that is:
- independent of technological enhancements no matter what "style"
Benefits of Studying Voice
- Christian: stewardship, worship, uniqueness, perspective
Psychology of Singing
Aligning with Reality
- Innate skills
- Inner determination
- Vocal self-image/identity
- External vs. internal
- Left brain/right brain
- Goals: personal/pedagogical
- Informal patient observations
- Patient self-evaluation
- Systematic testing:
- - symptons
- - cause
- - remedies
Voice Teachers Must Have:
- Standard/tonal ideal
- - function (health) & aesthetics (beauty)
- Comprehensive knowledge of vocal mechanism & function
- - anatomy, acoustics
- Ability to express oneself
- - articulate communicator: image, manipulation, expression
- Skill as a psychologist
- - vocal identities, history, fears & dreams, values & priorities
Problesm Classified by Physiology
What can breath be used to express?
Emotions: joy, anger, frea, determination, freedom, oppression, etc.
Two Processes of Breathing
Path of Breath
- Nose or Mouth
- Bronchial Tubes
What are Lungs?
Organs - cannot move by themselves
Surround lungs and attach them to surroundings
How do the Lungs move?
The ribs pull the lungs out while the diaphragm pulls them down, creating a partial vacuum.
To what does the Diaphragm attach itself?
Sternum, lowest ribs, spine (pillars of the diaphragm)
How is the diaphragm shaped, and how does it contract?
It is shaped like an upsidedown bowl, and it lowers and flattens when contracted.
How do the Ribs move?
External Intercostal Muscles
- Used while inhaling
- Move the ribs up and out
- Must relax to lower ribs
Internal Intercostal Muscles
- Used while exhaling
- Moves ribs down and in
- Compresses lungs
To what do the Abs connect?
What are the four Ab layers?
- Rectus Abdominus
- Internal Obliques
- External Obliques
- 1st layer of ab muscles
- Fibers fun from Side to Middle
- 2nd layer of ab muscles
- 4 Bellies that can contract together or independently
- Fibers run from Pubic to Sternum
- 3rd layer of ab muscles
- Fibers Outside Down and Middle Up
- 4th layer of ab muscles
- Run Outside Up and Middle Down
Where does the Viscera sit?
Snugly between the abs and diaphragm
What is the Viscera?
Various organs including: liver, stomach, large & small intestines, etc.
What is muscle antagonism?
Tension caused when two muscles work against each other
Where does muscle antagonism occur in singing?
- Between abs & external intercostals/diaphragm
- Abs steadly contract in and up, pushing up against the viscera