1. a condition that shows round calyces with renal pelvis dilation measuring greater than 10min in the anteroposterior direction is
  2. protusion of the posterior wall of the urinary bladder which contains the trigone of the bladder and the ureteric orifices is called
    exstrophy of the bladder
  3. a condition in which both ovarian and testicular tissues are present is
  4. sonographic findings on renal agenesis include all except which of the following
    dilated feral bladder
  5. renal agenesis oligohydramnios pulmonary hypopasia abnormal facies and malformed hands and feet may be found in
    Potters syndrome
  6. the most common characteristic of multicystic dysplastic kidney disease is
    multiple noncommunicating cysts of variable size
  7. the most common site of hydronephrosis in the neonate is the
    ureteropelvic junction
  8. all except which of the following findings are seen in hydronephrosis
    renal enlargement
  9. a dilated bladder with key hole appearance is most likely
    posterior urethral valve obstruction
  10. sonographic findings in prun belly syndrome include all except
    renal agenesis
  11. this occurs when the kidney is located in the opposite side of its ureteral orifice
    crossed renal ectopia
  12. a condition in which the renal system fails to develop is called
    renal agenesis
  13. the permanent kidner arise from the
  14. the ureteric bud gives rise to all except
    Bowmans capsule
  15. the kidneys initially lie
    very close together in the pelvis
  16. this develops if the lumen of the allantois persists while the urachus forms
    urachal fistula
  17. the normal AP diameter of the renal pelvis in a 20week should not exceed
  18. a cystic dilation of the intravesical segment of the distal ureter is
  19. the most likely cause of bilateral hyronephrosis in the fetus is
    bladder oulet obstuction
  20. normal amniotic fluid volume can not exclude agenesis prior to ______ weeks gestation
  21. sonographic findings in posterior urethral valve obstruction include all except
    thinning of the bladder wall
  22. which of the following statements about a fetal ovarian cyst is incorrect
    a fetal ovarian cyst has no diagnostic significance
  23. when the fetal kidneys appear enlarged and echogenic the sonographer should suspect
    infantile polycystic disease
  24. renal malformations may be divided into 2 catagories
    congenital and obstructive
  25. which of the following syndrome is not associated with systic renal disease
    beck-wiedemann syndrome
  26. protrusion of the brain from the cranial cavity called
  27. estencive facial screening may be hindered by all except
  28. craniosynostoses may be defined as
    premature closure of the cranial sutures
  29. an abnormal protrusion of the eyeball is
  30. which of the following statement about the facial profile is incorrect
    the facial profile has a strawberry shaped canium bulging of occipital bones
  31. evaluation of the nasal triad should include all except
    nostril length
  32. which of the following statements about cleft lip and palate is false
    a complete bilateral cleft lip and palate is a small gap in the left upper lip on modified coronal view the nose is flattened and widened
  33. wich statement about an epignathus is false
    swallowing is not impaired in fetuses with epignathus
  34. the most common neck mass is
    cystic hygroma colli
  35. a group of disorders that have in common the coexistence of omphalocele macroglossia and visceromegaly is
    beck with weidemann syndrome
  36. the bridge of the nose originated from
    frontal prominence
  37. proboscis suggests
  38. the optimal gestational age for measurement of nuchal translucency is
    11-13 weeks
  39. the most common congenital anomaly of the face is
    cleft lip
  40. underdevelopment of the jaw and cheek bone is associated with
    treacher collins syndrome
  41. what is a term describing a small chin
  42. which of the following statements about facial anomalies is correct
    facial anomalies occur as isolated defects or as part of a syndrome
  43. an elongated forehead in the sagittal plane and triangular in shape in the axial plane describes
  44. ear malformation may be observed in
    Goldenhar's syndrome
  45. cleft lip with ot without cleft palate is seen more frequently in
    native americans
  46. which of the following phrases about a fetal goiter is incorrect
    appears heterogeneous
  47. congenital anomalies of the face happen in
    1:600 births
  48. an isolated unlateral cleft lip commonly originates
    on the left side of the face
  49. which of the following about neck teratomas in incorrect
    usually located posteriorly
  50. the fetal membranes are comprised of all except
  51. the chorionic plate is related to
    the feral portion developed from the chorion frondosum
  52. the decidual reaction that changed in the endometrium opposite the site of implantaion is
    decidual vera
  53. the major functioning unit of the placenta is
    chorionic villus
  54. the placental performs all except
  55. the velamentous placenta refers to
    membranous insertion of the cord
  56. by 9 wks the yolk sac should measure
    less than 5mm in diameter
  57. fusion of the amnion and chorion should occur by
  58. the function of the hCG is to
    maintain the corpus luteum in early pregnancy
  59. a marginal or eccentric insertion of the umbilical cord into the placenta is
    battledore placental
  60. the primary cause of placentalmegaly is
    maternal diabetes
  61. the most common site of fibrin deposition is
    along the subchorionic area
  62. the most dangerous type of placenta accreta is
  63. the presence of one or more accessory lobes connected to the body of the placenta by blood vessls in
    succenturiate placents
  64. which of the following statements about placental abruption is false
    the bleed may lead to a chorioangioma
  65. an example of a low pressure bleed is
    marginal abruption
  66. the maternal side of the placenta is
    decidual basalis
  67. the chorion around the gerstational sac on the opposite side of the implantation is the
    chorion laeve
  68. a marginal placental previa demonstates
    the placenta i the right lateral position
  69. which of the following might demonstrate a small placenta
    chromosomal abnormality
  70. occurs when the intramembranous vessels course across the internal cervical os
    vasa previa
  71. growth of the chorionic villi superficially into the myometrium desvribes
    placenta accreta
  72. attachment of the placental membranes to the fetal surface of the placenta is demonstrated on u/s. this most likely represents
  73. what is the most common cord entaglement in the fetus
    nuchal cord
  74. if a single umbilical artery is seen the sonographer should search for
    abdominal wall defect
  75. this may be formed when a loop of cord is slipped over the fetal head or shoulder during delivery
    true knots of the cord
  76. what occurs when the cord inserts into the membranes before it enters the placenta
    velamentous insertion
  77. cord prolapse problems cam be produced during all except
    velamentous insertion
  78. one of the problems that may lead to inadequated fetal descent is a
    short cord
  79. after birth the ductus venosus turns into the
    ligamentum venosum
  80. thrombosis of the umbilical vessles is most common in
    umbilical vein
  81. all except which of the following states are correct about true knots of the cord
    it does not affect the mortality rate
  82. which statement about umbilical cord is false
    the persistence of the left umbilical vein is rare
  83. the umbilical cord is formed by the fusion of
    yolk stalk and allantonic ducts
  84. in the first trimester the length of the umbilical cord is approximately the same size as the
    crown-rump length
  85. the normal length of the umbilical cord measures
    40-60 cm
  86. a cystic mass in the umbilical cord is usually
    allantoic in origin
  87. velamentous umbilical cord insertion is associated with all except
    large for gestational age
  88. which of the following statements about a single umbilical artery is false
    the right umbilical artery is absent more often than the left umbilical artery
  89. prolapse of the umbilical cord occur when
    the cord lies below the presenting part
  90. condition predisposing a fetus to cord prolapse includes all excepts
    normal fetal presentation
  91. a short cord measures less than
  92. which of the following statements about the umbilical cord is incorrect
    the chorion covers the cord and blends with the fetal skin at the umbilicus
  93. failure of the anterior abdominal wall to close completely at the level of the umbilicus describes
    umbilical herniation
  94. coiling of the umbilical cord
    toward the right has a higher incidence of fetal anomalies
  95. false knots of the umbilical cord
    occur when the blood vessels are longer than the cord
  96. a long umbilical cord measures greater than
  97. a hyposplastic umbilical artery is defined as a three vessel cord when the artery to artery difference is greater than
  98. the multiple fibrous strands of amnion that develop in utero that may entangle fetal parts to cause amputations or malformation of the fetus are described as
    amniotic bands
  99. this is produced by the umbilical cord and membranes the fetal lung, skin, and kidney
    amniotic fluid
  100. the fetal production of urine and the ability to swallow begins during which wks of gestation
  101. the amount of amniotic fluid is regulated by all except
    fluid exchange within the heart
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