Music History II Test 1

  1. Enlightment
    An intellectual movement of the eighteenth century whose central themes were reason, nature, and progress.
  2. Galant
    Eighteenth-century musical style that featured songlike melodies, short phrases, frequent cadences, and light accompaniment.
  3. Emfindsamer Stil
    • Close relative of the galant style, featuring
    • surprising turns of harmony, chromaticism, nervous rhythms, and speechlike melodies.

    North German sensitive or sentimental style.
  4. Da Capo
    Creates an ABA form
  5. Sonata Form
    Form typically used in the first movements of sonatas, instrumental chamber works, and symphonies during the classic period.

    An expansion of rounded binary form.
  6. Rondo
    Musical form in which the first or main section recurs, usually in the tonic, between subsidiary sections or episodes.
  7. Sonata-rondo
    A form that blends characteristics of sonata form and rondo form.
  8. Opera seria
    Italian serious opera
  9. Opera Buffa
    Full length work with six or more characters and was sung throughout
  10. Dramma Giocoso
    Italian comic opera with some serious elements.
  11. Intermezzo
    Comic work performed between the acts of opera seria
  12. Ballad opera
    Light, comic opera of England, Ireland, and America.
  13. Singspiel
    Light opera of north and central Germany
  14. Opera Comique
    Opera with a French text and spoken dialogue
  15. Romance
    Lyrical, strophic poem or setting of poem on subject of love.
  16. Sonata
    Became the major genre in the Classic period.
  17. Concerto
    Multi-movement work for soloist/small group and orchestra.
  18. Sinfonia
    Italian opera overture
  19. Symphony
    Three or four movement work for orchestra
  20. Symphonie concertante
    Concerto-like work with two or more soloists.
  21. What is a characteristic of opera seria?
    Frequent arias
  22. What characterizes opera comique?
    Simple melodies called ariettas
  23. What is not a belief of Gluck?
    Music should assimilate learned complexities
  24. What religion adapted church music to the style of opera?
  25. What was the primary type of sacred music in New England during the colonial period?
  26. Harpsichord
    Pluck the strings
  27. Clavichord
    Tangent to strike the strings
  28. Fortepiano
    Hammers to strike the strings
  29. What instrument was invented in 1710 and became a standard woodwind member by 1780?
  30. What center developed an orchestra, referred to as "an army of generals," that was renowned throughout Europe for its precision and technique?
  31. What does not describe the sonatas of CPE Bach?
    They sustain the Baroque style well into the Classic era
  32. In what region did the symphony originate?
  33. By the end of the eighteenth century, the role of leading the orchestra fell to...
    The leader of the violins
  34. What is not a characteristic of sonata form as described by Heinrich Christoph Koch?
    The form is divided into three principal sections
  35. What does not characterize a concerto cadenza in the Classic era?
    The cadenza was placed at the end of the second solo section
  36. Domonico Scarlatti
    • Sonata in D major
    • 1740s
  37. CPE Bach
    • Sonata in A major
    • 1765
  38. GB Sammartini
    • Symphony in F major
    • 1740
  39. Johann Stamitz
    • Sinfonia a 8 in E-flat major
    • Mid-1750s
  40. JC Bach
    • Concerto for harpsichord or Piano and Strings in E-flat major
    • 1770s
  41. This Italian was the first important composer of symphonies.
    GP Sammartini
  42. Writing in Vienna, his symphonies features contrasting themes.
    Georg Wagenseil
  43. Active in London, he was an important influence on the young Mozart.
    JC Bach
  44. His considered to be one of the leading composers of symphonies in France.
    Francois-Joseph Gossec
  45. He was the founder of the symphony school in Mannheim.
    Johann Stamitz
  46. Eine kleine Nachtmusik
    • 1787
    • Serenade for string quintet
  47. Franz Xaver Sussmayer
    • Pupil of Mozart's
    • Completed the Requiem
  48. Die Zaruberflote
    • 1791
    • Singspiel that incorporates Masonic elements
  49. Le Nozze di Figaro
    • 1786
    • Opera buffa based on Beaumarchais play
  50. Ludwig Kochel
    Cataloguer of Mozart's works
  51. Idomeneo
    • 1781
    • First mature opera seria
  52. Lorenzo da Ponte
    Librettist with whom Mozart often collaborated
  53. Don Giovanni
    • 1787
    • Dramma giocoso based on medieval legend
  54. Franz von Walsegg
    Commissioned the Requiem mass
  55. Die Entfuhrung aus dem Serail
    • 1782
    • Singspiel set in a Turkish Harem
  56. Which instrumental genre represents Mozart's chief contribution to the literature?
    Piano Concerto
  57. How many symphonies did Mozart write in Vienna?
  58. In what two cities did Mozart live and work for most of his life?
    • Salzburg
    • Vienna
  59. Name the three composers who had significant influence on Mozart's mature style.
    • Haydn
    • JS Bach
    • Handel
Card Set
Music History II Test 1
Music history