Digestive diseases and disorders

  1. Gingivitis
    • Infection of the gums
    • Caused by plaque around base of teeth.
  2. Stomatitis
    • Infection of mucus lining of mouth.
    • Cased by viral infection (herpes simplex)
  3. Vincent Infection
    (Trench mouth)
    • Painful ulcerations of mucus lining of mouth.
    • Secondary infection to gingivitis.
  4. Thrush
    • Fungal Infection of the mouth.
    • Caused by yeast.
  5. Caries
    • Tooth decay.
    • Caused by bacteria and plaque.
  6. Glossitis
    • Inflamation of tongue.
    • Caused by strep, vitamin deficiency, anemia, irritation.
  7. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
    • Heartburn.
    • Caused by poor cardiac sphincter function.
  8. Esophagitis
    Inflamation of the esophagus.
  9. Gastritis
    • Inflamation of the stomach or intestine.
    • Caused by bacteria, spoiled food, drugs or stress.
  10. Gastric Ulcer
    • Lesion of mucosal lining of stomach or intestine.
    • Caused by stomach acids.
  11. Pyloric Stenosis
    • Narrowing of the pyloric sphincter.
    • Caused by a developmental error of the sphinctor muscle.
  12. Hiatal Hernia
    • Protusion of the stomach through diaphram into chest cavity.
    • Caused by congenital defect in the diaphragm.
  13. Celiac Sprue
    • Malabsorption disease with mucosal damage to small intestine.
    • Caused by glutem intolerence.
  14. Intussusception
    • Telescoping of one part of the intestine into another.
    • May be caused by tumors or polyps.
  15. Crohn disease
    Chronic inflamation of the ileum.
  16. Hirschsprung disease (megacolon)
    Chronic inflamation of the ileum.
  17. Appendicitis
    • Inflamation of the vermiform appendix.
    • Caused by blockage of appendix allowing bacteria to multiply.
  18. Ulcerative colitis
    Inflammation of the mucosa of colon and rectum.
  19. Diverticulitis
    • Inflamation of small out-patches in colon.
    • Caused by blockage causing bacteria to multiply.
  20. Volvulus
    • Colon twisting on itself.
    • Caused by abnormal embryonic development.
  21. Hemorrhoids
    • Dilated veins in rectum and anus.
    • Caused by blockage or pressure.
  22. Hepatitis A
    • Inflamation of the liver caused by viral infection.
    • Caused by drinking conataminated water,or eating contaminated shellfish.
  23. Hepatitis B
    • Inflamation of the liver caused by viral infection.
    • Transmitted through blood and body fluids.
  24. Hepititis C
    • Inflamation of the liver caused by viral infection.
    • Transmitted through infected blood.
  25. Pancreatitis
    • Inflammation of the pancreas.
    • Caused by excessive alcohol consumption or bile duct obstructed with gallstones.
  26. Cholecystitis
    • Inflamation of the gallbladder.
    • Caused by gallstone becoming lodged in cystic duct.
  27. Cholelithiasis
    Gallstones lodged in common bile duct.
Card Set
Digestive diseases and disorders
Digestive diseases and disorders