1. androgen
    -A steroid hormone, such as testosterone or androsterone, that controls the development and maintenance of masculine characteristics.
  2. balanitis
    -is an inflammation of the foreskin and head of the penis.
  3. cryogenic surgery

    cry-o-gen-ic [krahy-uh-jen-ik]
    -surgery involving the selective destruction of tissues by freezing them, as with liquid nitrogen.
  4. cryptorchidism

    cryp-tor-chi-dism [krip-tawr-ki-diz-uh m]
    -is the absence of one or both testes from the scrotum.

    -It is the most common birth defect regarding male genitalia.
  5. epididymitis

    ep-i-did-y-mi-i-tis [ep-i-di-mi-i-tis]
    -is swelling (inflammation) of the epididymis, the tube that connects the testicle with the vas deferens.

    -epididymis (a curved structure at the back of the testicle in which sperm matures.)
  6. gonorrhea
    • -(also colloquially known as the clap)
    • -is a common sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
  7. hydrocele

    dy-dro-cele [hahy-druh-seel]
    -is a fluid-filled sack along the spermatic cord within the scrotum.

    -The main symptom is a painless, swollen testicle , which feels like a water balloon.
  8. orchiectomy

    or-chi-ec-to-my [awr-kee-ek-tuh-mee]
    -is the removal of the testicles.
  9. orchitis

    or-chi-tis [awr-kahy-tis]
    -is swelling (inflammation) of one or both of the testicles.
  10. penile
    -Of or relating to the penis.
  11. penoscrotal
    -of or relating to the penis and scrotum.
  12. prostatitis

    pros-ta-ti-tis [pros-tuh-tahy-tis]
    -is an inflammation of the prostate gland, in men.
  13. prostatectomy
    -is the surgical removal of all or part of the prostate gland.
  14. seminiferous tubules

    sem-i-nif-er-ous [sem-uh-nif-er-uh s]
    -are located in the testes, and are the specific location of meiosis, and the subsequent creation of gametes, namely spermatozoa.

    -Any of the tubercles of the testes which produce.
  15. spermolytic
    -Destruction, with dissolution, of the sperms.
  16. oligospermia
    -Low sperm count.

    • -also oligozoospermia, refers to semen with a low
    • concentration of sperm and is a common finding in male infertility.
  17. aspermia
    -is the complete lack of semen (not to be confused with azoospermia, the lack of sperm cells in the semen).

    -the condition where there are no sperm present in the male semen.
  18. teratoma

    ter-a-to-ma [ter-uh-toh-muh]
    -is an encapsulated tumor with tissue or organ components resembling normal derivatives of all three germ layers.

    -A type of germ cell tumor that may contain several different types of tissue and sometimes mature elements such as hair, muscle, and bone.
  19. testicular
    -pertaining to the testicles.
  20. varicocele

    var-i-co-cele [var-i-koh-seel]
    -is a widening of the veins along the cord that holds up a man's testicles.

    -is an abnormal enlargement of the vein that is in the scrotum draining the testicles.
  21. vasectomy
    -is a surgical procedure in which the vasa deferentia of a man are severed, and sometimes tied or sealed.

    -A vasectomy is considered a permanent method of birth control.

    -A vasectomy prevents the release of sperm when a man ejaculates.
  22. azoospermia
    -is the term used when there is a complete absence of sperm in the ejaculate.
  23. spermatogenesis

    sper-mat-o-gen-e-sis [spur-mat-uh-jen-uh-sis]
    -is the process of sperm cell development.

    -Formation and development of spermatozoa by meiosis and spermiogenesis.
  24. testosterone
    -is a hormone produced by the testicles and is responsible for the proper development of male sexual characteristics.
  25. orchiopexy
    -(or orchidopexy) is a surgery to move an undescended testicle into the scrotum and permanently fix it there.
  26. vasovasostomy

    vas-o-va-sos-to-my [vas-oh-va-sos-tuh-mee]
    -(literally connection of the vas to the vas) is a surgery by which vasectomies are partially reversed.
  27. hypospadias
    -the urinary tract opening is not at the tip of the penis.
  28. parenchyma

    pa-ren-chy-ma [puh-reng-kuh-muh]
    -a term used to describe a bulk of a substance.
  29. stroma

    stro-ma [stroh-muh]
    -are connective tissue cells of an organ.
  30. phimosis

    phi-mo-sis [fahy-moh-sis]
    -inability to retract the distal foreskin over the glans penis.
  31. testicular seminoma
    -Testicular cancer
  32. carcinoma of the testes (testicular cancer)
    -Malignant tumor of the testicles.
  33. cryptorchidism; cryptorchism
    -Undescended testicles

    **Orchiopexy is performed to bring the testes into the scrotum.
  34. hydrocele
    -Sac of clear fluid in the scrotum
  35. testicular torsion
    -Twisting of the spermatic cord
  36. varicocele
    -Enlarged, dilated veins near the testicle.

    • Associated with:
    • *oligospermia & azoospermia
  37. benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
    -Benign growth of cells within the prostate gland.

    • Cause:
    • *common in men > 60yr age.

    • Symptoms:
    • *urinary obstruction
    • *inability to empty the bladder completely.
  38. carcinoma of the prostate (prostate cancer)
    -Malignant tumor of the prostate gland.

    • Cause:
    • *common occurs in men > 50yr old.
  39. hypospadias; hypospadia
    -Congenital abnormality in which the male urethral opening is on the undersurface of the penis, instead of at its tip.
  40. phimosis

    phi-mo-sis [fahy-moh-sis]
    -Narrowing (stricture) of the opening of the prepuce over the glans penis.
  41. chlamydial infection
    -Bacterial invasion (by Chlamydia trachomatis) of the urethra and reproductive tract.

    • Symptoms:
    • *occur within 3wk after becoming infected
    • *may experience a burning sendation on urination *white or clear discharge from the penis
  42. gonorrhea
    -Inflammation of the genital tract mucosa, caused by infection with gonococci (berry-shaped bacteria).

    • Symptoms:
    • *Men: dysuria, yellow discharge
    • *Women: pain, vaginal + urethral discharge, salpingitis (PID).
  43. herpes genitalis
    -Infection of skin and genital mucosa, caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV).

    • Cause:
    • *HSV1 + HSV2
    • *oral infections
    • ---cold sores, fever blisters
    • ---reddening of skin w/ formation of small, fluid-filled blisters and ulcers.

    • Symptoms:
    • *inguinal lymphadenopathy
    • *fever, headache, malaise
  44. human papillomavirus (HPV) infection
    -Infection of the skin and mucous membranes in the anogenital region by the human papillomavirus.

    • Possible Risks:
    • *genital warts
    • *cervix cancer
  45. syphillis
    • -Chronic STD caused by a spirochete (spiral-shaped bacterium).
    • -known as "great pox"

    • Signs & Symptoms:
    • *a chancre (hard ulcer or sore) on external genitalia a few weeks after bacterial infection.
    • *2-6mo after chancre disappears, secondary syphilis begins.

    • Tertiary syphilis:
    • *damage to: brian, spinal cord, heart.
  46. PSA test
    -Measurement of levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in the blood.
  47. semen analysis
    -Microscopic examination of ejaculated fluid.

    • Exam for:
    • *motility and shape
  48. castration
    -Surgical excision of testicles or ovaries.
  49. circumcision
    -Surgical procedure to remove the prepuce(foreskin) of the penis.
  50. digital rectal examination (DRE)
    -Finger palpation through the anal canal and rectum to examine the prostate gland.
  51. photoselective vaporization of the prostate (GreenLight PVP)
    -Removal of tissue to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) using a green light laser (laser TURP).
  52. transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
    -Excision of benign prostatic hyperplasia using a resectionscope through the urethra.

    • Tx:
    • benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
  53. vasectomy
    -Bilateral surgical removal of a part of the vas deferens.
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