Civilization Since 1660 Honors

  1. What was the Tokugawa Shogunate?
    Centralization of Authority in Japan
  2. How was power to the Shogun given in the Tokugawa Period?
    By lineage, not batle
  3. What were relations with Japan & Europe like in the late 1600's?
    Different countries of Europe want to truade with Japan
  4. What does Japanese contact with Europe bring to Japan?
    Gunpowder weapons (cannon, gun)
  5. What does contact with Europe help Japan do?
    Consolidate all of the three Japan powers
  6. What did the arrival of the Portuguese and the Jesuits do?
    Convert a few thousand Japanese into Christians in only a few years
  7. Why didn't the Shogun wants Japs to be Christians?
    Fear they would be loyal to a foreign leader and not the emperor
  8. What happens in 1637 in response to Shoguns anger at Christianity? What's the result?
    Peasant Rebellion - Shogun uses this to run all Jesuits out of Japan and cut off ties with the world and isolate Japan
  9. How severe was Japan's isolation?
    Only one ship from the Netherlands came to Japan, and only once a year, and it kept diplomatic ties with China & Asia, if Japs left Japan they were killed
  10. How did the isolation of Japan effect Japan socially and economically?
    Socially, Japan developed more scholarly and had more merchants - Economically, commerce rise was fierce
  11. With rise of merchant power, what happens to power and social class in Japan?
    Shoguns are indebted to merchants, merchants use rising power to challenge the Samurais, social classes began to blur
  12. How did some Shoguns and Samurai get out of debt?
    By selling their title of nobility
  13. Is Japan urban or rural during isolation? Why?
    People migrate from the country to the city as cities grow - cities offer more entertainment and comfort - middle class can patronize the arts - prostitution
  14. What did the Legacy of Tokugawa do?
    Made leaps in utilizing Japan, efficient government, great security, weakening of classes and rise of one people, capitalistic economy
  15. When did Japan finally come out of isolation? How did it work?
    During the era of Tokugawa - they were able to assert themselves as one power
  16. How were the tributaries of Korea & Vietnam influenced?
    Chinese learning
  17. What religion did Korea & Vietnam accept?
    Buddhism & Confucion
  18. What Chinese ideas did Korea & Vietnam accept?
    Cosmic ideas and human relationships
  19. What set Korea & Vietnam apart from China?
    They recognized their differences and sought out individuality by speaking different languages
  20. What was the Korea & Choson Dynasty like for Korea?
    a "Renaissance" of that time with arts and letters - a reviving of Korean culture
  21. What was the heigherarchy of Korea?
    • Yangban (elites)
    • Commoners
    • Slaves (1/3 of population)
  22. What happens to the high rising Korea in the late 1500's?
    Japan invades, which causes China to start war - this Ch/Jap war was held in Korea
  23. What did the war do to Korea?
    Economy crashed, severe killing, proopery damage, decline of Korea, famine
  24. How long does the decline of Korea last?
    Never bounced back, 20th century
  25. What were the Vietnam Dynasties?
    • Ly (1002-1225)
    • Tran (1225-1400)
    • Nguyen (1802-1880)
  26. What happens to Vietnam in the 19th century?
    France moves into Vietnam and colonizes it until Civil War (then the US became involved)
  27. When did the rise of Constitutionalism and Absolutism happen?
    1600 - 1740
  28. What was the nature of Europe durning the rise of Const. & Abso.
    transition - emergence of influential states: england, france, russia, austria, and prussia
  29. What kind of political model did England have? France?
    Parliamentary Monarchy - Absolutism
  30. How did a parliamentary monarchy work?
    shared powers between monarch and some form of legislature
  31. Englands constitution is what?
    unwritten, built on centuries of tradition
  32. how does an absolute monarchy work?
    all power is in the king, who had divine rights... given by God
  33. Do parliamentary monarchs believe in divine rights?
    no, they share state and king power
  34. England is not involved with what? France?
    foreign affairs, stay internal - directly involved
  35. James I was from where? What was his religion? What happens during his reign? Who is his son?
    Scotland - Protestant - refuses to reform englands church to protestant so he can rule and be the most authoritative, he tries to renew laws to get money from parliament - Charles I
  36. Who is Charles I?
    ruler of england after James I - he shuts down parliament when they refuse to give him money
  37. Who led the English Civil War?
    Oliver Cromwell
  38. How does Oliver Cromwell win? What was his reign like?
    After Charles starts war on Parliament, Cromwell beat the kings army and beheaded Charles I (and Charles II), he takes over and starts a Republic (worse rule than the James/Charles reign)
  39. Charles II was like what?
    converted to catholicism while exiled in France, so he paves way for catholic James II in his re-reign
  40. Mary & William do what to James II?
    dethrone him, run him out of country, take over and begin the Glorious Revolution
  41. Mary & William began what english tradition?
    all protestant leaders after their decent
  42. George I had what difficulties while ruling England? so he does what?
    • he didnt speak english
    • he ruled germany, too
    • james edward came to retake throne

    gives robert walpole the position of prime minister to run affairs on his behalf
  43. What was Robert Walpole's Tenure?
    let sleeping does lie
  44. Louis XIII had who mentor him? What was this person like?
    Cardinal Richeleiu - french, loyal catholic, wanted to enhance church and make france a dominant country
Card Set
Civilization Since 1660 Honors
Dr. Carter