WSET Level 2 Certification

  1. What is the WSET Systematic approach to tasting?
    This approach systematically describes aspects of a wine in the order we encounter them. Appearance first, then to the nose, then the palate and finally we may use our impressions to draw a conclusion about the quality of the wine.

    • Appearance -
    • a) Clarity (clear – dull)
    • b) Intensity (pale – medium – deep)
    • c) Colour (White: lemon – gold – amber Rosé: pink – orange Red: purple – ruby – garnet – tawny)

    • Nose -
    • a) Condition (clean – unclean)
    • b) Intensity (light – medium – pronounced)
    • c) Aroma Characteristics (fruit – floral – spice – vegetal – oak – other)

    • Palate -
    • a) Sweetness (dry – off-dry – medium – sweet)
    • b) Acidity (low – medium – high)
    • c) Tannin (low – medium – high)
    • d) Body (light – medium – full)
    • e) Flavour Characteristics (fruit – floral – spice – vegetal – oak – other)
    • f) Length (short – medium – long)

    • Conclusion -
    • a) Quality (poor – acceptable – good – outstanding)
  2. Which one of the following is true:




    C) too much heat can stop the vine producing sugars
  3. What are the wine considerations for food pairing?
    flavour intensity, flavour characteristics, body, acidity, tannins, sweetness
  4. In order to grow and produce a crop of ripe, healthy grapes, a vine needs




    A) carbon dioxide (CO2), sunlight, water, warmth and nutrients
  5. What are the food considerations for wine pairing?
    flavour intensity, flavour characteristics, sour, sweet, salt, spice, smoke, richness, fat and oiliness
  6. Acidity is mainly detected at the side and back of the tongue.

    True or false
  7. Compared to red wines, white wines are generally fermented at




    C) white wines are generally fermented at lower temperatures
  8. What is sweetness?
    Sweetness is an indicator of how much sugar a wine contains, though wines made from very ripe grapes can have a slightly sweet sweet flavour even when there is no sugar.

    The part of the tongue that is most sensitive to sweetness is the tip.
  9. What is Acidity?
    Acidity is what makes lemons taste sour. It causes the mouth to water and its presence makes wines taste vibrant and refreshing.

    Acidity is most strongly detected by the sides of the tongue.
  10. What is Tannin?
    Tannin is what makes strong black taste bitter and astringent. Tannins are present in the grape skins and their presence in a wine depends on the amount of skin contact during winemaking.

    Tannin is detected mainly in the gums.
  11. What is Body?
    Body is also sometimes described as 'mouth-feel'. It is the sensation of richness, weight or viscosity and its combinations of the effects of alcohol, tannins, sugars and flavour compounds extracted from the skins.
  12. What is length?
    Length also called the finish, is how long the flavours linger in the mouth after the wine has been swallowed or spat out.
  13. Vines with lots of large bunches of big grapes are most suitable for




    D) vines with lots of large bunches of big grapes are most suitable for inexpensive, simple dry wines
  14. Why are there very few vineyards lying closer to the equator than 30 degrees?




    B) it is generally too hot
  15. Which one of the following describes the production of STILL RED wines?




    B) crush - ferment - (25-30 °C) - press
  16. Which one of the following does not add flavours to red wine?




    A) glass bottles
  17. What are characteristics of Chardonnay from a cool climate?




    C) Green fruit, high natural acidity, dry
  18. Which of the following words indicates that a wine has been aged for a period in oak?




    A) Crianza.
  19. What are characteristics of Chardonnay from a moderate climate?




    B) Citrus and stone fruit, medium/high acid, dry
  20. What are characteristics of Chardonnay from a hot climate?




    A) Tropical fruit, medium acid, dry
  21. How many standard glasses can you get out of a 75cl bottle of wine?

    a) 3 250ml glasses
    b) 6 125ml glasses
    c) 4 175ml glasses
    d) All of the above
    d) All of the above
  22. Name some Premium regions for Chardonnay:
    • Australia: Hunter Valley, Victoria State, Limestone Coast (including Padthway), Adelaide Hills, Margaret River
    • New Zealand: Hawkes Bay, Gisborne, Marlborough
    • California: Coastal Region, Sonoma, Carneros
    • Chile: Casablanca
    • Argentina: Mendoza
  23. Pinotage is a grape variety that is primarily used for




    D) South African red wines
  24. Name the classic regions for Chardonnay:
    France: Bourgogne (Burgundy), Chablis, Puligny-Montrachet, Meursault, Macon and Pouilly Fuissé
  25. Pair 'chewy' meat with tannic wines

    True or false
    True

    Tannin in wine reacts with protein. Foods with high protein content, particularly rare red meat, will soften the effects of the tannin on the palate.
  26. Name some regions for inexpensive or bulk Chardonnay:
    • South-Eastern Australia
    • Western Cape
    • California
    • Central Valley (Chile)
    • Vin de Pays d'Oc
    • Vin de Pays Val de Loire
    • Sicily
    • Southern Italy
    • Hungary
    • Argentina
  27. 'Pale lemon colour; green fruit and smoky mineral aromas; dry with high acidity'

    This tasting note most accurately describes which of the following wines




    A) Chablis AC
  28. What are the 5 steps to opening a bottle of still wine?
    • 1) Remove the top of the capsule, by cutting around below the lip of the bottle
    • 2) Wipe the neck of the bottle
    • 3) Draw the cork as gently and cleanly as possible
    • 4) Give the neck of the bottle a final clean inside and out
    • 5) Pour a sample into the host's glass for approval
  29. Which grape variety is considered to produce high-quality white wines in both Germany and Australia?




    D) Riesling.
  30. Pair fatty and oily food with high-acid wines

    True or false
    True

    Wines with a good level of acidity can be superb with rich, oily foods.
  31. Pair salty foods with sweet or high -acid wines

    True or false
    True
  32. Match or contrast flavour characteristics of the food and the wine

    True or false
    True
  33. Which of the following pairs of regions are famous for premium wines made from Syrah/Shiraz?




    D) Hermitage AC and Barossa Valley region
  34. A severe winter frost may damage the graft and cause the death of the vine..

    True or false
  35. What are characteristics of Pinot Noir from a cool climate?




    C) Vegetal, high acid, low tannins
  36. What are characteristics of Pinot Noir from a moderate climate?




    A) Red fruit, medium/high acid, low/medium tannins
  37. Name the Classic regions for Pinot Noir
    France: Bourgogne (Burgundy), Gevrey-Chambertin, Nuits-Saint-Georges, Beaune, Pommard
  38. Which of the following grape varieties is often used to add colour and tannins in a blend with Merlot?




    B) Cabernet Sauvignon
  39. Coulure causes the vine leaves to turn yellow and reduces photosynthesis.

    True or false
  40. What are characteristics of Cabernet Sauvignon from a moderate climate?




    A) Black fruit, high acid, high tannin
  41. What are characteristics of Cabernet Sauvignon from a hot climate?




    C) Black fruit, high acid, high tannin
  42. Name some classic regions for Cabernet Sauvignon:
    France: Bordeaux, Médoc, Haut-Médoc (Pauillac, Margaux), Graves ( Pessac-Léognan)
  43. What are characteristics of Merlot from a hot climate?




    C) Black fruit, low acid, medium tannin
  44. Carmenère is another name for the Merlot grape.


    True or false
  45. What are characteristics of Merlot from a moderate climate?




    A) Red fruit, medium acid, light/medium tannin
  46. Which of the following varieties is typically used for dry, unoaked white wines with pungent vegetal flavours and high acidity?




    C) Sauvignon Blanc
  47. Guyot is an example of spur training..

    True or false
  48. Name some classic regions for Merlot:
    France: Bordeaux, Saint-Emillion, Pomerol
  49. What are characteristics of Syrah/Shiraz from a moderate climate?




    B) Black fruit, pepper, high acid, high tannin
  50. What are characteristics of Syrah/Shiraz from a hot climate?




    D) Black fruit, spice, medium acid, high tannin
  51. Which variety is often used for rosé wines in Spain, and Southern France?




    B) Grenache / Garnacha
  52. What are characteristics of Grenache / Garnacha from a hot climate?




    A) Red fruit, low acidity, low tannins
  53. Which of the following grape varieties would struggle to ripen properly, if grown in a cool-climate wine region?




    B) Grenache / Garnacha
  54. Name some classic regions for Gernache (Garanacha)
    France: Southern Rhône: (blended) Côtes du Rhôn, Côtes du Rhône Villages, Châteauneuf du Pape
  55. Red wines are generally bottled much younger than whites.

    True or false
  56. Fill in the missing words in the paragraph below.


    The flowers of nearly all commercial grape varieties are hermaphrodite,
    that is, they contain both ______________ and _______________ organs within the same flower. A ____________ occurs when pollen from one grape variety is used to fertilize ovules (eggs) of a different variety of the same species. Some ___________ such as _______________ (Pinot Noir X Cinsault) in South Africa are long established in the vineyards of the world. The only way to ensure that one vine has the same characteristics as another is to take a _______________ and allow it to grow into a new vine.
  57. A wine labelled 'Napa Fumé Blanc' with be made from




    B) Sauvignon Blanc
  58. Which of the following wines is most likely to have medium sweetness?




    B) Mosel Riesling Spätlese
  59. What are characteristics of Sauvignon Blanc from a Cool climate?




    B) Pungent vegetal and green fruit, high acid, dry
  60. Both grey rot and noble rot are caused by botrytris cinerea.

    True or false
  61. What are characteristics of Sauvignon Blanc from a moderate climate?




    D) Less Pungent, stone fruit, medium/high acid, dry
  62. Which of the following regions produces inexpensive wines from Cabernet Sauvignon?




    D) Bulgaria
  63. Which grape variety is considered to produce very high quality white wines in both Germany and Australia?




    B) Riesling
  64. Oak chips can be used to give flavour to inexpensive wines.

    True or False
  65. Which grape variety is used for red wines from the Côte d'Or (Burgundy, France)?




    C) Pinot Noir
  66. Which of the following tasting notes most accurately describes a young wine from Pauillac AC?




    B) Intense purple; black fruit and oak aromas; high tannins
  67. For each description of a faulty wine identify the most likely cause from the listprovided.

    A 2004 Chablis with a sherry like aroma


    a) Cork taint
    b) Oxidised
    c) Secondary fermentati
  68. For each description of a faulty wine identify the most likely cause from the listprovided.

    An Australian Shiraz with a wet cardboard aroma

    a) Cork taint
    b) Oxidised
    c) Secondary fermentati
  69. For each description of a faulty wine identify the most likely cause from the list
    provided.

    A Piesporter that is cloudy and slightly fizzy -

    a) Cork taint
    b) Oxidised
    c) Secondary fermentation
  70. What are characteristics of Riesling from a moderate climate?




    D) Citrus and stone fruit, high acid, usually dry
  71. A maritime climate where most of the rainfall occurs in winter is known as a Mediterranean Climate.

    True or false
  72. What are characteristics of Riesling from a cool climate?




    C) Green and citrus fruit, high acid, dry or medium or sweet
  73. Large casks have a more marked effect on the flavour of wine than small casks.

    True or false
  74. Which of the following varieties is often used in South Africa for inexpensive unoaked white wines?
    b) Chenin Blanc
  75. Downy mildew is a caused by a fungus native to Europe.

    True or false
  76. Which of the following regions are located in Chile?
    c) 2 and 4 only (Maipo and Rapel)
  77. Malt whisky is made in a continuous still.

    True or false
  78. The word 'sur lie' on a bottle of Muscadet indicates that
    d) it has been bottled directly off the dead yeast
  79. Which of the following varieties is used for making full-bodied reds in Puglia, (Southern Italy)?




    C) Primitivo
  80. Gamay is




    C) a grape variety used to make Beaujolais
  81. Fill in the missing words in the paragraph below.

    Pauillac is a commune of the _______________district
    in the region of_______________. The best vineyards of Pauillac are situated on __________ soils. The wines of Pauillac are made from a blend of grape
    varieties with __________________ usually being the dominant variety. These wines will generally need _______________ to show at their best. The majority of wines from Pauillac are in the __________to ________
    price range.
  82. The grape harvest in France usually take place about 100 days after the vine has flowered.

    True or false
  83. What is a Cuvée?
    A Blend, often part of a brand name.
  84. Ribera del Duero, Rias Baixas and Toro are all red wines made from the Tempranillo grape.


    True or false
  85. Which of the following tasting notes best describes a mature wine from Barolo?




    C) Garnet colour; red fruit and vegetal aromas; high levels of tannin and acidity
  86. The principal advantage of machine harvesting is speed.

    True or false
  87. What is a Château?
    (Usually in Bordeaux) Indicates that the wine is made from a defined piece of land, though this land maybe sold or added to over time. It does not entail the existence of a building.
  88. What is a 'Domaine' ?
    A producer making wine from grapes grown in their own vineyards.
  89. Within the Côte d'Or, wines from the very best vineyards will be indicated by which words on the label?




    D) Grand Cru
  90. Which of the following terms indicates that a Portuguese wine belongs to the 'Table wine with Geographical description' quality category?




    B) Vinho Regional
  91. Baumé and Oechsle are both measures of must weight.

    True or false
  92. Carménère is most commonly used for





    B) Spicy, brambly red wines from Chile
  93. Oregon is a good source of inexpensive wines from the Pinot Noir grape.

    True or false
  94. Malbec is a grape variety often associated with Argentina.

    True or false
  95. The word 'Beerenauslese' on a bottle of German Riesling indicates that the wine is




    B) made from very ripe grapes
  96. The word 'Reserve' on a bottle of wine indicates




    B) nothing; this word is not legally controlled
  97. Fleurie AC is a village with its own appellation, lying within the region of:




    A) Beaujolais
  98. In cold climates grape must often needs to be acidified.


    True or false
  99. The word 'Brut' on a bottle of Champagne indicates that it is




    A) dry
  100. Cava is made by the same method as Champagne.

    True or false
  101. Prosecco is a




    D) fruity sparkling white from Italy
  102. Vinho Verde can be a red or white wine.


    True or false
  103. Premier Grand Cru is the highest vineyard classification in Burgundy.

    True or false
  104. Compared to Non-Vintage Champagne, which of the following are typoical for Vintage Champagne?

    1) The base wines come from a single year
    2) It is made from black grapes only
    3) It may come from Spain
    4) It spends longer aging in the cellar before disgorgement
    5) It is sweeter
    6) It has more intense biscuity, bready autolytic characteristics
    c) 1,4, and 6 only ( the base wines for the Vintage Champagne come from the harvest of a single year, the wine generally spends longer in the cellar before disgorgement than a non-vintage Champagne, with the result that is has more intense biscuity, bready, autolytic characteristics)
  105. Compared to the tank method, bottle-fermented sparkling wines typically have




    B) smaller, more persistent bubbles and complex bready, biscuity flavours
  106. Which grape varities are used fro the production of Champagne?




    C) Pinot Noir, (Pinot) Meunier and Chardonnay
  107. In marginal climates the harvest often takes place at night.

    True or false
  108. Which method best describes the production of Asti?




    A) Tank method, with minimal aging to maximise fruitness
  109. PX sherry is a suitable alternative to a Manzanilla.

    True or false
  110. Which of the following helps concentrate the sugars to make sweet wines in Sauternes?




    D) Black Rot
  111. Saignée is a technique used to make rosé wines.

    True or false
  112. Rutherglen Muscat is a fortified wine from Australia.

    True or false
  113. Which if the following best describes a German Riesling TBA (Trockenbeerenauslese)?




    D) Golden; tropical dried fruit and botrytis aromas; sweet
  114. Marlborough is a region of South Africa famed for its Sauvignon Blanc wines.

    True or false
  115. Which one of the following varieties is often used in South Africa for inexpensive unoaked white wines?


    a) Malbec.
    b) Chenin Blanc.
    c) Shiraz.
    d) Trebbiano.
  116. What is Gamay?

    a) A quality category for vineyards.
    b) A region in Southern France
    c) A grape variety used to make Beaujolais.
    d) A method for making rosé wines
  117. Wines made by carbonic maceration usually age well.

    True or false
  118. Rufina and Colli Senesi are Chianti districts.


    True or false
  119. A Reserve Tawny Port is




    D) Sweet with nutty aromas
  120. Rutherglen Muscat is a fortified wine from Australia.


    True or false
  121. Which of the following pairs of countries are major producer of sweet wines made from frozen grapes?




    C) Canada and Austria
  122. Süssreserve is the addition of sugar to grape must to increase level of alcohol.

    True or false
  123. 'Brown colour; nutty, oxidative aromas; dry and full-bodied with high alcohol'.

    This tasting note best describes




    A) Oloroso seco Sherry
  124. What method is used to make Muscat de Beaumes de Venise ( a Vin Doux Naturel) sweet?




    B) Interrupting the fermentation by fortification with grape alcohol
  125. What is the base material for Rum?




    A) Sugar cane juice or molasses
  126. Which of the following best describes the differences between Bourbon and a Single Malt Whiskey




    C) Bourbon is sweeter and has no peat smoke aromas
  127. Which of the following may be used as a base material for Vodka?

    1) Cereal grains ( wheat, barley, rye, etc)
    2) Grapes
    3) Potatoes
    4) Sugar cane




    D) Any of these
  128. Phylloxera is a vine disease.

    True or False
    False

    This statement is false as phylloxera is an insect pest.
  129. Which of the following is true of continuous stills?




    B) they may produce spirits with a range of strengths and styles
  130. The majority of wines from the Pfalz region are lighter in body than wines from the Mosel valley

    True or false
  131. Which of the following best describes a VSOP Cognac?




    D) amber colour; complex floral, fruity and woody aromas
  132. what is the main botanical component flavour of Gin?




    D) juniper
  133. Seyval Blanc is a crossing.

    True or false
  134. What is the ideal temperature to serve a bottle of Cava?




    A) well chilled (6 - 8 °C)
  135. Which of the following wines should be avoided when serving oily fish?




    D) high tannin, full-bodied red wines
  136. A Californian producer of a high volume, inexpensive branded wine will mainly source their grapes from the Napa Valley.

    True or false
  137. Rhine Riesling, Laski Rizling and Olasz Riesling are all alternative names for the same grape variety.

    True or false
  138. What can happen to a wine that is left for long periods in a fridge?




    C) the cork can harden and fail, leading to oxidation
  139. How many units of alcohol (10ml pure alcohol) are in a standard 75cl bottle of a 12% ABV wine?




    B) nine
  140. Which of the following wines would be the best match for a rare steak?




    B) A young Pauillac (red, tannis, intense fruit and oak flavours)
  141. The Gulf Stream has a warming effect on the climate of western Europe.

    True or false
  142. A wine looks fine, but has a musty, aroma. What is the most likely reason for this?




    D) the wine is affected by cork taint
  143. Which grape varieties are used for the production of Champagne?


    a) Syrah and Pinot Grigio.
    b) Gewurztraminer and Riesling.
    c) Sémillon and Viognier.
    d) Chardonnay and Pinot Noir.
  144. Match the wine to the grape.

    Chablis

    a) Riesling
    b) Pinot Noir
    c) Chenin Blanc
    d) Nebbiolo
    e) Chardonnay
    f) Muscat
  145. Bardolino is a light bodied red wine that can be served lightly chilled.


    True or false
  146. Match the wine to the grape.

    Barbaresco

    a) Riesling
    b) Pinot Noir
    c) Chenin Blanc
    d) Nebbiolo
    e) Chardonnay
    f) Muscat
  147. Match the wine to the grape.

    Asti

    a) Riesling
    b) Pinot Noir
    c) Chenin Blanc
    d) Nebbiolo
    e) Chardonnay
    f) Muscat
  148. Match the wine to the grape.

    Gevrey Chambertin

    a) Riesling
    b) Pinot Noir
    c) Chenin Blanc
    d) Nebbiolo
    e) Chardonnay
    f) Muscat
  149. Match the wine to the grape.

    Savennières

    a) Riesling
    b) Pinot Noir
    c) Chenin Blanc
    d) Nebbiolo
    e) Chardonnay
    f) Muscat
  150. Match the wine to the grape.

    Hochheim


    a) Riesling
    b) Pinot Noir
    c) Chenin Blanc
    d) Nebbiolo
    e) Chardonnay
    f) Muscat
Author
erickgrau
ID
6261
Card Set
WSET Level 2 Certification
Description
Flash cards to help with the Wine & Spirits Education Trust Level 2 Exam
Updated