Jacques-Louis David, Oath of the Horatii, Neoclassical, Significance is that it was taken from classical sources which started the transition to modern art.
Louis-Jacques-Mande' Daguerre, The Artist's Studio, Early photography, Significance is that this was one of one of the first photography methods known as a daguerreotype which was not reproduceable.
Claude Monet, Impression: Sunrise, Impressionism, Significance is that this was Monet's attempt to capture ephemeral aspects of a changing movement
Vincent van Gogh, The Starry Night, Post Impressionism, Significance is that this was painted while Van Gogh was in the sanatarium.
Georges Seurat, A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte, Post Impressionism, Significance is that Seurat used pointillism and it took over a year to finish.
Gustav Klimt, Adele Bloch-Bauer I, Art Nouveau, Signifcance is that this was a portrait of a wealthy sitter.
Henri Matisse, Le Bonheur de vivre, Fauvism, Significance is that is the climax of his use of this type of composition.
Constantin Brancusi, The Kiss, Early Modernist, Significance is that it made break with Rodinesque tradition clear.
Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, Cubism, Significance is that it has been called the single most important painting of the 20th century.
Marc Chagall, Birthday, Symbolism, Signifcance is that it does not fit into any category or movement.
Vasily Kandinsky, Sketch for Composition II, Expressionism, Significance is that the artist is still using a pictorial vocabulary.
established the principle of balanced frontality, second half of 18th century
expressed the inner imagination more than reason, romantics were more experimental that neoclassicists, landscape painting.
- Louis-Jacques-Mande' Daguerre
- William Henry Talbot
- daguerreotypes were not reproduceable
- calotype was reproduceable
- Realistic painting
- developed in France
- Honore' Daumier
- Gustave Courbet
- Associated with scandals
- New works met with outrage from conservatives
- Edouard Manet
- Claude Monet
- intangible forces of emotion
- not widely used until a quarter century after
- Georges Seurat
- Paul Cezanne
- Vincent van Gogh
- searched for new and genuine forms that expressed modernism at the turn of the century
- Discovered sources in nature espescially plants
- Gustav Klimt
- Highly individual styles
- Reality is distorted
- Edvard Munch
- "return to the purity of means"
- brilliant, arbitrary color
- Henri Matisse
Influence of African art
- African art did not wory about proportions
- mask like heads
- distended torsos
- elongated limbs
- Weak abstraction
- maintained hold on physical world
- Pablo Picaso
- Analytic Cubism used geometry to express 3d
- Synthetic Cubism such as collage
European responses to Cubism
- Metaphysical school
- Italian Futurism
- Russian constructivism
retained forms of the renaissance reality, linear perspective, recognizable environments, and sculpture figures.
service of overt political goals
- Three stages
- Black, red or colored, and white
- Images of a utopian society that was aimed at increasing quality of life.
- Closely linked with improvements in typography, textiles, furniture, and theatrical design