CJ Chapter 4/5 Vocabulary

  1. United States vs. Leon
  2. A warrant that at any time the police can search the person's things, house, car, etc.
    Search Warrant
  3. Evidence that can be added to a case
    Admissible Evidence
  4. Supreme Court decision endorsing police officers' authority to stop and frsik suspects on the street when there is reasonable suspicion that they are armed and involved in criminal activity
    Terry vs. Ohio
  5. Police employees who have taken an oath and been given powers by the state to make arrests and use necessary force, in accordance with their duties
    Sworn Officers
  6. Acting in response, such as police activity in response to notification that a crime has been committed
  7. An approach to policing in which officers routinely seek to idnetify, analyze, and respond to the circumstances underlying the incidents that prompt citizens to call the police
    Problem-oriented Policing
  8. Acting in anticipation, such as an active search for potential offenders that is initiated by the police without waiting for a crime to be reported; arrests for crimes without victims are usually this
  9. Making the police presence known, in order to deter crime and to make officers available to respond quickly to calls
    Preventive Patrol
  10. Police components that directly perform field operations and carry out the basic functions of patrol, investigation, traffic, vice, juvenile, and so on
    Line Functions
  11. A reactive approach to policing emphasizing a quick response to calls for service
    Incident-driven Policing
  12. A proactive form of patrolling that directs resources to known high-crime areas
    Directed Patrol
  13. A patrol strategy that assigns priorities to calls for service and chooses the appropriate response
    Differential Response
  14. The percentage rate of crimes known to the police that they believe they have solved through an arrest; a statistic used to measure a police department's productivity
    Clearance Rate
  15. The physical taking of a person into custody on the grounds that probable cause exists to believe that he or she has committed a criminal offense. Police may use only reasonable physical force in making an arrest
  16. A patrol strategy designed to maximize the number of police interventions and observations in the community
    Aggressive Patrol
  17. The police function of providing assistance to the public, usually in matters unrelated to crime
  18. The police function of controlling crime by intervening in situations in which the law has clearly been violated and the police need to identify and apprehend the guilty person
    Law Enforcement
  19. The police function of preventing behavior that disturbs or threatens to disturb the public peace or that involves face-to-face conflict among two or more people. In such situations, the police exercise discretion in deciding whether a law has been broken.
    Order Maintenance
  20. A system in old English law in which members of a tithing, a group of ten families, pledged to be responsible for keeping order and bringing violators of the law to court
Card Set
CJ Chapter 4/5 Vocabulary
CJ Chapter 4/5 Vocabulary