unit 1 mental health

  1. neurobiological theory
    genetic factors, neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, biological rhythms
  2. Intrapersonal theory
    Freud. mental disorders are vied as arising from within individual.
  3. Id
    biological and psychological drives with which a person is born; instant gratification of needs
  4. Ego
    mediates the drives of id with reality that promotes well-being; does not concern itself with moral values / social taboos
  5. Superego
    concerned with moral behavior.
  6. Concious
    thoughts, feelings & experiences that are easily remembered
  7. Subconscious
    thoughts, feelings & experiences that are forgoten but can easily be recalled
  8. Unconscious
    thoughts, feelings, experiences & dreems that cannout be brought to conscious thought or remembered
  9. Oral stage
    birth - 18 months
  10. Anal Stage
    18 months - 3 years
  11. Phallic stage
    3 - 6 years
  12. Latency stage
    6-12 years
  13. Genital stage
    12 years - early adulthood
  14. Erikson
    Intrapersonal / developmental theory
  15. Trust vs. Mistrust
    birth - 1 year
  16. autonomy vs shame & doubt
    1 - 2 years
  17. initiative vs guilt
    3 - 5 years
  18. industry vs inferiority
    6 - 11 years
  19. identity vs role confusion
    12 - 19 years
  20. intimacy vs isolation
    20 - 30s
  21. generativity vs stagnation
    40s - 50s
  22. integrity vs despair
    60 +
  23. Maslow
    • hierarchy of needs
    • physiological -> safety -> love & belonging -> esteem & recognition -> self-actualization
  24. Behavioral theory
    all behavior is learned, and therefore can be modified by a system of rewards & punishment (B.F. Skinner)
  25. Cognitive theory
    (Piaget) intelligence grows by exposing children to the world around them
  26. Minimizing / belittling expressed feelings
    "everyone gets down in the dumps sometimes"
  27. Changing the subject
    • "i've had it. Its my last straw"
    • "what would you like to do today"
  28. Defending
    "your doctor is very good, I'm sure he only has your best interests in mind"
  29. validating perceptions
    "I think I hear you saying you're afraid, is that correct?"
  30. Giving Advice
    "it sounds like you should tell your husband"
  31. Exploring
    "what are your concerns about your illness?"
  32. Making Observation
    "you seem tense"
  33. Placing event in time or sequence
    "was this before or after your accident"
  34. demanding an explanation
    "why do you feel this way"
  35. false reassurance
    "I'm sure things will get better"
  36. reflection
    • "what do you thing I should do about my husband?"
    • "what do you thing you should do about your husband"
  37. broad opening
    "what would you like to talk about"
  38. General lead
    "I hear what you're saying, go on"
  39. restating
    • " i can't study, my mind keeps wandering"
    • "you are having difficulty concentrating"
  40. Locus of control
    "what made you so angry last night"
  41. Clarifying
    "i'm not sure i understand, please explain"
  42. Suggesting collaboration
    "maybe this is something you and I can figure out together"
  43. Voicing doubt
    " I find that hard to believe"
  44. Verbalizing the implied
    • "i have 3 kids, their dad left us"
    • "it must be hard for you to raise 3 children by yourself"
  45. Focusing
    • "my mom is dead, i hate it here, i'm not sick"
    • "what don't you like about the hospital"
  46. Suppression
    you have an unresolved fight with your partner in the morning before clinical, but you go to clinical and perform well after putting the fight out of your mind
  47. displacement
    a girl who was bullied and teased at school picks on her younger siblings
  48. identification
    a teenager who spent much time in the hospital with serious illness decided to become a doctor
  49. undoing
    you snap at your child before school so decide to buy him his favorite treet
  50. compensation
    a boy who does very poorly in sports works hard to make the high honor roll
  51. regression
    4 y/o wets teh bed after the birth of baby sister
  52. reaction formation
    jane hates nursing school, but enrolled to please her parents. she tells friends what a wonderful career it will be and that she enjoys the challenge
  53. intellectualization
    when you receive the news that your elderly mother has died you say at least she did not have to suffer and she lived a good life
  54. projection
    a person who is very uncomfortable with his homosexuality condemns his fater for his homophobia comments
  55. repression
    a young woman cannot remember sexual abuse she suffered as a teen
  56. introjection
    a 4 y/o tells her friend " don't hit your doll. Its not nice to hit"
  57. denial
    Mother with a developmentally disabled child saves for his college
  58. conversion
    a young man develops a paralyzed arm after argument with father
  59. rationalization
    john tells the rehab nurse " i drink to deal with my job stress"
  60. Nonassertive
    Say nothing
  61. Assertive
    " i have not started dinner yet, and i'd like some help"
  62. Passive agressive
    (thinking to yourself)
  63. Aggressive
    "i'm going to do what i want to do, when i want to do it, and you can't stop me"
  64. Voluntary admission
    clinet, for the purpose of assessment and treatment of a mental disorder, consents to hospitalization and signs a document indicating this
  65. commitment / involuntary admission
    detaining a client in a psychiatric facility against his or her own will may be requested in most states on basis of being dangerous to self / others
  66. advance directive
    indicating permission for treatment in case of future incompetence
Card Set
unit 1 mental health
Unit 1 vocab