American National Government

  1. Power flows from the people to the government - what kind of ideal is this?
    Imperfectly realized Ideal
  2. Authoritarian Government
    Government is completely controlled by a dictator or elite group - social and economic system is not under government control
  3. Legitimacy
    Perception by the people that the government has the right to establish rules and laws
  4. What takes the pulse of America?
    Public Opinion Polls
  5. What concept is important in a Democratic Republic?
    Majority Rule
  6. Who votes?
    The People - every 2 and 4 years
  7. Democracy
    Rule by the people
  8. Politics is the process of...?
    Deciding who gets what, when, and how.
  9. Totalitarian
    A dictator - every aspect political, social, and economic is controlled by government
  10. How do people impact the government?
    Power flows from the people to the government
  11. Direct Democracy
    Important governmental decisions are made in the town meeting attended by all eligible voters
  12. Each voter's vote is equal to others
  13. Aristocracy
    "Rule by the Best" or wealthiest
  14. What are some examples of direct action?
    Protests (non-violent), Bombings (violent)
  15. Who did the people of the Republic elect?
  16. Security
    The order in society; We depend on government to keep up security to a point
  17. What are some issues confronting the US?
    • Economy
    • War (terror, Iraq, Afghanistan)
    • Globalization
    • Race
    • Social Security
  18. What are politics?
    Process that makes government work
  19. Politics is not what?
    Not a neutral process
  20. Sovereignity rested with the people
  21. Republic... or...
    Popular Sovereignity
  22. What is government?
    Individuals, Institutes, and Processes that make the rules for society and possess the power to enforce them.
  23. Power generally follows what in democracy?
    Office - Power can be abused
  24. Does the public will translate to public policy?
  25. Prevent political decisions based on the whims or amitions of the people in government
    Limited Government
  26. Does the person with the most votes always win?
    No - ex: Bush vs. Gore
  27. Power from the people exercise by elected representatives?
  28. Equality of all people
    Universal Suffrage
  29. Theocracy
    Rule by the Church or religious leaders
  30. Why were the constitutional framers suspiscious of direct democracy?
    They were afraid of passions of the majority
  31. Liberty
    Greatest freedom of an individual - consistent with the freedom of other individuals
  32. What is the best way people can effect government?
  33. What do political parties do for the people?
    Help manage choices
  34. Representatives of the Republic were what?
    Amateurs at government
  35. Oligarchy
    Rule by a few
  36. Do National & State levels have direct democracy?
  37. Authority
    Right and power of government to enforce decisions
  38. What is the foremost purpose of government?
    To protect
  39. What are some examples of public policy?
    Healthcare Reform, Clean Water
  40. Passions that would erode or destroy the rights of the minority?
    Mob Rule
  41. What are our fundamental political values?
    • Civil Liberties
    • Equality
    • Property Rights
  42. What are some Civil Liberties?
    Bill of Rights, the right to bare arms etc
  43. What percent of people feel the government is spending and being wasteful? How many feel they have a responsibility to provide financially?
  44. What are Political Ideologies?
    One's set of beliefs about politics (liberal, moderate, conservative)
  45. What is conservative ideology?
    The idea that government should play only a limited role in helping individuals - anti-abortion, anti-gay
  46. What is liberal ideology?
    Advocacy of governmental action to improve the welfare of individuals, support for civil rights, and tolerance for political and social change
  47. A system has what?
    inputs, outputs, and feedback
  48. What are inputs?
    demands and supports - what people want - like a write-in candidate
  49. What are outputs?
    laws and public policies - answers to the inputs
  50. Where is feedback seen?
    In elections and polls
  51. How is America's "system"? Why?
    Adaptable - surviving political tormoil including wars, depressions, and crises
  52. What is our Constitution?
    Supreme law of the land
  53. The US is the first nation to have what?
    a formal and written constitution
  54. How many times has the Constitution been amended?
  55. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? Where did he gets his concept from?
    Thomas Jefferson - John Locke
  56. What were some antecedents to the Constitution?
    • The Magna Carta (1215)
    • Habaes Corpus Act (1679)
    • Bill of Rights (1689)
    • Mayflower Compact (1620)
    • The Colonial Experience (1620-1776)
  57. When did the Continental Congress happen?
  58. When were the Articles of Confederation written?
  59. Under the Articles, the government could not what?
    collect taxes, could not regulate commerce, or enforce law
  60. The Constitutional met where and whento do what to the Articles of Confederation?
    Philidelphia - 1787 - amend
  61. Before the Articles were revised, what happened?
    Shay's Rebellion
  62. Who was chairman on the Constitutional Convention?
    George Washington
  63. The Great Compromise was what?
    • Bicameral Cognress (Senate/House)
    • Supreme Court & President
    • Numerous other Issues
  64. Marbury vs. Madison was what?
    First time an act of Congress was declared Unconstitutional
  65. American Constitutional System had what significant features?
    • A Federal System of Government
    • The Supremacy Clause
  66. Representative Democracy... or?
  67. Ratification
  68. When were the first ten amendments adopted?
  69. When was the Constitution Ratfied?
  70. How many states had to approve the Constitution to be ratified?
  71. What state never ratified the Constitution?
    Rhode Island
  72. How did Washington assume spot as president?
    The People assumed he would be
  73. How did Washington get to New York to his inauguration? When?
    By horse, spring of 1789
  74. What are some benefits included in Article One?
    Establish post office, create lower courts, declare war/maintain armed forces, outlaws titles of nobility, money spent must be appropriated
  75. What are some things included in Article Two?
    The executive branch, creates president, election by electoral college, president is commander in chief, summon congress into special session
  76. What does Article Three deal with?
    • Supreme Court
    • President appoints judges
    • Congress can create smaller courts
    • trial by jury
  77. Explain some things from Article 4?
    • Relations among states
    • recognizes the federal system
    • grants priveleges and immunities
    • provides extradition from state to state
    • lets have new states
  78. What is Article Five dealing with?
    • amendment of constitution
    • ways of proposing amendments
    • ways of ratifying amendments
  79. Talk about Article Six
    • debt of US
    • provides that constitution is supreme law of the land
    • forbids religious test for holding office
  80. Talk about Article Seven
    Conventions in 9 states must approve a document
  81. Amendment 1
    seperation of church/state - free exercise of religion - free speech, press, petition
  82. Amendment 2
    right to bare arms
  83. amendment 3
    forbids housing of troops
  84. amendment 4
    guarantees agsint unreasonable search and seizure
  85. amendment 5
    no double jeopardy - due process
  86. amendment 6
    speedy and public trial - witnseses - assistance of counsel
  87. amendment 7
    trial by jury in civil cases
  88. amendment 8
    no cruel & unusual punishment
  89. amendment 9
    just because a freedom isn't written does not mean it doesn't exist
  90. amendment 10
    powers not in congress are given to the state
  91. What amendments are parts of Civil War?
    • 13 - abolishing slavery
    • 14 - guarantees citizenship
    • 15 - no sanctified voting
  92. What amendments effect voting?
    • 17 - elect senators by popular vote
    • 19 - women may vote
    • 23 - citizens of DC vote for prez
    • 24 - abolish poll tax
    • 26 - extends vote to ppl 18 or older
  93. Amendments that effect presidency?
    • 12 - corrects voting by electoral college
    • 20 - changes date of inauguration to January 20th
    • 22 - limits presidency to two 4 year terms
    • 25 - provides succession in case of disability
Card Set
American National Government
Dr. Dunn